Adams-Ross Debate

Adams-Ross Debate

Adams-Ross Debate February 19, 2013 Hickory, NC Sunday Is the Lords Day Rev 1:10, I was in the Spirit on the Lords day, and heard behind me a great voice . What does this mean, the Lords day? The word (kuriaks) is not a regular possessive word, as in day of the Lord, but rather an adjective describing something that belongs to the Lord www.WordAndSword.com 2 Sunday Is the Lords Day It is a completely different expression than the phrase day of the Lord in 2 Peter 3:10; 1 Thess 5:2 (2 Thess 2:2

ASV) and the similar OT expressions Only used one other time in the NT, in 1 Cor 11:20, where it refers to the Lords Supper www.WordAndSword.com 3 Sunday Is the Lords Day However, there is a special day that John refers to as the Lords Day, so what day was especially connected with the Lord? The first day of the week, Sunday! All of our previous points have emphasized this fact, Sunday was special to the Lord www.WordAndSword.com 4

Sunday Is the Lords Day Sunday was the day the Lord was raised from the dead, Matthew 28:1 & parallels Sunday was the day the Lord was declared to be the Son of God, Psalm 2:7; Acts 13:33; Romans 1:4 w/ Matthew 28:1, etc. Sunday was the day the Lord was first preached as being the Savior, Acts 2 www.WordAndSword.com 5 Sunday Is the Lords Day Sunday was the day the Lords church was established, Acts 2; 11:15 Sunday was the day the Lords people re-membered his death in the eating of the Lords Supper, Acts 20:7; 1 Cor 11:17ff The Lords Day is the day the Lords Supper is to be eaten!

www.WordAndSword.com 6 Sunday Is the Lords Day Sunday was the day the Lords people col-lected funds for his work, 1 Cor 16:12 No other day of the week held the same significance for the Lord and his people The Bible shows the Lords Day is Sunday But lets consider the meaning and usage of this word John used in Revelation 1:10 www.WordAndSword.com 7 Sunday Is the Lords Day BDAG: [kuriaks, , on] pertaining to

belonging to the Lord, the Lords the Lords Supper 1 Cor 11:20. the Lords day i.e. certainly Sunday (so in Modern Greek ) Rv 1:10. For this Didache 14:1. Gospel of Peter 9:35; 12:50. observe the Lords day (opposed [to the sabbaths]) Ignatius to the Magnesians 9:1 . [BDAG] A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000). www.WordAndSword.com 8 Sunday Is the Lords Day TDNT: It [kuriaks] occurs twice in the NT: 1 C. 11:20 , and Rev. 1:10. The Lords Day takes its significance from the resurrection of Christ. The

[kuriaks] became the day when the congregations assembled, Ac. 20:7; Did. 14.1 . Johns Gospel emphasises that Jesus rose on the first day of the week, Jn 20:1, 19, 26 . Gerhard Kittel, et al., eds. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1964). www.WordAndSword.com 9 Sunday Is the Lords Day Little Kittel: kyriaks. This adjective, meaning of the lord or owner, occurs in the NT in 1 Cor 11:20 and Rev. 1:10 for the Lords Supper and the Lords Day. As regards the latter, the day of Christs resurrection takes on special significance (cf. Jn. 20:1; Acts 20:7;

1 Cor. 16:2). [cont.] www.WordAndSword.com 10 Sunday Is the Lords Day Little Kittel: kyriaks. Already the first day is important to Judaism as the day when creation began, and it becomes a special day of Christian assembly as the beginning of a new aeon. Geoffrey W. Bromiley, ed. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament: Abridged in One Volume (Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1985). www.WordAndSword.com 11

Sunday Is the Lords Day Robertson: Rev. 1:10. On the Lords Day . the Christians take this term, already in use, and apply it to the first day of the week in honour of the Lord Jesus Christs resurrection on that day (Didache 14, Ignatius Magn. 9). It has no reference to hmera kurio (the day of judgment, II Pet. 3:10). A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1933). www.WordAndSword.com 12 Sunday Is the Lords Day Vincent: Rev. 1:10. On the Lords day (en kuriak hmra). The first day of the week, the festival of the

Lords resurrection. Not the day of judgment (2 Thess 2:2); (2 Pet. 3:10); or (Philip. 2:16) . Marvin Richardson Vincent, Word Studies in the New Testament (New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1887). www.WordAndSword.com 13 Sunday Is the Lords Day Zodhiates: kuriaks; fem. kuriak, . Belonging to a lord or ruler. Only in 1 Cor. 11:20; Rev. 1:10 as belonging to Christ, to the Lord, having special reference to Him. Hence, Kuriak, which came to mean Kuriak Hmra, the Day of the Lord, what we call Sunday. It was kept in commemora-tion of Christs resurrection (John 20:1923; Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:2 [see

Rev. 1:10]). Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 2000). www.WordAndSword.com 14 Sunday Is the Lords Day The next few charts contain quotes from non-biblical ancient documents that were contem-porary with Johns writing of Revelation These are the documents referred to in the definitions from the lexicons in previous charts These quotations are simply used to show that the word John used in Rev 1:10 (kuriak) was in common use and clearly meant Sunday www.WordAndSword.com

15 Sunday Is the Lords Day The Gospel of Peter in the Akhmm papyrus was a narrative gospel of the synoptic type which circulated in the mid1st century under the authority of the name Peter. Paul Allan Mirecki, Peter, Gospel of in vol. 5, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, ed. David Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 278. Other scholars date it to 70150 AD The Gospel of Peter describes the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus from the dead www.WordAndSword.com 16 Sunday Is the Lords Day

Gos. Pet. 9:35, Now on the night when the Lords Day [h kuriak] was drawing on, as the soldiers kept guard by two and two . Gos. Pet. 12:50, Now at dawn on the Lords Day [ts kuriaks] Mary Magdalene, a female disciple of the Lord took with her her female friends, and came to the sepulchre where He was laid. Translation: H. B. Swete, The Akhmm Fragment of the Apocryphal Gospel of St. Peter (London: MacMillan and Co., 1893). www.WordAndSword.com 17 Sunday Is the Lords Day The Didache is a collection of teachings for Christians and churches dated to 70 120 AD

14:1, And coming together on the Lords day [kuriakn] of the Lord, break bread . Translation: Rick Brannan, The Apostolic Fathers in English (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012). cf. Acts 20:7, Upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread . www.WordAndSword.com 18 Sunday Is the Lords Day Ignatius, an elder of the church in Antioch, wrote several letters dated to 98110 AD Magnesians 9:1, [I]f those who lived in ancient customs came to newness of hope, no longer keeping the Sabbath but living according to the Lords day [kuriakn], on which our life also arose through him and

his death, (which some deny) . Translation: Rick Brannan, The Apostolic Fathers in English (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012). www.WordAndSword.com 19 Sunday Is the Lords Day Philip Schaff, eminent scholar of church history: The celebration of the Lords Day [which he later identified as Sunday] in memory of the resurrection of Christ dates undoubtedly from the apostolic age. Nothing short of apostolic precedent can account for the universal religious observance in the churches of the second century. There is no dissenting voice. Philip Schaff and David Schley Schaff, History of the Christian Church, electronic ed. (New York: Charles Scribners Sons,

1910), 2.5.60. www.WordAndSword.com 20 Sunday Is the Lords Day 2nd [Day] 3rd [Day] 4th [Day] 5th [Day] Preparation [Day], Mk 15.42 Sabbath, Mk 15.42; 16.12 Lords [Day], Mk 16.2; Rev 1:10 www.WordAndSword.com 21 Sunday Proposition

Sunday is a special day to NT Christians Mt 28; Mk 16; Lk 24; Jn 20 | Ps 2:7; Acts 13:33; Rom 1:4 | Joel 2; Isa 2; Zech 6; Acts 2 Sunday is a day of worship for NT Christians 1 Cor 11:1734; 14:23, 26; Acts 20:67 | 1 Cor 16:12; 4:17; 7:17 Sunday is the Lords Day for NT Christians Rev 1:10; Mt 28; Mk 16; Lk 24; Jn 20; Acts 20:7 www.WordAndSword.com 22 Laws NOT Repeated, NOT Binding Great Britain Murder is illegal Theft is illegal

Perjury is illegal Must pay taxes Subject of the Queen United States of America Murder is illegal Theft is illegal Perjury is illegal Must pay taxes ??? www.WordAndSword.com 23 Laws NOT Repeated, NOT Binding

Ezekiel 20:1012, Wherefore I caused them [house of Jacob/Israel, v5; cf. v13] to go forth out of the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness. And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them. Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. www.WordAndSword.com 24 Laws NOT Repeated, NOT Binding Nehemiah 9:1314, Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them [our fathers, v9]

from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant . www.WordAndSword.com 25 Laws NOT Repeated, NOT Binding Old Covenant Adultery is sin Murder is sin Theft is sin Lying is sin Keep the Sabbath

New Covenant Adultery is sin Murder is sin Theft is sin Lying is sin ??? www.WordAndSword.com 26 Smite v. Speak / Saturday v. Sunday Exodus 17 No water to drink, v1 Take thy rod, v5 Smite the rock, v5

Moses did so, he smote the rock, v6 Moses is faithful Numbers 20 No water, v2 Take the rod, v7 Speak to the rock, v8 Instead, Moses smote the rock, v11 Moses failed to believe / sanctify God, punished, v12 www.WordAndSword.com

27 Smite v. Speak / Saturday v. Sunday New Covenant / Old Covenant / Israel Remember the sabbath day, Exod 20:8 Keep my sabbaths, Lev 19:3, 30; 26:2 Keep the sabbath day, Deut 5:12 Sabbath given to Israel, Neh 9:1314 Christians Lord raised on

Sunday, John 20:1 Disciples met on Sunday, Acts 20:7 Churches met on Sunday, 1 Cor 16:1 2 Lords Day, special day, Sunday, Rev 1:10 www.WordAndSword.com 28 Smite v. Speak / Saturday v. Sunday New Covenant / Old Covenant / Israel When Israel kept

the sabbath, faithful When Israel failed to keep the sabbath, punished, Num 15:36 Christians When Gods people worship him on the Lords Day, faithful When Gods people fail to worship him on the Lords Day, pun-ished, Heb 10:2431 www.WordAndSword.com

29 Acts 20:710, Resurrection Theme v7, 1st day of the week, when Jesus was resurrected (cf. John 20:1) v7, to eat the Lords Supper (lit. break bread), memorial of Jesus death and resurrection (cf. 1 Cor 11:2327) vv910, Eutychus raised from the dead www.WordAndSword.com 30 Constantines Edict of 321 On the venerable Day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country,

however, persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pur-suits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain-sowing or for vine-planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost. (Given the 7th day of March, Crispus and Constantine being consuls each of them for the second time.) Philip Schaff and David Schley Schaff, History of the Christian Church, electronic ed. (New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1910), 3.7.75, n692. www.WordAndSword.com 31 Israel NEW to the Sabbath Sabbath NOT mentioned before Exodus 16

Sabbath was only made known at Mt. Sinai after leaving Egypt, Nehemiah 9:1314, meaning it was NOT known prior to then In Exodus 16:45, 2230, God tested whether or not they would keep his laws with the first mention of the sabbath www.WordAndSword.com 32 Israel NEW to the Sabbath The sabbath of Exodus 16 was not the same as the sabbath of Exodus 20 and following because the penalty of violating the latter was death (Exod 31:1317) and the violators in Exodus 16 were not put to death (v27ff) Again the sabbath of Exodus 16 was given as a test; it was something new! www.WordAndSword.com

33 Israel NEW to the Sabbath The people of Israel were NOT familiar with the sabbath before Exodus 16 Exod 16:2223, the rulers of Israel didnt know what the Sabbath was about, had to be told Exod 16:27, others in Israel didnt yet realize they werent supposed to work on the sabbath www.WordAndSword.com 34 Israel NEW to the Sabbath Events of Numbers 15:3236 show that Israel was not familiar with the sabbath and that it was something NEW for them A man violated the sabbath, picked up sticks They recently learned it was wrong, but were confused about what

to do with the man God had to tell them what to do, because the sabbath was NEW, they were learning about it www.WordAndSword.com 35 Not Known/Made Known to Fathers In Deut 5:3 Moses said the covenant with the Sabbath (vv1215) was not made known to our fathers, meaning Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (1:8) In Nehemiah 9:914, the Levites (v5) said God made known the covenant with the Sabbath to our fathers, meaning those God brought out of Egypt to Mt. Sinai www.WordAndSword.com 36

Deut 5.3: Who Are Our Fathers? 1:8, your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob 6:10, thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob 9:5, thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob 29:13, thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob 30:20, thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob www.WordAndSword.com 37 Deuteronomy 5:122 vv23, 1015, God made a covenant that included the sabbath

v2, God made this covenant with us Us = all Israel O Israel (v1) This covenant was not made with any other nations past, present, or future This covenant was not made with Gentiles www.WordAndSword.com 38 Deuteronomy 5:122 vv23, 1015, God made a covenant that included the sabbath v2, God made this covenant in Horeb cf. Exod 3:1, 12; 19:12; Num 10:33 God did not make this covenant in Eden with all people, but at Horeb with Israel alone God did not make this covenant before Horeb, but with Israel who alone was at Horeb

www.WordAndSword.com 39 Deuteronomy 5:122 vv23, 1015, God made a covenant that included the sabbath v3, God did NOT make this covenant with our fathers our fathers = Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (1.8) God did NOT make this covenant with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Adam and Eve, nor with anyone else prior to Israel! www.WordAndSword.com 40 Deuteronomy 5:122 vv23, 1015, God made a covenant that included the sabbath v6, brought thee out of Egypt = covenant made with

Israel, NOT Gentiles and NOT ALL people vv1215, covenant incl. 10 Commandments www.WordAndSword.com 41 Deuteronomy 5:122 vv23, 1015, God made a covenant that included the sabbath v15b, therefore the Lord they God com-manded thee to keep the Sabbath Why is the therefore there for? v15a, BECAUSE they (Israel) were a servant in Egypt & God brought them (Israel) out of Egypt Keeping the sabbath was NOT given to others who were not delivered by God from Egypt! www.WordAndSword.com

42 Deut 5:122 Summary God made a covenant that included keep the sabbath day to sanctify it He made this covenant only with Israel, NOT with any other nation or people He made this covenant at Mt. Horeb, NOT before and NOT in the Garden of Eden He did NOT make this covenant with the fathers: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, or Adam He made this covenant with those he brought out of Egypt, NOT with any other nation or people www.WordAndSword.com 43 Argument: God Never Changes No one denies this fundamental truth!

This is NOT the issue! The issue IS has God made different covenants with and given different commandments to different people in different ages? www.WordAndSword.com 44 Argument: God Never Changes Gen 2:15, God commanded Adam to dress and keep the Garden of Eden Using my opponents reasoning: Adam is the father of all people, therefore this is a universal commandmentALL people are required to dress and keep the Garden Does my opponent practice or teach this? Notice how Adam was NOT commanded to keep the sabbath www.WordAndSword.com

45 Argument: God Never Changes Gen 6:14, God commanded Noah to build an ark of gopher wood, etc. Using my opponents reasoning: Noah is the father all people today (Gen 9:1), therefore this is a universal commandmentALL people are required to build an ark Is my opponent currently engaged in such a building project and teaching others to do so? www.WordAndSword.com 46 Argument: God Never Changes Exod 31:16, the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations . cf. Deut 5:3; Nehemiah 9:1314 This commandment was given to the children of Israel and NOT

to Gentile peoples Just like the command to keep the Garden was given to Adam and the command to build an ark was given to Noah; NOT to us today www.WordAndSword.com 47 Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days Question: what are the sabbath days? Are they the weekly sabbath or special annual festival sabbaths? www.WordAndSword.com 48

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days Some contend the plural sabbath days means Paul only referred to special annual sabbaths, and not to the weekly sabbath What saith the Scripture? www.WordAndSword.com 49 Colossians 2:16 Exodus 31:1218

v13, v14, v15, v16, my sabbaths ye shall keep ye shall keep the sabbath therefore the seventh [day] is the sabbath / day the sabbath (2x) sabbaths = the sabbath day Col 2:16, sabbath days = weekly sabbath www.WordAndSword.com 50 Colossians 2:16 Matthew 12:113

vv5, 10, 12, sabbath days vv1, 2, 5, 8, 11, 12, sabbath day sabbath days = sabbath day Col 2:16, sabbath days = weekly sabbath www.WordAndSword.com 51 Col 2:16 / 1 Chron 23:2931 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [daily], or in respect of an holyday [yearly], or of the new moon [monthly], or of the sabbath days [weekly] . And to stand every morning , and likewise at even [daily]; And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the Lord in the sabbaths [weekly], in the new moons

[monthly], and on the set feasts [yearly], continually before the Lord . www.WordAndSword.com 52 Col 2:16 / 2 Chron 2:4 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [daily], or in respect of an holyday [yearly], or of the new moon [monthly], or of the sabbath days [weekly] . Behold, I build an house to God, for the burnt offerings morning and evening [daily], on the sabbaths [weekly], and on the new moons [monthly], and on the solemn feasts [yearly] . This is an ordinance for ever to Israel. www.WordAndSword.com

53 Col 2:16 / 2 Chron 8:13 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [daily], or in respect of an holyday [yearly], or of the new moon [monthly], or of the sabbath days [weekly] . Even after a certain rate every day [daily], offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths [weekly], and on the new moons [monthly], and on the solemn feasts [yearly], three times in the year, . www.WordAndSword.com 54 Col 2:16 / 2 Chron 31:3 Let no man therefore judge you in

meat, or in drink [daily], or in respect of an holyday [yearly], or of the new moon [monthly], or of the sabbath days [weekly] . [A]lso for the burnt offerings, for the morning and evening [daily] burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths [weekly], and for the new moons [monthly], and for the set feasts [yearly], as it is written . www.WordAndSword.com 55 Col 2:16 / Hosea 2:11 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [daily], or in respect of an holyday [yearly], or of the new moon [monthly], or of the sabbath days [weekly] .

I will also cause all her mirth to cease, Her feast days [yearly], her new moons [monthly], and her sabbaths [weekly], and all her solemn feasts. www.WordAndSword.com 56 Daily Weekly Monthly Yearly 1Ch 23 morning & evening

sabbaths new moons set feasts 2Ch 2:4 morning & evening sabbaths new moons solemn feasts 2Ch 8:13

every day sabbaths new moons solemn feasts 2Ch 31:3 morning & evening sabbaths new moons set feasts

sabbaths new moons feast days sabbath days new moon holyday Hos 2:11 Col 2:16 meat & drink

www.WordAndSword.com 57 Colossians 2:1417 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross . Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shad-ow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. www.WordAndSword.com 58 Colossians 2:1417

What was in the handwriting of ordinances? [daily] meat and drink, [yearly] holydays, [monthly] new moons, [weekly] sabbaths What happened to these things? Weekly sabbaths were blotted out Weekly sabbaths were taken away Weekly sabbaths were nailed to the cross www.WordAndSword.com 59 Colossians 2:1417 Summary Jesus, blotting out the handwriting of ordinances, took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; this included the weekly sabbath days (v16) So what happened to the weekly sabbath? Weekly sabbaths were blotted out Weekly sabbaths were taken away

Weekly sabbaths were nailed to the cross www.WordAndSword.com 60 Deut 5:122 & Col 2:1417 Deut 5: God gave the sabbath to Israel, who he brought out of Egypt, at Mt. Horeb, NOT to their fathers, NOT to the Gentiles, NOT in the Garden of Eden Col 2: when Jesus died on the cross weekly sabbaths were blotted out, taken away, and nailed to his cross; they are no more www.WordAndSword.com 61 Jesus Kept the Sabbath No one denies this; this is NOT the issue

Gal 4:4, Jesus lived under the Old Law Heb 9:17, the Law of Christ only went to effect AFTER he died Col 2:1417, when he died sabbaths were blotted out, taken away, nailed to his cross www.WordAndSword.com 62 Jesus Did Not End Old Law ??? Matt 5:17, Jesus came not to destroy, but to fulfill the Old Law Argument: Jesus did not end the Old Law Col 2:14, Jesus took Old Law out of the way Eph 2:15, Jesus abolished the Old Law Rom 10:4, Jesus fulfilled the Old Law in that he is the end of the law www.WordAndSword.com

63 Jesus Gave ALL NT in Gospels Argument: Jesus had to reveal everything in his will before his death John 16:1216, Jesus still had many things to say unto the apostles that the Holy Spirit would speak of after his death 1 Cor 14:37, Paul wrote commandments of the Lord, including 11:1734; 16:12 www.WordAndSword.com 64 Paul Kept the Sabbath Argument: Paul, as an apostle, kept the Sabbath in worshiping God No one denies Paul visited synagogues on

some sabbaths; this it not the issue Where did Paul eat Lords Supper on the sabbath? Acts 9:20, 22; 17:14, Paul taught on the sabbath and confounded the Jews proving that this is very Christ; some believed and left synagogue! www.WordAndSword.com 65 Sabbath & Acts 15 Discussion not only about circumcision, also about keeping the law of Moses, vv5, 21, 24 Paul dissented and disputed the need to keep the Law of Moses, v2 Peter said they should not put a yoke upon the neck of the [Gentile] disciples by teaching them to keep the

Law of Moses, v10 www.WordAndSword.com 66 Sabbath & Acts 15 James said that we trouble not them Gentiles by teaching them to keep the Law of Moses, v19 The apostles and elders at Jerusalem never commanded anyone to teach that the Gentiles keep the Law of Moses, v24;16:4 It seemed good to the Holy Ghost, apostles, elders at Jerusalem not to burden the Gentiles with keeping the law of Moses, v28 www.WordAndSword.com 67

Sabbath & Galatians The Law of Moses, including the sabbath, is the topic of Galatians, 3:17, 19; 4:25 How does Paul describe you who want to keep the Law of Moses today? Christ shall profit you nothing, 5:2 You are a debtor to do the whole law, 5:3 Christ is of no effect unto you, 5:4a Ye are fallen from grace, 5:4b Paul wishes you were cut off, 5:12 www.WordAndSword.com 68

Sabbath, Acts 15, Galatians Opponent Circumcision __ N __ Y Sabbath __ N __ Y Law of Moses __ N __ Y Whos Right??? Acts 15 Paul __ N __ Y Peter __

N __ Y James __ N __ Y Apostles __ N __ Y Elders __ N __ Y Holy Ghost __ N __ Y Let God be true, but every man a liar, Rom 3:4 www.WordAndSword.com 69 Lords Supper = Annual ??? Argument: the Lords Supper may be

eaten on Sunday, Acts 20:7, but this was only once a year on the 14th day of the 1st month The annual event in Law of Moses that occurred the 14th day of the 1st month was the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread, Exod 12 According to Acts 20:6 this had already occurred when the disciples in Troas came together on the first day of the week to eat the Lords Supper www.WordAndSword.com 70 Between Cross & Pentecost Old President/New Pres. Election Day, Nov

Old President voted out New President voted in Inauguration Day, Jan 20 Old President no longer New President in office Old Law / New Law Cross of Jesus Old Law nailed to cross New Law commissioned Pentecost Old Law no longer

New Law proclaimed www.WordAndSword.com 71 Between Cross & Pentecost Last Will and Testament New Testament Death of person Death of Jesus Some days pass Some days pass Reading and Reading and execution of execution of his their last will and testament testament

www.WordAndSword.com 72 Sabbath: 60x in 55vv (KJV) Argument: sabbath mentioned more than the first day of the week / Sunday / Lords Day 50x in Gospels, people still under Law of Moses 9x in Acts; 1x length of journey; 8x Paul persuading Jews to accept Christ and his day! 1x in RomansRevelation! in Col 2:16 Paul teaches weekly sabbaths were blotted out, taken out, and nailed to the cross www.WordAndSword.com

73 Sabbath: 60x in 55vv (KJV) Argument: sabbath mentioned more than the first day of the week / Sunday / Lords Day Sin: 220x in 185vv (KJV NT) Godly/Godliness: 52x in 26vv (KJV NT) Does this make sin more important than godli-ness or mean we should sin instead of practice godliness? If not, why not? www.WordAndSword.com 74 Law of Moses from Angels? Acts 7:53; Gal 3:19; Heb 2:2 all allude that the Law of Moses was delivered by angels

Why is this? Is this stated in the OT??? Deut 33:2 (LXX), And he said: The Lord came from Sinai / and displayed himself to us from Seir / and made haste from Mount Paran together with myriads of Kadesh, / from his right, angels with him. The Lexham English Septuagint, ed. Rick Brannan, Ken M. Penner, Israel Loken et al. (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012). www.WordAndSword.com 75 Sabbath = 7th Day Ex. 16:26: 26Six days you shall gather it, but on

the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none. Mt 28:1: 1Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. Mk 16:1-2: 1Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. 2Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. 76

Three Basic Arguments The covenant containing the command to keep the Sabbath was made with the Jews alone The covenant containing the command to keep the Sabbath has been replaced by the new covenant of Jesus Christ The Jewish Sabbath was not observed in the early post-apostolic period 77 Sinai Covenant Made With Jews The Sinai covenant was made with the Israelites (Ex. 20:1-2; 24:7-8; Lev. 26:46; Dt. 5:1-6) The Sinai covenant was not made with the fathers (Dt. 5:2-3), the surrounding nations (Dt. 4:7-8) or the Gentiles (Rom. 2:12-14)

A law applies only to those to whom it is addressed (Rom. 3:19) 78 The Sabbath & Israel The Sabbath was made known at Mt. Sinai (Neh. 9:13-14) The Sabbath was a sign between God and Israel (Ex. 31:12-13, 16-17; Ezek. 20:10-12) The Sabbath was a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt (Dt. 5:15) 79 The Sabbath In Exodus 16

Seventh day first called Sabbath (Ex. 16:23) Context indicates something new Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath. (Ex. 16:23) Some gathered manna on the 7th day (Ex. 16:25-27) This Sabbath-keeping evidently anticipates the Sabbath command (Ex. 20:8-11) Punishment for Sabbath violation unknown (Num. 15:32-36) 80 Replacement Prophesied Jer. 31:31-32: 31 Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of

Israel and with the house of Judah 32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord. 81 Replacement Prophesied Jer. 31:33-34: 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord, for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,

says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more. 82 The Two Covenants (Heb. 8:7-13) First Covenant Second Covenant Faulty (8:7-8) Faultless (8:7-8) Sinai covenant (8:9) New covenant (8:8)

Laws in mind & heart (Pr. 3:1-3; 7:1-3; Psa. 37:31; 40:8; Isa. 51:7) Laws in mind & heart (8:10) Their God & My people (Ex. 6:7; Dt. 7:6; 2 Sam. 7:24) Their God & My people (8:10) 83 The Two Covenants (Heb. 8:7-13) First Covenant New Covenant Taught to know God after

covenant relationship (8:11) Taught to know God before covenant relationship (8:11; Jn. 6:44-45) Some knew God (Rom. 9:6-8, 27) All will know God (8:11) Sins remembered every year (Lev. 16:29-30; Heb. 10:1-3, 18) Sins remembered no more (Heb. 8:12) Obsolete (8:13) New covenant (8:13)

Ready to vanish away (8:13) Everlasting covenant (Heb. 13:20) 84 Understanding Jer. 31:31-32 Ex. 34:28: He Wrote Upon The Tables The Words Of The Covenant, The Ten Commandments He Didnt Say Ill Give Them A New Law. He Said Im Going To Give Them The Exact Same Law I Gave Them Before With A New Covenant, Which

Means An Agreement. (Bill Rorick, 10/20/79) Dt. 4:13: He DeclaredHis CovenantEven The Ten Commandments; And He Wrote Them Upon Two Tables Of Stone. Vs. 1 Ki. 8:9, 21: There Was Nothing In The Ark Save the Two Tables Of StoneThe Ark, Wherein Is The Covenant Of The Lord Which He David Made Watts, Sr. With Our Fathers, When He 85 Brought Them Out Of The Land Of Old Covenant Replaced God wants us to hear His Son (Mk. 9:2-8)

Christians have been made dead to the law (Rom. 7:4) and discharged from the law (Rom. 7:6-7) The old covenant has passed away (2 Cor. 3:1-18) Christians are no longer under the tutor that brought the Jews to Christ (Gal. 3:2325) 86 The Transfiguration (Mt. 17:1-8; Mk. 9:2-8; Lk. 9:28-36a) Jesus transfigured (Mk. 9:2-3) Moses & Elijah talk with Jesus (Mk. 9:4)

Let us make three tabernacles (Mk. 9:5) This is My beloved son. Hear Him! (Mk. 9:7) And All at once they looked around and saw no one with them anymore, except Jesus alone. (Mk. 9:8) Heb. 1:1-2 87 10 Commandments & The Covenant

The 10 commandments were the foundation of the old covenant (Ex. 34:27-28; Dt. 4:13; 9:9-11; 2 Chr. 6:11; 1 Ki. 8:9, 21) If the old covenant has been replaced by the new covenant, then the 10 commandments have been replaced The principles of 9 of the 10 commandments are taught in the gospel 88 Where Is The NT Sabbath Command? Acts 14:15 No Other Gods 1 Jn. 5:21

No Graven Images Jas. 5:12 Dont Take Gods Name In Vain Remember Sabbath Eph. 6:1-2 Honor Father & Mother Rom. 13:9 You Shall Not Kill Rom. 13:9 You Shall Not Commit Adultery Rom. 13:9

You Shall Not Steal Rom. 13:9 You Shall Not Bear False Witness Rom. 13:9 You Shall Not Covet David Watts, Sr. 89 The 10 Commandments 10 Commandments The Gospel You shall have no other

Acts 14:11-18; 1 Cor. 8:4-6 gods before Me (Ex. 20:3) You shall not make for yourself a carved image (Ex. 20:4) You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain (Ex. 20:7) Acts 17:24-25, 29; 1 Cor. 8:4; 10:7, 14; 1 Jn. 5:21 Mt. 5:33-37; Jas. 5:12 90 The 10 Commandments 10 Commandments Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. (Ex.

20:8) The Gospel NOT TAUGHT IN NT (cf. Col. 2:13-14, 16-17) Honor your father and your Eph. 6:1-3; Col. 3:20 mother (Ex. 20:12) You shall not murder (Ex. 20:13) Rom. 1:29-32; 1 Pet. 4:15; 1 Jn. 3:15 You shall not commit adultery (Ex. 20:140 Rom. 13:8-10; 1 Cor. 6:910; Heb. 13:4 91

The 10 Commandments 10 Commandments The Gospel You shall not steal (Ex. 20:15) Eph. 4:28; 1 Pet. 4:15 You shall not bear false witness (Ex. 20:16) Eph. 4:25; Col. 3:9; Rev. 21:8 You shall not covet (Ex. 20:17)

Lk. 12:15; 1 Cor. 6:9-10; Eph. 5:3-6; Col. 3:5-6 92 The Two Covenants (2 Cor. 3:1-18) Old Covenant New Covenant Epistle in ink (3:3) Epistle by the Spirit (3:3) Tables of stone (3:3, 7; cf. Ex. 31:18) Tables of flesh (3:3)

Old covenant (3:14) New covenant (3:6) The letter (3:6) The spirit (3:6) Kills (3:6) Gives life (3:6) 93 The Two Covenants (2 Cor. 3:1-18) Old Covenant New Covenant

Ministry of death (3:7) Ministry of the spirit (3:8) Was glorious (3:7) Be more glorious (3:8) Ministry of condemnation Ministry of righteousness (3:9) (3:9) Had glory (3:9) Exceeds in glory (3:9) PASSING AWAY (3:11, 13) Remains (3:11)

94 The Two Covenants (2 Cor. 3:1-18) Old Covenant New Covenant Was glorious (3:11) Much more glorious (3:11) Moses wore a veil (3:13) Great boldness of speech (3:12) Veil remains unlifted

(3:14-15) Veil taken away in Christ (3:14-15) 95 Exodus 34 V. 1: Lord saidHew Two Tables of StoneI Will Write Upon These Tables V. 4: MosesWent Up Unto Mt. SinaiAnd TookTwo Tables Of Stone V. 27: Lord SaidWrite These WordsI Have Made A Covenant WithIsrael V. 28: He Wrote Upon The Tables The Words Of The Covenant, The Ten Commandments V. 29: When Moses Came DownWith Two Tables Of TestimonyHis Face Shone V. 32: He Gave Them In Commandment All That The Lord Had SpokenIn Mt. Sinai

V. 33: He Put A Veil On His Face V. 35: Skin Of Moses Face Shone: And Moses Put The Veil Upon His Face David Watts, Sr. 96 Which Tables Of Stone? Ex. 34:29-30, 33-35: 29 Now it was so, when Moses came down from Mount Sinai that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him. 30 So when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone. 33 And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil on his face. . 35And

whenever the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses face shone, then Moses would put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with Him. 2 Cor. 3:7-8, 12-13: 7 But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, 8how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? . 12 Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech 13 unlike

Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 97 The Promise & The Law (Gal. 3:16-29) Transgressions (v. 19) Seed (v. 16) Till (v. 19) 430 years

Nation Land Seed Gen. 12:13 Under Guard (v. 23) Tutor to bring to Christ (v. 24) No Longer Under Tutor (v. 25) 98 Elements Of The Covenant Book (Ex. 24:7) Blood (Ex. 24:8) Words (Ex. 34:27-28)

Tables (Dt. 9:9; Heb. 9:4) Ark (Dt. 31:26) Mediator (Gal. 3:19) 99 10 Commandments & The Covenant Ex. 34:27-28: And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. Dt. 4:13: And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even the ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. 100 10 Commandments & The Covenant Dt. 9:9-11: When I was gone up

into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which Jehovah made with you....Jehovah gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant. 2 Chr. 6:11: And there have I set the ark, wherein is the covenant of Jehovah, which he made with the children of Israel. 101 10 Commandments & The Covenant 1 Ki. 8:9, 21: There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, when Jehovah made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt....And there have I set a place for

the ark, wherein is the covenant of Jehovah, which he made with our fathers, when he brought them out of the land of Egypt. 102 Two Laws 2 Ki. 21:8: and I will not make the feet of Israel wander anymore from the land which I gave their fathers -- only if they are careful to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that My servant Moses commanded them.

2 Chr. 33:8: and I will not again remove the foot of Israel from the land which I have appointed for your fathers -- only if they are careful to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses. 103 Law Of God = Law Of Moses God Gave Moses Gave

The law of Moses (Ezra 7:6) Gods Law (Neh. 10:29) The book of the law of Moses (Neh. 8:1) The book of the law of the Lord (2 Chr. 34:14) 104 Law Of God = Law Of Moses Ezra 7:6: 6 this Ezra came up from Babylon; and he was a skilled scribe in the Law of Moses, which the Lord God of Israel had given. Ezra 7:12: 12 Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, a scribe of

the Law of the God of heaven: Perfect peace, and so forth. 105 Law Of God = Law Of Moses Luke 2:22-24, 27: 22 Now when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord ), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons. .27 And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law. 106 Law Of God = Law Of Moses

The Book of the Law of the Lord given by Moses (2 Chr. 34:14) The words of the book of the covenant (2 Chr. 34:30) The Book of the Law (2 Chr. 34:15) The Law (2 Chr. 34:19) The words of the covenant that were written in this book (2 Chr. 34:31) The book (2 Chr. 34:21, 24)

The covenant of God (2 Chr. 34:32) The word of the Lord (2 Chr. 34:21) The Book of Moses (2 Chr. 35:12) This book (2 Chr. 34:21) The Law of the Lord (2 Chr. 35:26) 107 Law Of God = Law Of Moses (Nehemiah 8)

The Book of the Law of Moses (8:1) The Law (8:2, 7) The Book of the Law (8:3) The Book (8:5) The Book in the Law of God (8:8) The Words of the Law (8:9, 13) The Words (8:12) The Law which the Lord had Commanded by Moses (8:14) The Book of the Law of God (8:18) 108 A Distinction Without

A Difference Given By God Given By Moses Ex. 34:27 The Covenant Dt. 29:1 Ezra 7:6; Lk. 2:23-24 The Law Lk. 2:22

Ex. 31:18; Mt. 15:4 10 Commandments Mk. 7:10 "And they found written in the law which the Lord had commanded by Moses...." (Neh 8:14) 109 The Law Of God & Moses The law of God contained ceremonial laws (2 Chr. 31:3-4; Neh. 8:14, 18; Lk. 2:23-24) The law of Moses contained moral laws (Ex. 22:21-22; Lev. 10:16-18; 19:1-37; Mt. 22:34-40)

The law is called the law of God, because He was the Author of it It is called the law of Moses, because he was the mediator of it (Dt. 5:5; Gal. 3:19; Jn. 1:17) 110 The Law Of God Ceremonial laws Burnt Offerings (2 Chr. 31:3) Rituals for cleanliness (Lk. 2:22-24) Feasts and new moons (2 Chr. 31:3) Feast of tabernacles (Neh. 8:8, 14). The Law Of Moses

Ten Commandments Honor Father & Mother (Mk. 7:10; Mt. 15:4) 111 Old Covenant Replaced Christ came to free the Jews from the bondage of the law (Gal. 4:17) The old covenant has been cast out (Gal. 4:21-31) The law of commandments contained in ordinances has been abolished (Eph. 2:11-18) 112 The Two Covenants (Gal. 4:21-31) Old Covenant

New Covenant Handmaid (4:22) Freewoman (4:22) Son by handmaid (4:23) Son by freewoman (4:23) Born through promise Born after the flesh (4:23) (4:23) Covenant from Mt. Sinai (4:24) [Covenant from Mt. Zion] (Heb. 12:22)

113 The Two Covenants (Gal. 4:21-31) Old Covenant New Covenant Children unto bondage (4:24) Children of promise (4:28) Hagar (4:24) Our mother (4:26) Jerusalem that now is (4:25)

Jerusalem that is above (4:26) Bondage (4:25) Free (4:26) 114 The Two Covenants (Gal. 4:21-31) Old Covenant New Covenant Born after the flesh (4:29) Born after the Spirit (4:29) Persecutor (4:29)

Persecuted (4:29) CAST OUT the handmaid Son of the freewoman and her son (4:30) inherits (4:30) We are not children of a handmaid (4:31) We are children of the freewoman (4:31) 115 Eph. 2:11-17 Without Christ Aliens from Israel Strangers No hope Without God The Enmity =

The Law Gentiles Jews 116 Eph. 2:11-17 Brought near Made both one One new man from two Peace Reconciled to God in one body Access by one Spirit to the Father Gentiles & Jews

117 Old Covenant Replaced The bond written in ordinances has been nailed to the cross (Col. 2:1317) The change in the priesthood demanded a change in the law (Heb. 7:11-14) The law of a carnal commandment has been disannulled (Heb. 7:16-19) The law was a shadow of good things to come (Heb. 8:4-5) 118 The Two Circumcisions (Col. 2:11-12) Literal Circumcision Spiritual Circumcision

Made with hands (Eph. 2:11) Made without hands Outward, of the flesh Inward, of the heart (Rom. 2:28-29; Phil. 3:2-3) The foreskin (Lev. 12:3) The body of the flesh Circumcision of Abraham and Moses Circumcision of Christ

Dead Through Trespasses Made alive 119 Handwriting Of Requirements Is The Law Of Moses This handwriting contained ordinances or requirements (Col. 2:14) The parallel passage (Eph. 2:14-18) points to the law of Moses Pauls subsequent admonitions concern Jewish rituals

(Col. 2:16-17) 120 Parallel Passages Col 2:13-15: 13And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses, 14having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

Eph 2:14-18: 14For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, 15having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, 16and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity. 121 How Was The Law

Against Us? It required perfect obedience (Lev. 18:5; Dt. 27:26; Neh. 9:29; Ezek. 20:11, 13, 21; Rom. 10:5; Gal. 3:1012) It was weak through the flesh (Rom. 8:1-3) It could not provide true forgiveness (Heb. 9:11-15; 10:1-4) 122 Inadequacy Of The Law Weak through the flesh (Rom. 8:3) Ministration of death and condemnation (2 Cor. 3:7, 9) Brought a curse to those who didnt keep it (Gal. 3:10) Could not give life (Gal. 3:21) Separated Jew and Gentile (Eph. 2:14-16) 123

Inadequacy Of The Law Weak and unprofitable and made nothing perfect (Heb. 7:18-19) Faulty (Heb. 8:7) Sacrifices could not make the worshipper perfect (Heb. 9:6-10) Sacrifices could not take away sin (Heb. 10:1-4, 11) 124 Why? Circumcised with Christs circumcision (2:11) Handwriting of ordinances wiped out and taken away

(2:14) Principalities and powers disarmed (2:15) Jewish rituals merely a shadow of things to come (2:17; cf. Heb. 10:1) 125 Shadow Vs. Substance A shadow is less significant than the object which causes it. A shadow is temporary, lasting until the substance arrives in view. A shadow is inferior in that it imperfectly resembles the object. No one prefers the shadow to the

substance. Thus the reality is of more significance and value than the shadow. The shadow is anticipatory. (Richard Melick, Jr., Colossians, NAC, 32:268) 126 Shadow & Substance (Col. 2:16-17) Old Covenant New Covenant Physical Birth New Birth (Jn. 3:3, 5) Physical Circumcision

Spiritual Circumcision (Rom. 2:28-29; Col. 2:1112) Physical Nation Holy Nation (1 Pet. 2:9) Physical Temple Spiritual Temple (Eph. 2:21-22; 1 Pet. 2:5) 127 Shadow & Substance (Col. 2:16-17) Old Covenant New Covenant

Physical Kingdom Spiritual Kingdom (Jn. 18:36; Rom. 14:17) Special Priesthood Priesthood of All Believers (1 Pet. 2:5, 9) Animal Sacrifices Living Sacrifices (Rom. 12:1-2) Worship in Jerusalem Worship in Spirit & Truth (Jn. 4:22-24) 128

Shadow & Substance (Col. 2:16-17) Old Covenant New Covenant Blood of Animals Blood of Christ (Heb. 9:11-14; 10:4) Countless Sacrifices (Heb. 10:1) One Sacrifice (Heb. 9:28; 10:10, 12) Could not Make Perfect

(Heb. 10:11) Sanctified & Perfected (Heb. 10:14) 129 Old Covenant Replaced The old covenant has been replaced by a new covenant (Heb. 8:6-13) The first was taken away to establish the second (Heb. 10:1-10) The old covenant has been removed (Heb. 12:18-29) 130 For You Have Not Come To Mt. Sinai (Ex. 19:12-19; 20:18)

18 the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, 19and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. (Heb. 12:18-19) 131 But You Have Come To 22 Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than

that of Abel. (Heb. 12:22-24) 132 Do Not Refuse Him Who Speaks 25See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven, 26whose voice then shook the earth; but now He has promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not only the earth, but also heaven. (Heb. 12:25-26) 133 Do Not Refuse Him Who Speaks 27Now this, Yet once more, indicates the removal of those things that are

being shaken, as of things that are made, that the things which cannot be shaken may remain. 28Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. 29For our God is a consuming fire. (Heb. 12:27-29) 134 Sabbath Regulations No cooking (Ex. 16:23) No leaving the home (Ex. 16:29) No work done (Ex. 20:8-10; Dt. 5:1214; Neh. 13:15) No burdens borne (Jer. 17:21-22) No fires kindled (Ex. 35:3) 135 Sabbath Regulations

Two lambs sacrificed every Sabbath (Num. 28:9-10) Shewbread prepared every Sabbath (Lev. 24:5-9; 1 Chr. 9:32) No buying and selling (Neh. 10:31; 13:16-18) City gates locked (Neh. 13:19-22) Violators put to death (Ex. 31:14-15; 35:2; Num. 15:32-36) 136 The Sabbath Patriarchal Age Mosaic Age Christian Age No command to observe

Command to observe (Ex. 20:8-11) No command to observe No example of observance Example of observance No example of observance No penalty for non-observance Penalty for

non-observance (Num. 15:32-36) No penalty for non-observance 137 Answering Sabbatarian Arguments 138 Sabbatarian Assumptions Commandments = 10 Commandments (cf. 1 Cor. 14:37) Law = Law of Moses (cf. 1 Cor. 9:2021) 139

A Closer Look At Gen 2:3 KJV: And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Does It Say Did God Bless Would Rest? Before He Rested? Was Resting? While He Was Resting? Had Rested? After He Had Rested?

Dt. 5:15; Ezek. 20:10-12; Neh. 9:13-14 David Watts, Sr. 140 Gen. 2:2-3 Does Not Say The seventh day of creation week was called the Sabbath God commanded Adam and Eve to keep the Sabbath (cf. Neh. 9:13-14) God commanded anyone to keep the Sabbath God sanctified the seventh day at that time (Prolepsis: Gen. 3:20; 4:20; Mt. 10:4) 141 Prolepsis ANTICIPATION: as a: the representation

or assumption of a future act or development as if presently existing or accomplished. (Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary) Example: Jn. 11:1-2 & 12:1-5 142 God Sanctified The Sabbath (Gen. 2:3)

Tabernacle (Ex. 29:44) Altar (Ex. 29:44) Breast of wave offering (Ex. 29:27) Passover (Joel 1:14) Firstborn (Num. 8:17) Solomons temple (2 Chr. 7:16) 143 Patriarchs Kept Sabbath Passages do not mention the Sabbath or the Ten Commandments Sinai covenant not made with the fathers (Dt. 5:2-3)

Sabbath made known at Sinai (Neh. 9:1314) If patriarchs kept Sabbath, this does not prove that Christians should keep it today Circumcision (Gen. 17:10-14; Gal. 6:15 Animal sacrifices (Gen. 22:13; ) 144 Remember The Sabbath (Ex. 20:8) God had already told the Israelites to keep a Sabbath day (Ex. 16:23, 25-26, 29)

God told the Israelites to remember the Passover (Ex. 13:3) The Israelites could not have kept the Passover before the Exodus The Israelites were to remember both the Passover and the Sabbath in the future 145 Sabbath Unto Jehovah (Ex. 20:10) Unto Jehovah

Animal sacrifice (Ex. 24:5) Blood of atonement (Ex. 30:10) Ransom money (Ex. 30:12) Meat offering (Lev. 23:13) Incense (Lev. 24:9) Nazarite vow (Num. 6:2) Drink offering (Num. 15:7) Tribute of the spoil (Num. 31:28) Should Christians Do These Things Today?

146 Sabbath Holy To The Lord (Ex. 31:15) Altar of incense (Ex. 30:10) Wave offerings (Lev. 23:22) Field released in Jubilee (Lev. 27:21) Devoted offerings (Lev. 27:28) Tithe (Lev. 27:30, 32) A Bin re T

din he Nazarite (Num. 6:8) g T se od Levites (2 Chr. 35:3) ay ? Male child (Lk. 2:23) 147 Sabbath Holy To The Lord (Ex. 31:15)

Altar of incense (Ex. 30:10) Wave offerings (Lev. 23:22) Field released in Jubilee (Lev. 27:21) Devoted offerings (Lev. 27:28) Tithe (Lev. 27:30, 32) A Bin re T din he Nazarite (Num. 6:8) g T se od Levites (2 Chr. 35:3) ay ? Male child (Lk. 2:23) 148 Forever Or Everlasting (owlam)

Gesenius: "(A) pr. what is hidden; specially hidden time, long; the beginning or end of which is either uncertain or else not defined; eternity, perpetuity. It is used -- (1) of time long past, antiquity ....(2) It more often refers to future time, in such a manner, that what is called the terminus ad quem, is always defined from the nature of the thing itself. When it is applied to human affairs, and specially -- (a) to individual men, it commonly signifies all the days of life....Elsewhere -- (b) it belongs to a whole race (dynasty), or people, and it comprehends all the time until their destruction....(c) the metaphysical idea of eternity (Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon of the Old Testament, #5769, pp. 612-613) 149 Forever Or Everlasting (owlam)

ISBE: In the OT, the Heb word `olam is used for eternity, sometimes in the sense of unlimited duration, sometimes in the sense of a cycle or an age.... (Vol. 2, p. 1010) Strong: prop. concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; gen. time out of mind (past or fut.), i.e. (practically) eternity; freq. adv. (espec. with prep. pref.) always.... (Hebrew And Chaldee Dictionary, #5769, p. 86) Young: Age, age-lasting Concordance, p. 310)

(Young's Analytical 150 Forever Or Everlasting (owlam) John W. Haley: ...the Hebrew word olam rendered forever, does not imply the metaphysical idea of absolute endlessness, but a period of indefinite length, as Rambach says, a very long time, the end of which is hidden from us. (Alleged Discrepancies Of The Bible, p. 216) 151 Forever Things Can Cease Forever Gen. 17:11-14

Ex. 12:14 Cease Circumcision Passover Gal. 5:1-6; 6:15 Col. 2:16-17 Ex. 29:9; 40:15; Num. 25:13 Aaronic Priesthood Heb. 7:11-17 Lev. 16:29, 31, 34; 23:31 Day Of Atonement Heb. 9:23-28;

10:1-12, 18 152 Forever Things Can Cease Forever Cease Psa. 119:151-152, 160 Righteous Ordinances Gal. 3:24-25; Heb. 9:10 Gen. 13:14-17; 17: 7-8; 1 Chr. 16:1618; Psa. 105:9-11

Land Possession Dt. 28:45-46; 1 Chr. 28:9 Sabbath Col. 2:16-17 Ex. 31:16-17 Psa. 78:69; Eccl. 1:4 Earth 2 Pet. 3:7, 10-12 153

Throughout Your Generations Circumcision (Gen. 17:9-10; cf. Gal. 6:15) Passover (Ex. 12:14, 42) Daily Burnt Offering (Ex. 29:38-42) Burning Incense (Ex. 30:7-9) Are Day of Atonement (Ex. 30:10)

The Bin se ding Anointing Oil (Ex. 30:31) Tod Pentecost (Lev. 23:15-21) ay? Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:39-44) Tassels on Garments (Num. 15:38) Etc. 154 Perpetual Things

Aaronic priesthood (Ex. 29:9) Burning incense (Ex. 30:7-8) Are These Sabbath (Ex. 31:16) Eating fat & blood (Lev. 3:17) Binding Today? Shewbread (Lev. 24:5-9) Levites common land (Lev. 25:34) Water of purification (Num. 19:21) 155 Sabbath Kept By Gentiles (Isa. 56:1-8) Is salvation (56:1) under the Messiah or under Cyrus? (cf. Isa. 41:2; 45:13; 46:13)

Instructions for: Jews (56:2) Eunuchs (56:3-5) Gentile proselytes (56:3, 6) I will bring to My holy mountain (56:7)

If this requires Sabbath keeping today, it also requires animal sacrifices (56:7) 156 Isa. 56:7-8 Son of the foreigner Join himself to the Lord (55:3) Serve the Lord (55:6) Love the name of the Lord (55:6) Be his servants (55:6) Keeps from defiling my Sabbath (55:6) Holds fast my covenant (55:6) Gentile proselytes to Judaism Bring to holy mountain

(56:7) Make them joyful in My house of prayer (56:7) Burnt offerings and sacrifices accepted (56:7) Be circumcised (Ex. 12:48) Keep Day of Atonement (Lev. 16:29) Keep Sabbath (Lev. 25:6) Offer burnt offering (Num. 15:4) 157 Trying To Proof SabbathKeeping From Isaiah 66 Assumptions: New Heavens & New Earth Means The Eternal State

From One Sabbath To Another Means Observing Succeeding Sabbaths From One Sabbath Means Sabbath Observance Now, But From One New Moon Doesnt Mean New Moon Observance Now TOO MANY ASSUMPTIONS! David Watts, Sr. 158 Jesus Didnt Come To Destroy The Law Or The Prophets Jesus came to fulfill (Mt. 5:17)

Nothing would pass away from the law till all is fulfilled (Mt. 5:18) Jesus accomplished the work God sent Him to do (Jn. 17:4) Therefore, Jesus fulfilled the law, and the law could be destroyed 159 Jesus Didnt Come To Destroy The Law Or The Prophets Jesus didnt come to destroy the law or the prophets till all is fulfilled (Mt. 5:1718) All has been fulfilled (Lk. 24:44-48; Jn. 19:28; Acts 3:18) Therefore, the law and the prophets have been replaced (Gal. 3:19, 16, 23-25) 160 Jesus Didnt Come To Destroy

The Law Or The Prophets Jesus didnt come to destroy the law or the prophets till all is fulfilled (Mt. 5:1718) The law and the prophets have been replaced (Gal. 3:19, 16, 23-25) Therefore, all has been fulfilled (Lk. 24:44-48; Jn. 19:28; Acts 3:18) 161 Christians Keeping Sabbath (Mt. 24:20; Mk. 13:18) Pray Flight Not In Winter Pray Flight Not On Sabbath City shut down (Jer. 17:21-22)

City gates locked (Neh. 13:15-22) No assistance from Jews Danger from Jewish Zealots Hesitancy among Jewish Christians (cf. Ex. 16:29; Acts 1:12) 162 Mark 2:27-28 Mark 2:27

Tells Mark 2:28 Tells Why The Sabbath Was Given Under The Old Law Christs Authority Over The Sabbath Not Whether The Sabbath Is Commanded Under Christs New Law

David Watts, Sr. 163 Law Holy, Just & Good Rom. 7:12: Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good. Was the ceremonial law holy, just, & good? If No: A holy God gave an unholy law If Yes: A holy law was replaced David Watts, Sr.

164 Keep The Commandments Mt. 19:17 Jn. 14:15, 21 Jn. 15:10 1 Cor. 7:19 1 Jn. 2:3, 4

1 Jn. 3:22, 24 1 Jn. 5:2, 3 Rev. 12:17 Rev. 14:12 Rev. 22:14 Assumes commandments = ten commandments God has other commandments 1 Cor. 14:37 1 Cor. 9:20-21 David Watts, Sr.

165 Keep Whole Law (Jas. 2:10) James quotes ceremonial law (Lev. 19:18; Jas. 2:8) James doesnt quote Sabbath command Law is the law of liberty (Jas. 2:12) Christians are not under the law of Moses but under law to Christ (1 Cor. 9:20-21)

David Watts, Sr. 166 Jesus Kept The Sabbath (Lk. 4:14-16) Jesus lived under old covenant (Gal. 4:4) We are not under old covenant today (Rom. 7:4, 6, 7) Jesus also: Circumcised (Lk. 2:21) Kept Passover (Mt.26:17-25) Paid Temple Tax (Mt. 17:24-27)

Offered Sacrifices (Lk. 2:22-24) Visited Jerusalem on Holy Days (Lk. 2:4147) Should Christians today do all that Jesus did? 167 When Was Jesus Raised? Tomb empty on first day (Lk. 24:1) Son of Man rise on third day (Lk. 24:7) Two disciples traveling that same day (Lk.

24:13) Today is the third day (Lk. 24:21) Christ rise the third day (Lk. 24:46) 168 When Was Jesus Raised? Three days and three nights (Mt. 12:40)

The third day (Mt.16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Mk. 9:31; 10:34; Lk. 9:22; 13:32; 18:33; 24:7, 46; 1 Cor. 15:4) In three days (Mt. 26:61; Jn. 2:19-21) On the third day (Acts 10:40) After three days (Mt. 27:63; Mk. 8:31) 169 How Long Was

Jesus In The Tomb? Matthew Mark Luke John in three days (2:1920) three days and three nights (12:40) the third after three day (16:21) days (8:31)

the third day (9:22) the third the third day (17:23) day (9:31) 170 How Long Was Jesus In The Tomb? Matthew Mark Luke John the third day

(13:32) the third the third the third day (20:19) day (10:34) day (18:33) in three days (26:61) within three days (14:58) in three days (27:40) in three days (15:29)

171 How Long Was Jesus In The Tomb? Matthew Mark Luke John After three days (27:63) until the third day (27:64) the third

day (24:7) the third day (24:21) 172 How Long Was Jesus In The Tomb? Matthew Mark Luke John the third day (24:46) Other Passages

on the third day (Acts 10:40) the third day (1 Cor. 15:4) 173 A Part Counted As A Whole The starving servant (1 Sam. 30:12-13) Israel (1 Ki. 12:5, 12; 2 Chr. 10:5, 12) Esther (Est. 4:16; 5:1)

The faithless Jews (Mt. 27:63-64) Cornelius (Acts 10:3, 9, 23, 24, 30) Eleazar ben Azariah [AD 100]: A day and night are an Onah [a portion of time] and the portion of an Onah is as the whole of it. (Jerusalem Talmud: Shabbath ix. 3) 174 Women Kept The Sabbath (Lk. 23:56)

The law was nailed to the cross (Col. 2:14-17) These women were following the only law they knew A testament becomes effective at the death of the testator (Heb. 9:15-17) One cannot follow the instructions of a will until it is read

Jesus did not reveal all of His instructions during His lifetime (Jn. 16:12-15) 175 Paul Kept The Sabbath (Acts 13:14, 42, 44; 16:13; 17:2; 18:4) Paul was preaching on the Sabbath, not keeping the Sabbath Paul was preaching to non-Christians If I preach on Monday, does that mean that I keep Monday as a holy day? Pauls actions (1 Cor. 9:20-23) Pauls teaching (Col. 2:14-17) 176

Jewish Christians & The Law Peter and John went to the temple at the hour of prayer (Acts 3:1) Paul had Timothy circumcised (Acts 16:1-3) Paul cut his hair and took a vow in Cenchrea (Acts 18:18) Paul kept a Jewish feast in Jerusalem (Acts 18:21)

Paul wanted to be in Jerusalem for Pentecost (Acts 20:16) Paul sponsored four men who had taken a vow (Acts 21:20-26; 24:18) 177 Gentile Christians & The Law The NT clearly teaches that the old covenant has been replaced Peter lived as a Gentile among Gentiles (Gal. 2:11-14) The law was not to be bound on Gentiles (Acts 15:19-21, 24, 28-29;

21:25; Col. 2:13-23) Paul became as a Jew to win Jews (1 Cor. 9:19-23) 178 Evidence For Roman Time Luke was a Gentile, not a Jew (Col. 4:11-14) Troas was a Gentile city, not a Jewish city Asia was a Gentile nation, not a Jewish nation

If Gentile time was used, Paul did what he intended to do (Acts 20:7b, 11) 179 Acts 20:7, 11 (Jewish Time: Sunset to Sunset) Saints assemble Paul preaches Saturday 6:00 p.m. 1st Day Begins

Saturday 12:00 a.m. 1st Day Continues Paul departs Sunday 6:00 a.m. 1st Day Continues Paul intended to depart on the morrow Paul departed on the same day 180 Acts 20:7, 11 (Roman Time: Midnight to Midnight) Saints assemble Paul preaches

Sunday 6:00 p.m. 1st Day Continues Monday 12:00 a.m. 2nd Day Begins Paul departs Monday 6:00 a.m. 2nd Day Continues Paul intended to depart on the morrow Paul departed on the morrow 181

Scripture The law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms (Lk. 24:44-45) Luke (1 Tim. 5:18 & Lk. 10:7) The epistles of Paul (2 Pet. 3:15-16) All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work. (2 Tim. 3:16-17) 16 182 The Law Genesis (1 Cor. 14:34;

The Pentateuch (Lk. Exodus (Lk. 2:23; Rom. Psalms (Jn. 10:34; Leviticus (Mt. 22:36-40; Isaiah (Jn. 12:34; Rom.

Ezekiel (Ezek. 37:25) The ten commandments Gal. 4:21) 7:7) Lk. 2:22, 24; 10:26-27; Jn. 8:5; 19:7; Gal. 5:14; Heb. 10:8) Numbers (Mt. 12:5;

Deuteronomy (Mt. Heb. 7:5) 22:36-37; Lk. 10:26-27; Jn. 8:5, 17; Rom. 7:7; 1 Cor. 9:8-9; Gal. 3:10; Heb. 10:28; Jas. 2:9) 24:44) 12:34; 15:25; Rom. 3:919) 3:9-19; 1 Cor. 14:21) (Rom. 7:7; Jas. 2:10-11) 183

The Law BAGD: 4. of a collection of holy writings precious to the Jews a. in the strict sense the law = the Pentateuch, the work of Moses the lawgiver. b. in the wider sense = Holy Scripture gener., on the principle that the most authoritative part gives its name to the whole: J 10:34 (Ps 81:6); 12:34 (Ps 109:4; Is 9:6; Da 7:14); 15:25 (Ps 34:19; 68:5); 1 Cor 14:21 (Is 28:11f); Ro 3:19 (preceded by a cluster of quotations fr Psalms and prophets). Mt 5:18; Lk. 10:26; 16:17; J 7:49. (543) 184 The Law Joseph Thayer: by metonymy ho nomos, the name of the more important part (i.e. the Pentateuch), is put for the entire collection of the sacred books of

the O.T.: Jn. vii. 49; x. 34 (Ps. lxxx.) (lxxxii.) 6; Jn. xii. 34 (Ps. cix. (cx.) 4; Dan. (Theodot.) ii. 44; vii. 14); Jn. xv. 25 (Ps. xxxiv. (xxxv.) 19; lxviii. (lxis.) 15; Ro. iii. 19; 1 Co. xiv. 21 (Is. xxviii. 11 sq.; so 2 Macc. ii. 18 where cf. Grimm). (428) 185 The Law W. E. Vine: (c) of the Mosaic Law, the Law of Sinai. (d) by metonymy, of the books which contain the law, (1) of the Pentateuch, e.g., Matt. 5:17; 12:5; Luke 16:16; 24:44; John 1:45; Rom. 3:21; Gal. 3:10; (2) of the Psalms, John 10:34; 15:25; of the Psalms, Isaiah, Ezekiel and Daniel, 12:34; the Psalms and Isaiah, Rom. 3:19 (with vv. 10-18); Isaiah, 1 Cor. 14:21; from all this it may be inferred that the law in the most comprehensive sense was an

alternative title to The Scriptures. (644) 186 A Sabbath-Rest Remains (Heb. 4:9) A promise, not a command (Heb. 4:1) A promise for believers (Heb. 4:3) A rest after the weekly Sabbath was being observed under Joshua (Heb. 4:8)

A rest remaining (Heb. 4:1, 6, 9) A rest when work has ceased (Heb. 4:10) A rest to be entered (Heb. 4:11) Heaven is a place of rest (cf. 2 Th. 1:7; Rev. 7:14-17; 14:13) 187 God rested Not Enter Rest

Sabbath C Gen. 2:2 M Psa. 95:11 J D Ex. 20:8 Rest Remaining Canaan Josh. 1:15; 22:4

Heb. 4:9 Rev. 7:16-17; 14:13 188 A Sabbath-Rest Remains (Heb. 4:9) There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. Let us labour therefore to enter that rest (Heb 4:9, 11) This sabbath rest is obviously in the future So will this occur on this coming

sabbath??? 189 Christs New Covenant Contains some requirements that were in the old covenant Contains some requirements that were not in the old covenant Does not contain a commandment to keep the Sabbath

David Watts, Sr. 190 Extra Slides 191 The Apostleship Of Paul Saw the Lord (Acts 22:14-15; 26:1617; 1 Cor. 9:1) A unique case (1 Cor. 15:8-9) Apostle to the Gentiles (Rom. 11:13; Gal. 2:8-9; 2 Tim. 1:11) Equal to the other apostles (2 Cor. 11:5; 12:11) Revelation from Christ (1 Cor. 15:13; Gal. 1:11-12) 192 The Apostleship Of Paul Claimed apostleship in several

epistles (Rom. 1:1; 1 Cor. 1:1; 2 Cor. 1:1; Gal. 1:1; Eph. 1:1; Col. 1:1; 1 Tim. 1:1; 2 Tim. 1:1; Tit. 1:1) Performed the signs of an apostle (Rom. 15:18-19; 2 Cor. 12:12) Taught the commandments of the Lord (Acts 15:35; 1 Cor. 14:37; 1 Th. 2:13; 2 Th. 2:15) 193 The Apostleship Of Paul Epistles called Scripture (2 Pet. 3:15-16) Imparted miraculous power (Acts 19:1-6; Rom. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:6) The last to see Christ (1 Cor. 15:8-9) 194 Questioning

Pauls Apostleship Questions the testimony of: Paul (1 Cor. 9:1) Peter (2 Pet. 3:15-16) Ananias (Acts 22:12-16) Jesus (Acts 9:15-16; 26:15-18)

Luke 195 Purpose Of The Law Brought knowledge of sin (Rom. 3:20) Came in that trespass might abound (Rom. 5:20) Made sin known (Rom. 7:7)

Highlighted sinfulness of sin (Rom. 7:12-13) Schoolmaster to bring Jews to Christ (Gal. 3:24) Carnal ordinances imposed until a time of reformation (Heb. 9:10) Shadow of the good things to come (Heb. 10:1) 196 The Value Of The OT

Its creation account explains origins (Gen. 1 & 2) Its history provides the background for the NT Its revelation of God enlightens (Psa. 119:15, 27) Its prophecies confirm (Jn. 5:46-47; Lk. 24:44-47; 2 Pet. 1:19) 197 The Value Of The OT Its principles instruct (Rom. 15:4; Dt. 25:4; 1 Cor. 9:7-12; 1 Tim. 5:17-18) Its examples warn and teach (1 Cor. 10:6, 11) Its types and shadows illuminate (Heb. 10:1) Its message makes us wise unto salvation (2 Tim. 3:14-15) 198

First Day Of Week Feast of Pentecost (Lev. 23:15-16) Resurrection of Jesus (Lk. 24:1, 13, 21, 46) Holy Spirit baptism on Pentecost (Acts 2:1-4) Beginning of the church (Acts 2:41-42, 47) Lords Supper observance in Troas (Acts 20:7) Collection of the saints (1 Cor. 16:1-2)

John's vision of the Lord (Rev. 1:10-20) 199 For I am the LORD, I do not SDA Contention: change; Therefore you are not God gave the consumed, O sons of Jacob. Sabbath; God Malachi 3:6 (NKJV) doesnt change; therefore the Sabbath is still binding today!

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