5 purposeful activities - University of Wisconsin-Madison
For: Foundations of Community Vitality Workshop and/or Resource Packet Presented By: Steve Grabow, Professor and Community Development Educator UW-Extension, Jefferson County Office Nathan Sandwick, Instructor and Community Development Educator UW-Extension, Portage County Office Resource: Catherine Neiswender, Professor and Community Development Educator UW-Extension, Winnebago County Office Connie Abert, Associate Professor and Youth Development Educator UW-Extension, Waupaca County Office DRAFT 7/31/14 For every action there is a purpose
Purpose means intent, Activities are the behaviors connected with the intent Why? Lets face it. People call you when they have problems. One role we can play is to help them focus on the right problem Understanding the 5 purposeful
activities as a useful framework for problem solving What is a problem? What is a problem? Something that causes a concern Substantive aspect and a values aspect
A problem is not objective. It has a substantive aspect (type of problem) and a values aspect Example: Q: What is the issue? A: Vegetation; water levels; childhood obesity, no money etc etc etc Problem taxonomy Problem typology e.g. finance, personnel,
marketing, manufacturing, product development etc. Solution-finding method e.g. management by objectives, systems approach, XYZ process Analytical Technique e.g. linear programming, cost-benefit analysis, statistical inferences Problem-solving options
Do nothing Chance Affective Rational Positivism Reductionism Cult of the expert Determinism Total approach
Purposeful Activities Each Purposeful Activity has a unique approach Approach means Each Purposeful Activity may relate to a type of system No Purposeful Activity is better than another Purposeful Activity appropriateness of use is the issue
5 purposeful activities 1. Operating and Supervising - manage and lead solutions or systems 2. 3. 4. 5. Planning and Design - create or restructure a situations through specific solutions or systems Research - search for generalizations, causes
and hypothesis Evaluation - evaluate performance of solutions and activities Learn - gain skills and knowledge (other activities Nadler mentions -survival and experience leisure) Learning as a Purposeful Activity The process of acquiring: knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values, How through study, experiencing, or teaching,
Results that are persistent, measurable and specified change of behavior or formulate a new mental construct or revise a prior mental construct conceptual knowledge such as attitudes or values 23 Research as a Purposeful Activity Basic research fundamental or pure research
primary purpose the advancement of knowledge theoretical understanding of the relations among variables. exploratory driven by curiosity, interest or hunch without a practical end in mind can have unexpected results that point to practical applications basic or fundamental research indicate that, through theory generation, basic research provides the foundation for further, often applied research. Applied research solves specific, practical questions not to gain knowledge for its own sake
often descriptive, but can be exploratory almost always on a basis of basic research. 24 Planning & Design as a Purposeful Activity Creating or modifying any system Plans or designs that focus on a desired end state Implementation or action plans intended methods of getting from one set of circumstances to another (objectives or goals) Present situation New opportunities
25 Evaluation as a Purposeful Activity The process of examining one or more activities Assessment plus value judgments statistics merit and worth. Examples Program evaluation
fulfill its purpose meet its objectives and goals expected outcomes achieved unexpected consequences System process performance performing according to expectations and Performing according to specifications Problem areas
26 Uses: accountability, testing, continuing change & improvement, etc. Operating and Supervising as a Purposeful The process of leading and guiding Activity formal or informal carrying out the day-to-day functions enable the fulfillment of purpose examples - Department head, Government committee chair, Non-Profit Organization executive director,
Project director/coordinator, Small business owner, Farm manager, Extension administrator Major factors leadership development and organizational development 27 How do the purposeful activities fit in with what we do?
Break into small groups In envelope are a variety of task Match them with purposeful activity headings on the handout Fill in other spaces as time allows Familiar/common tools, skills, and approaches Assure self-preservation and survival of the species 1. Operating/Supervising an existing System
2. Planning and Design creating or re-designing a situation-specific solution 3. Search for Generalizations and Causes (Research) 4. Evaluate the performance of solutions or other activities 5. Gain Skills and knowledge (learn) Experience Leisure
Factors to a total approach Identify and pursue a strategy Pursuing a Strategy Method of operations Principles Course of action Process
Pursuing strategies for each Purposeful Activity Learning Research Planning and Design Operating and Supervising Evaluating
Learning Strategy Determine, awareness levels, learning objectives desired Plan sequence of learning Plan delivery of learning Implement learning plan Research Strategy Identify phenomena of interest Assimilate information Formulate hypothesis Conduct tests
Determine implications Planning & Design Strategy Clarify purpose Design the planning structure Generate solution ideas Synthesis solution options Flesh out ideas Gain approval Operating and Supervising
Strategy Become familiar with norms, values and objectives of the system Obtain needed resources to manage the system Establish performance measures Operate the system. Control, delegate, lead, motivate etc Evaluating Strategy Identify intended use of evaluation data Identify relevant questions and measures Develop methods for obtaining data Obtain, analyze data and use it for intended
purpose Primary and Supporting Strategies Specify the solution Specifying Solutions Prescribing a format for results Details to be understood by all Framework
Factors, properties, attributes and interrelationships System Concept Structures are different for purposeful activities Involving People Stakeholder buy-in Informed Creativity various alternatives Subjective feedback
Variety of opportunities Participants Particular step Involve people Using information Using information and
knowledge Sources-Professional literature studies, raw data past experiences and experts Research and learning current and past info Planning and design predict the future status or consequences of changes Arranging for Continual Change Arrange for
continual change Change is inevitable with any solution Prepare for future change Improvement for long term growth Structure Periodic review audit Environmental opportunities Evaluation adjustments Implementable solutions - challenges Skills and Tools Skills knowledge, experience & behavior
What to do, why, how, when and where to do it Tools something used in performing an operation (eg Quality Toolkit) Skills and Tools 1. Operating/ Supervising an existing System Team building 2. Planning and Design creating or re-designing a
situation-specific solution 3. Search for Generalizations and Causes (Research) Community Based Research Strategic Planning 4. Evaluate the performance of solutions or other activities Program evaluations pre-post tests etc
5. Gain Skills and knowledge (learn) Peer Learning Experience Leisure Fill in your favorite activity here Roles Competent professional Understand start to finish Utilize skills and tools Ready with alternative
Expected and connected behaviors associated with our positions Agreed upon roles planner, leader, evaluator
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