ABSOLUTISM: Power ________; Absolute Power ________ absolutely!

ABSOLUTISM: Power ________; Absolute Power ________ absolutely!

ABSOLUTISM or ABSOLUTE MONARCHY Power was not limited by having to consult w/t nobles, common ppl, or their representatives Thus, claims Divine Right, which is: ____________________ Power _____________; Absolute Power __________ absolutely! Absolutism maps The BOURBONS Absolute rulers of France one king, one law, one religion Henry IV (1589-1610), 1

st Bourbon Protestant > Catholicism St. Bartholomews Day Massacre 10 - 70,000 killed 1593: Edict of Nantes Who is a HUGUENOT? __________________________ disciplined the military improved infrastructure

Trade increased Agriculture improved ended the power o/t nobility Louis XIII (1610-1643) of France Henry IVs son began rule at age 9 son of Marie de Medici Regent chose Cardinal Richelieu as his chief minister king is supreme is France, France is supreme in Europe destroy power o/t nobility end independence o/t Huguenots Encourage trade & industry Reduce power of Spain &

Austrian HASBURGS The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) Richelieus policy to destroy the Habsburgs Power grab in Europe Catholics v. Protestants Holy Roman Emperor v. 300 German princes Began in Prague in 1618 Mainly in Germany 1648 Treaty of Westphalia Treaty of Westphalia (1648) ended the 30 Years War Habsburgs greatly weakened extended empire east Austria, Bohemia, Hungary centered along t/ Danube R.

Netherlands and Switzerland gain independence German princes independent o/t Holy Roman emperor The Fronde sling Nobles and peasants weak attempt to end Frances absolutism The Sun King (1643-1715) King Louis XIV 72 year reign became king at age 5 Built the Palace at Versailles

moved the govt & nobles here greatly strained Frances economy Emphasized the grandeur & power of France divine right of kings Letat, cest moi (I am the state) Cardinal Mazarin: Chief Minister Bankruptcy due to Versailles & military expansion European nobility adopted the language & customs of France

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