A Very Brief History of Western Art - Ms. Liew's Class

A Very Brief History of Western Art - Ms. Liew's Class

A Very Brief History of Western Art Prehistory to the Modern Day Prehistory Where and When: Europe (mostly modern day France, _________ and Germany) from about 30 000 BCE-2500 BCE Important Characteristics: Cave paintings and ________________ Twisted perspective Limited range of ________________ (mostly earth tones obtained from mineral pigments) ______________ subjects were animals like bison, aurochs & deer Some sculptures, mostly of ________________ female figures

Most famous examples: Caves of Lascaux, Altamira and Chauvet Venus of Willendorf Mesopotamian Where and When: Ancient Near East (modern day _________) from about 3500 BCE-539 BCE Important Characteristics: Sculpture, often of worshippers, royal figures and _____________ figures Huge reliefs, especially of ________________ scenes Mosaics Conservative, ______________________ style

Most famous examples: Standard of _________ Victory Stele of Naram-Sin Ishtar Gate from Babylon Lamassu statues from the palace of Sargon II Limestone ____________ from King Ashurnasirpal IIs palace at Nimrud Egyptian Where and When: Egypt from about 3100 BCE-30 BCE Important Characteristics: Focused on _____________ and the afterlife

Conservative, ________________ and distinctive style Figures in _________________ with size indicating status No ____________________; events depicted in sequence with necessary explanations in hieroglyphic captions Optimistic Most famous examples: The Great Sphinx The Pyramids Bust of Nefertiti The Book of the _______________ Greek and Hellenistic Where and When: Greece and its surrounding territories from about 850 BCE-31BCE Important Characteristics: First realistic portrayal of human figures, often ________________ __________________ emphasized, focus on musculature

Naturalism and ___________________, balance and proportion Emotional _________________ achieved through dynamic expressions, gestures & body positions Most famous examples: The Parthenon The Death of Laocon and his Sons The Discus Thrower Venus de Milo ________________ of Samothrace Roman Where and When: Europe (modern day Italy, but also other areas ______________________ by Rome) from about 500 BCE-476 CE Important Characteristics: Heavily influenced by ______________ and Etruscan art

Emphasis on ________________, more practical and down-to-earth than Greeks More focused on government than gods, including portraits & _________________________ of leaders & narrative relief carvings celebrating achievements of emperors Mosaics and landscape & portrait painting decorated ____________ of wealthy Most famous examples: Trajans Column Garden ____________ from the Villa di Livia Pantheon Medieval Where and When: Europe from about 500-1400 Important Characteristics:

Straightforward ________________________ intended to teach Christian history & beliefs ____________________ and full of mostly Christian symbols A variety of art forms: reliefs, _____________________, illuminated manuscripts, tapestries, carved devotional objects, etc. Most famous examples and artists: The Book of ______________ Stained glass windows of cathedrals, like Chartres and Notre Dame Bayeux ___________________ Giotto, Italy, 1270-1337 Renaissance Where and When: Europe (especially __________ and Northern Europe) from about 1400-1550

Important Characteristics: Rebirth of interest in ______________________ themes Influenced by humanism, which emphasized reason and individual _______________________ over religious teachings Use of realistic perspective and ______________ Realistic portrayal of __________, texture, the natural world, human figures & emotions Most famous artists: Jan van Eyck, Belgium, 1390-1441 Sandro Botticelli, Italy, 1445-1510 _______________________, Italy, 1452-1519 Michelangelo Buonarotti, 1475-1564 Mannerism Where and When: Italy (mostly Florence, ____________ and Venice) from about 1525-1600 Important Characteristics:

Long, ______________________ out figures Unusual or contorted poses/____________ expressions ________________ colours and lighting and imaginary settings ___________________ composition Most famous artists: Parmigianino, Italy, 1503-1540 Agnolo Bronzino, Italy, 1503-1572 Jacopo Tintoretto, Italy, 1518-1594 El Greco, __________________, 1541-1614 Baroque Where and When: Europe and parts of ______________ from 1600-1750 Important Characteristics:

Provided Catholic _______________ during Counter-Reformation ________________, contrasting colours Dramatic subjects with plenty of activity and motion; authentic portrayal of ___________________ & psychological states __________________-scale pieces Protestant artists favoured ____________ people in real situations Most famous artists: Caravaggio, Italy, 157-1610 Peter Paul Rubens, Belgium, 1577-1640 Rembrandt van Rijn Neoclassicism Where and When: Europe from about 1750-1850 Important Characteristics:

Scenes from history & ___________, especially of Greece & Rome Balanced & ________________ compositions A central _____________________ figure A _________________ message: artists believed the power of reason would improve the world Most famous artists: Jacques-Louis David, France, 1748-1825 Antonio Canova, Italy, 1757-1822 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, France, 1780-1867 John Flaxman, England, 1755-1826 Romanticism Where and When: Europe & ______________ from

about 1780-1850 Important Characteristics: Emphasis on intuition, instinct and ____________________ Emotional, ___________________, spiritual Landscapes, scenes depicting the power/grandeur of ____________ Scenes of _______________/supernatural Most famous artists: __________________, Great Britain, 1757-1827 Thodore Gricault, France, 1791-1824 Francisco de Goya, Spain, 1746-1828 Caspar David Friedrich, Germany, 1774-1840 Realism

Where and When: Europe (mostly France) from 1848-1900 Important Characteristics: Ordinary people doing everyday _________________ Not idealized; often shows _________ or distasteful subject matter Influenced by _________________________ ________________ of existing social and working conditions Most famous artists: Gustave Courbet, France, 1819-1877 Jean-Franois Millet, France, 1814-1875 Honor Daumier, France, 1808-1879

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, France, 1796-1875 Impressionism Where and When: Europe (especially France) and America from 1865-1900 Important Characteristics: Scenes from nature and ________________, spontaneous poses Unusual points of view Wanted to capture a quick impression of a scene: Used __________________ brush strokes Painted _________________ to capture changing effects of light Mixed colours on the _________________ Most famous artists: Mary Cassatt, United States, 1844-1926 Claude Monet, France, 1841-1895 Pierre-Auguste Renoir, France, 1841-1919 Edgar Degas, France, 1834-1917 Neo- & Post-Impressionism

Where and When: Europe and North America1880-1910 Important Characteristics: Personal, emotional and ____________________ in nature Bright, ____________________ colours and light Geometric shapes, _________________ forms Pointillism (use of small ___________ of pure colour) Most famous artists: Georges Seurat, France, 1859-1891 Vincent van Gogh, _____________ and France, 1853-1890 Paul Gaugin, France and Polynesia, 1848-1903 Paul Czanne, France, 1839-1906 Cubism

Where and When: Europe (mostly France and _______________) from 1907-1917 Important Characteristics: Subjects broken up into simple ____________________ shapes _______________, few realistic details Shallow ___________________ All ________________ seen at once (multiple viewpoints) Muted colours (__________________, greys, blacks) Most famous artists: Pablo Picasso, Spain, 1881-1973 George Braque, France, 1882-1963 Juan Gris, Spain, 1887-1927 Fernand Lger, France, 1881-1955 Early Abstract Art Where and When: Europe and America from 19091932 Important Characteristics:

No recognizable forms from the ____________________ Based on geometric figures or free ______________ and lyrical Patterns, colours and shapes & how they _________ to each other Open to interpretation, like ______________ Most famous artists: Wassily Kandinsky, Eastern Europe, 1866-1944 Constantin Brancusi, Romania & France, 1876-1957 Piet Mondrian, Europe and New York, 1872-1944 Surrealism Where and When: Europe and United States from about 19151945

Important Characteristics: Expression of unconscious, __________________ inspirations Elements of ___________, free association, uncensored thought Dreamlike Impossible scenes with _____________ that dont fit together Semi-automatic techniques Most famous artists: Salvador Dali, Spain, 1904-1989 Max Ernst, _______________, 1891-1976 Ren Magritte, Belgium, 1898-1967 Abstract Expressionism Where and When: America (mostly _______________) and Europe, late 1940s-late 1950s Important Characteristics:

________________ canvases Abstract Full of _____________________ Spontaneous Emphasis on the __________________________ of painting Most famous artists: Willem de Kooning, Netherlands, 1904-1997 Jackson Pollock, United States, 1912-1956 Mark Rothko, United States, 1903-1970 Pop Art Where and When: Britain and United States from mid1950s to late __________________ Important Characteristics:

___________________ distinction between high and low art Disliked the __________________________ of abstract art Bold, stylized imagery with ______________ lines and flat colours Everyday & pop culture images (e.g. ________________, product labels) used as art Irony and ___________________ Most famous artists: Jasper Johns, United States, 1930Roy Lichtenstein, United States, 1923-1997 Andy Warhol, United States, 1928-1987 Minimalism Where and When: America and Europe in the 1960s & 1970s Important Characteristics:

Neither painting nor ________________________ Great ________________________ Materials not ______________________ for art Basic shapes Black and white, colour _________ Little evidence of the artists hand Most famous artists: Eva Hesse, America, 1936-1970 Dan Flavin, America, 1933-1996 Agnes Martin, American, 1911-2004

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Willem de Kooning Abstract Expressionism Action Painting painting

    Willem de Kooning Abstract Expressionism Action Painting painting

    He painted the female figure in a very crude manner in a reaction to the way women were portrayed in the media. (ex. Marilyn Monroe) Woman, 1944 (detail) Woman, 1944 Willem de Kooning Abstract Expressionism Woman IV, 1952 He is...
  • No Do Now - North Thurston Public Schools

    No Do Now - North Thurston Public Schools

    No Do Now. You have 20 minutes to complete your Perseus map.. Focus on the content more than the art. Mr. Jones has identified 9 stops and 7 locations. A top notch map will have at least 7 stops.
  • Muon- RF Phase Determination

    Muon- RF Phase Determination

    RF drive system. Review of RF drive systems- key components. RF and modulator systems. LLRF will be addressed by Andy Moss. Distribution network. Review of simplified 'over the top' configuration. Muon-RF phase determination. Requirements and proposed solution. MICE RF Review,...
  • Physical Geography of Europe

    Physical Geography of Europe

    On a blank map, identify Siberia, the Urals, the Carpathians, and the Black Sea. Describe the climate differences between Eastern and Western Europe, and between Eastern Europe and Siberia. Describe the population differences between Eastern and Western Europe, and between...


    What is nanotechnology? The study of manipulating matter on an atomic or molecular scale. Deals in the size range of 1 to 100 nanometers (nm). Applications in many fields such as energy production, medicine, biomaterials, and electronics.
  • Chapter 011 - Reality of Consent and Writing

    Chapter 011 - Reality of Consent and Writing

    Wichelhaus, the court held that a mutual mistake of fact excused performance of the contract Mutual Mistake of Value A mistake that occurs if both parties know the object of the contract but are mistaken as to its value The...
  • ACPAC 2009 The challenge of implementing International ...

    ACPAC 2009 The challenge of implementing International ...

    May 2010 * Intosai PSC Steering Committee Project team Greg Schollum - SAI New Zealand (Project Chair) Andrew Baigent - SAI United Kingdom (representing FAS) Therese Johnsen - SAI Norway (representing PAS) John Speed - European Court of Auditors (representing...
  • Using professional standards to inform information literacy work

    Using professional standards to inform information literacy work

    What employers want:Investigations. Being a curious sort, I wanted to see if there was written evidence that I wasn't making this up. Starting with the Nursing and Midwifery Council as well as the Health and Care Professions Council, who are...