2nd Quarter Benchmark Review - Longhornliteracy's Blog

2nd Quarter Benchmark Review - Longhornliteracy's Blog

2nd Quarter Benchmark Review Language Arts Ms. C. Smith PRONOUNS Question Throw it into the trash can before you make a mess. a. Nominative

b. Objective c. Possessive d. Reflexive e. Indefinite When we saw them at the game, I asked if they would like to have dinner with us sometime soon. a. Nominative b. Objective c. Possessive d. Reflexive

e. Indefinite When will your mom be back home? a. b. c. d. e. Nominative Objective

Possessive Reflexive Indefinite She will be around in a little while to ask for volunteers to help with the bake sale. a. b. c. d. e.

Nominative Objective Possessive Reflexive Indefinite Someone will need to take the garbage out to the street in the morning. a. b. c. d.

e. Nominative Objective Possessive Reflexive Indefinite I gave her the money so that she could buy her own lunch. a. Nominative b. Objective

c. Possessive d. Reflexive e. Indefinite Eleanor wanted the cat to eat its food in the laundry room. a. b. c. d. e.

Nominative Objective Possessive Reflexive Indefinite That man is talking to himself. a. b. c. d. e.

Nominative Objective Possessive Reflexive Indefinite Everyone needs to bring ________ book to class today. Eleanor wanted the cat to eat _____ food in the laundry room.

Please ask Samuel to put the carpet cleaner back on ______recharging stand. They ate it all ________________. The winners were Kim and _________. (I or me?) If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, _______have to know the rules of the game.

I have tickets for a movie. They gave me the task. The pleasure is mine. You should take your computer to a better repair shop. He will meet her at noon. Trisha and Rose bought theirs at the bazaar.

MODIFIERS The other day I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got in my pajamas I'll never know. -- Groucho Marx Jennifer called her adorable kitten opening the can of tuna and filled the food bowl. Portia rushed to the store loaded with cash to buy the birthday gift.

Playing solitaire on the computer for three hours, Michaels paper was not completed. Locked away in the old chest, Richard was surprised by the antique hats. PREPOSITIONS The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam.

The sweet potatoes in the vegetable bin are green with mold. The note from Beverly confessed that she had eaten the leftover pizza. Before class, Josh begged his friends for a pencil. Feeling brave, we tried the Dragon Breath Burritos at Tito's Taco Palace.

CONJUNCTIONS Conjunctions Coordinating - FANBOYS

FOR AND NOR BUT OR YET SO Subordinating - AAAWWUBBIS

AFTER ALTHOUGH

AS WHILE WHEN UNTIL BEFORE BECAUSE IF SINCE Every day was a happy day, and every night was peaceful. (E.B. White, Charlottes Web)

Before the plate hit the table, Louie leaned forward like a snake striking and hit the stack of pancakes with his fork. (Gary Paulsen, Harris and Me) Celia says youre in shock, but I think youre just lazy. (Nancy Farmer, The House of the Scorpion) When I pop in a Bird CD, its like I feel myself filling up with Zeke. (Tracy Mack, Birdland)

It was almost time for science, her best subject, so it would be easy for Judy to pay attention. (Megan MacDonald, Judy Moody Gets Famous) If there was an Olympic contest for talking, Shelly Staffs would sweep the event. (Wendelin Van Draanen, Flipped) Word Study suffix cy, -ence/-ance to identify words prefixes anti- and counter- to identify words

roots gen, ject, and man cy Advocacy - An active verbal support for a cause or position. Bureaucracy - Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials. Autocracy - Absolute government. Democracy - Government by the people Illiteracy the state of having a lack of ability to read and write Immediacy - The quality or condition of being immediate. Inadequacy - A lack of an adequate quantity or number.

-cy or -acy Latin: state, quality, condition, or act of (a suffix that forms nouns) -ence/-ance

Importance the quality or state of being important Entrance an act of entering Audience the act of hearing or attending to words or sounds Intelligence - the act of gathering or distributing information for learning Appearance the act of appearing Conference the act of conferring or talking; meeting Independence the act of being free from control or influence Allowance the act of allowing

The suffixes -ance and -ence mean quality of or state of. Words ending in these suffixes are usually nouns. prefixes anti antibacterial - A cleanser that works against bacteria(germs Antiballistic A missile that works against a ballistic missile by intercepting and destroying it in flight. antibiotic - A substance, such as penicillin, produced by certain fungi that can counteract the growth of bacteria. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of diseases such as pneumonia.

anticoagulant - A substance that prevents blood from coagulating (becoming clots) Anticrime - against crime antidote - A remedy used to counteract the effects of a poison, a bad day, unhappiness. antihistamine - A drug used to counter the effects of the bodys histamine production in allergic reactions and colds anti- : Greek prefix meaning "against, not, opposite, opposing, counteracting" Counterargument a contrasting or opposing

argument Counterattack an attack made as a reply to another attack Counterproductive defeating ones purpose, not productive in ones attempt to reach a goal Countermeasure an act taken to offset another act Counterfeit pretend, not genuine, fake, forged Counterclockwise the direction that is opposite to the normal rotation of the clock hands Counter against, contrary, opposite, in

opposition or response to roots gen, ject, and man Gender project manual Gene subject

manuscript Genesis inject manicure Genius reject emancipate Genealogyinterjection manipulate Match up Race and / or kind of To throw and/ or lie

Using the hand Man Ject Gen MOOD & TONE and Characters The mood of the story is the ___________ you get when reading it.

An authors _________ indicates how he/she views a character or his/her opinions about a character. Think of the story The Tell-Tale Heart. What motivates the narrator to kill the old man with whom he lives? a. His heart beat b. Greediness c. His eye

d. The narrator is crazy The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost TWO roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there

Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.

I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. The word that best describes the tone of this poem is: a. inspired b. frustrated c. sympathetic d. anxious

2. The word that best describes the mood of this poem is: a. realistic b. sorrowful c. cautious d. surprising Invitation by Shel Silverstein If you are a dreamer, come in, If you are a dreamer, a wisher, a liar, A hope-er, a pray-er, a magic bean buyer

If youre a pretender, come sit by my fire For we have some flax-golden tales to spin. Come In! Come In! The word that best describes the tone of this poem is: a. inspired b. frustrated

c. sad d. excited The word that best describes the mood of this poem is: a. inspiring b. sorrowful c. cautious d. surprising Alone by Edgar Allen Poe From childhood's hour I have not been

As others were; I have not seen As others saw; I could not bring My passions from a common spring. From the same source I have not taken My sorrow; I could not awaken My heart to joy at the same tone; And all I loved, I loved alone. Then- in my childhood, in the dawn Of a most stormy life- was drawn From every depth of good and ill The mystery which binds me still: From the torrent, or the fountain,

From the red cliff of the mountain, From the sun that round me rolled In its autumn tint of gold, From the lightning in the sky As it passed me flying by, From the thunder and the storm, And the cloud that took the form (When the rest of Heaven was blue) Of a demon in my view. The word that best describes the tone of

This poem is: a. sad b. frustrated c. Sympathetic d. anxious 2. The word that best describes the mood of this poem is: a. Realistic b. sorrowful c. Cautious d. lonely Persuasive Techniques

Give an expert opinion Statistics Create a sense of urgency Counter argument Be trustworthy Use numbers when possible Make a personal plea

Techniques to add details to writing D - DIALOGUE R RHETORICAL QUESTION A - ANALOGY

P PERSONAL EXPERIENCE (ANECDOTE) E - EXAMPLES S STATISTICS / NUMBERS POINT OF VIEW An automobile accident occurs. Two drivers are involved. Witnesses include four sidewalk spectators, a policeman, a man with a video camera who happened to be shooting the scene, and

the pilot of a helicopter that was flying overhead. Here we have nine different points of view and, most likely, nine different descriptions of the accident. How will each of the 9 points of view differ? How might they be the same? What causes the

differences? On Tuesday, President Obama chose John McHugh to be the next Secretary of the Army. McHugh is a Republican. His nomination shows that Obama continues to want members of other political parties in some of the administration's most important jobs. President Obama said that McHugh will ensure that our soldiers are trained and equipped to meet the challenges and threats

of our time. The president values different opinions in his administration. He kept Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense. McHugh joins Gates as Republicans in important positions dealing with the nation's military. McHugh has not agreed with several of Obama's policies. He did not agree with cuts Obama wanted to make in military budgets. McHugh's appointment shows that Obama values his judgment. The president

must believe that McHugh will provide him with an important point of view. Which sentence from the passage best describes the main idea of the thi rd paragraph? "McHugh joins Gates as Republicans in important positions dealing with the nation's military." "The president values different opinions in his administration."

"He kept Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense." "He did not agree with cuts Obama wanted to make in military Someday we will all ha ve robots that will be o ur personal servants. T hey will look and behav e much like real human s. We will be able to tal k to these mechanical h

elpers and they will be able to respond in kind. Amazingly, the robots of the future will be abl e to learn from experie nce. They will be smart, strong, and untiring w Which sentence from the par agraph expresses the main id ea? Someday we will all have

robots that will be our personal servants. We will be able to talk to these mechanical helpers and they will be able to respond in kind. They will look and behave much like real humans. Amazingly, the robots of the future will be able to learn from experience. Floods can cause treme

ndous damage. They ca n ruin houses, roads an d buildings. Floods can t ake down trees and cau se mudslides. It often le aves mud, sand and deb ris behind. It can take m onths to clean up after a flood Floods can cause a lot of damage.

Floods cause mudslides. Floods damage houses and roads. Flood damage may take months to clean up The city of Irving, Texas, has long been known as a middle-class white suburb of Dallas. One of theworld's largest companies, ExxonMobil, has its corporate headquarters there. For more than 37 years it was home to the Dallas Cowboys professional football team. Football is a real passion for many Texans. Driving into Irving from the east, you're greeted by the town's most famous building: the white-domed Texas Stadium with the big hole in its roof. Until 2009, it was where the Cowboys played their home games. The Cowboys have now moved to a neighboring

city, where a larger stadium was built. The Cowboys won five Super Bowl titles while based in Irving. However, Irving is changing fast. The Cowboys have moved out, and Texas Stadium will be torn down. The ethnic makeup of the city is also changing. According to the most recent census data, Latinos made up 41 percent of Irving's population in 2007. The low home prices have attracted many people. Irving also has many city parks. In 1980, Irving was 93 percent Anglo. Many expect Irving's Latino population to increase to more than 50 percent. You don't need census data to see the change. Many restaurant signs and billboards are in Spanish. Bookstores have large sections devoted to books in Spanish. At a coffee shop, many of the customers order in Spanish. Many customers will order caf con leche, or coffee with milk, a favorite drink in Mexico. Latin America has definitely made its way to suburban Texas. Which of these sentences most strongly supports

the main idea of this passage? "Many expect Irving's Latino population to increase to more than 50 percent." "Irving also has many city parks." "Many customers will order caf con leche, or coffee with milk, a favorite drink in Mexico." "Driving into Irving from the east, you're greeted by the town's most famous building: the white-domed Texas Stadium with the big hole in its roof." Jon held the ball in his h Based on the passage, ands. He bounced it slo

what did the author wa wly on the ground. Onc nt you to learn from this e. Twice. He crouched lo passage? w and then jumped. Th e ball flew into the air. U Jon can jump high. p, up, up it went. Then Jon likes basketball. down, down, down into Jon makes a basket.

the basket. "Yes!" he yel How to throw a led. "Nothing but the ne t!" basketball. You can learn much abo Choose an appropriate t ut people by simply wat opic sentence for this p ching or talking to them aragraph: . Looking at the floor ca

n also give you informa There are many ways to tion about people. You c learn where people an tell where people wa walk. lk most frequently beca There are many ways to use of the worn carpet. learn about people. The next time you're rid There are many ways to

ing in someone's car, no listen to the radio. tice the music on the ra dio. The kind of music pl There are many ways to ayed on the radio statio watch people. During the Revolutionar y War, a Yankee invente d a submarine called th e Turtle. A number of ye

ars later, Robert Fulton became interested in un dersea craft. In 1800, he built the Nautilus. Then , during the American Ci vil War, another underw ater craft was built. Choose an appropriate topic sentence for this paragraph: For many years man tried to find ways to travel underwater.

For many years Robert Fulton was interested in undersea craft. Underwater crafts were very important during American Civil War. For many years man tried many ways to win the Revolutionary War. Fact or Opinion?

P.E. class is better then Recess. Math is hard. Summer is a season. Orange soda tastes better that Sprite. October is the tenth month of the year. Charts and graphs are the easiest way to read

a lot of data. Justin grabbed the leash What was true about Ju and quickly put it aroun stin? d Tooli's He was very worried that neck. He stormed out t someone might see him. he door with He was angry that he

Tooli had to walk the dog. coming right behind. He was feeling sick and wanted to lie down. He said, "Hurry up, Tooli He was very excited and . You're always so slow." wanted to hurry. Justin kept his head do wn and walked quickly d own the road, not speak

Inferencing Doctors recommend tha What inference can be made about the sentenc t everyone exercise ever e below? y day, particularly those who spend many hours doing sedentary activiti When Randy's hamster es like reading, typing o died, he had trouble eati

r sewing. ng and sleeping. He wan ted his hamster again. We can infer that when people are doing sedent Randy was very happy. ary activities, they must Randy was too full to eat. be . Randy was very upset because his hamster

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