Advanced Placement Government & Politics Exam Review 2017 AP Gov Exam: The Basics Essential Question: How is the exam structured? Two sections: 1. Multiple Choice = 60 questions in 45 minutes. (50% of Exam)
2. Free Response Questions = 4 F.R.Q.s in 100 minutes (think 25 minutes each) (50% of exam) Multiple Choice Question Structure Each multiple choice question contains a stem and 5 distractors.
For example: In the organization of government, federalism is illustrated best by a. Presidents power as commander-in-chief b. Separation of powers between the US Congress and US Supreme Court c. Representation system for electing Senators d. Qualifications for the office of President e. The Federal Bureaucracy Free Response Question
Structure Questions have a stem and several structured prompts. Each is worth different points. Its all in the VERBS!!!!!! Example: (F.R.Q. # 4 from 2012 exam) Interest groups seek to influence political processes in ways that benefit their members. In doing so, however, they may not act in the overall public interest. (a) Describe two techniques interest groups use to influence elections. (2 pts) (b) Explain how interest groups use each of the following to influence government decision making. (2 pts) Issue networks (also known as iron triangles) Amicus curiae briefs
(c) Explain how each of the following serves to limit interest group influence. (2 pts) The media Pluralism How is the Exam Scored? Multiple Choice Section: (60 questions = 60 possible points) Total score awarded based on number of questions answered correctly No points deducted for incorrect answers No points awarded for unanswered questions
How is the Exam Scored? (continued) Free Response Section: (4 Free Response Questions = 60 possible points) Points vary by question, but each response is worth 15 total points (4 x 15 = 60) Points awarded for correct written responses to structured prompts
Responses assessed by two trained readers Scoring criteria is specific to each prompt FRQ responses are normed to ensure fairness and consistency of scores What is on the exam? I. Constitutional Underpinnings of United States Government (515% ) Considerations that influenced the formulation and adoption of the Constitution Separation of powers Federalism Theories of democratic government
II. Political Beliefs and Behaviors (1020% ) Beliefs that citizens hold about their government and its leaders Processes by which citizens learn about politics The nature, sources, and consequences of public opinion The ways in which citizens vote and otherwise participate in political life Factors that influence citizens to differ from one another in terms of political beliefs and behaviors What is on the exam? (continued) III. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media (1020%) Political parties and elections Functions
Organization Development Effects on the political process Electoral laws and systems Interest groups, including political action committees (PACs) The range of interests represented The activities of interest groups The effects of interest groups on the political process The unique characteristics and roles of PACs in the political process The mass media The functions and structures of the media The impacts of media on politics
What is on the exam? (continued) IV. Institutions of National Government: The Congress, the Presidency, the Bureaucracy, and the Federal Courts (3545% ) The major formal and informal institutional arrangements of power Relationships among these four institutions and varying balances of power Linkages between institutions and the following: Public opinion and voters Interest groups Political parties The media
Subnational governments What is on the exam? (continued) V. Public Policy (515% ) Policymaking in a federal system The formation of policy agendas The role of institutions in the enactment of policy The role of the bureaucracy and the courts in policy implementation and interpretation Linkages between policy processes and the following: Political institutions and federalism Political parties Interest groups
Public opinion Elections Policy networks What is on the exam? (continued) VI. Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (515%) The development of civil liberties and civil rights by judicial interpretation Knowledge of substantive rights and liberties The impact of the Fourteenth Amendment on
the constitutional development of rights and liberties Multiple Choice Strategies Pace Yourself 60 in 45 You have 0 points; start earning some! Do not spend too much time on a question Skip & come back later; Circle the questions you skip No magic arrangement : random Do not waste time on difficult questions
You may do three instead of one!!! Multiple Choice Strategies (continued) Do not be afraid to write in the test book Only the answer sheet will be graded Write all over and make notes Finding wrong answers is important; cross out eliminated answers Mark-up the graphs Do whatever it takes to get the correct answer
Do not think too hard There are easy questions & there are hard questions, in no particular order Do not overanalyze the simple ones If it looks easyit probably is easy Do not assume trick questions Take Educated Guesses No penalty subtracted for wrong
answers No points given for blanks either Guess on the ones that you have narrowed down Read the Questions Carefully Look for Key Phrases Notand except questionslook for the false answer Mark each answer T or F
Look for Key Vocabulary Words Read answers of graph questions first Roman Numerals T or F (rumored to be phased out) Look closely at the answers On the Hard Questions Fit words and phrases together Knowing the wrong answers is as
important as knowing the right ones Keep an handle on the time Do not be overly concerned if you do not finish Now You Try!!! Use the strategies you have just learned to take the sample multiple choice test. Make note of questions/terms you
know. Make note of questions/terms you DONT know. Use this to know what you should brush up on. Generate Questions- Ask me for Doing the FRQ! Firsttips to maximizing your score Looking at the Free Response 4 in 10025 Minutes Each You have 0 points; start earning some!
Read each question before writing Underline key terms/phrases/tasks Write your strongest answer first You do not have to answer them in order Briefly outline each question: KISS Jot down all appropriate terminology Analyze the Question How many partsusually more than oneusually identified If it asks for twogive two Look at the graph, table, or cartoon
Try to get a handle on the question Do what the questions ask Pay Attention to Directions Define or identify Describefactual statements Explainwhy or how & close the loop Why .because How. by Compare (positive or negative)
Must address BOTH items in a comparison to earn the point Other Key Points Use the organization of the question to organize the answer Write clearly and succinctly Use black (preferable) or blue ink NEVER USE A PENCIL
Key Points.continued Try to answer every question Pace yourself. Do not get long winded. Do not use slang or colloquialisms Do not name-drop or data-drop Be careful of number, ratios, percentages Do not cite authors or textbooks BIG POINT Do not editorialize! The Readers DO NOT CARE
what you think. They want to see what you know. Avoid political bias, prejudices, political pontification. Format Five Paragraph Essay not necessary, nor is a thesis sentence unless the question asks for it Clearly written paragraphs with appropriate vocabulary
Do not embellish. It is not necessary. Once again: ANSWER THE QUESTION!!!! Other Formatting No points are deducted for misspelled words, comma splices, punctuation, or other grammar Legibility is crucial. If you have terrible handwriting, print the answer. Now you try to answer
the practice FRQ Use your hints sheet if you forget what to do first Try to answer every part of the question look for the verbs Think, Pair, Share Sample FRQ There are several different approaches to representation within a democratic political system. 1 pt. (a) Define direct democracy. 1 pt. (b) Define republican form of government. 1 pt.
2 pts. 1 pt. (c) Describe one reason the framers of the United States Constitution chose a republican form of government over a direct democracy. (d) Describe each of the models of congressional representation. Trustee model (attitudinal view) Delegate mode (representational view) (e) Explain why a member of Congress might sometimes act as a trustee (attitudinal view) rather than a
delegate (representational view). 6 points Question 1 There are several different approaches to representation within a democratic political system. 1 pt. (a) Define direct democracy. One point is earned for a correct definition of direct democracy: Rule by the people Can be said in a variety of ways
+ + Individual participation on legislation/policy OR Making decisions without delegating authority to elected representatives Rule by people not enough 1 pt. (b) Define republican form of government.
One point is earned for defining a republican form of government: Authority is delegated to elected representatives to make decision on behalf of citizens People ELECT representatives 1 pt. (c) Describe one reason the framers of the United States Constitution chose a republican form of government over a direct democracy. One point is earned for a description of one reason the framers chose a republican form of government. Reasons include:
Fear of mob rule (tyranny of the majority) Size of country Elitism inadequate education/uninformed Did not trust people To counter the influence of factions Preexistence of states Reinforcement of federalism Complete description needed (d) Describe each of the models of congressional representation.
Trustee model (attitudinal view) Delegate mode (representational view) One point is earned for each description of the models of congressional representation. An acceptable description of the trustee model (attitudinal view): Decisions made by elected official using their own personal views or decisions made by the elected official based on the public good and not on the basis of constituents views An acceptable description of the delegate model (representational view): Decisions made by the elected official mirrors the constituents views, represent constituents views, or do what voters tell them to do 2 Points Total
1 pt. (e) Explain why a member of Congress might sometimes act as a trustee (attitudinal view) rather than a delegate (representational view). One point is earned for an acceptable explanation of why a member of Congress might sometimes act as a trustee (attitudinal view) rather than a delegate (representational view). Information access Reliance on expertise Divided constituency Salience of issue Vote their conscience (explaining why)
Difficulty determining what voters want EXPLAIN Higher Threshold NOT personal gain Note: Must close loop to show contrast that the representative is voting regardless of what the constituents want. REMINDERS (a) Rule by the people PLUS (b) ELECTED representation
(c) ID + Description (d) Describe = Definition (e) EXPLANATION beyond ID 6 Point Total Key Vocabulary https://quizlet.com/13987 8606/ap-government-mon ster-vocabulary-list-flashcards / Quizlet Monster Vocabulary List GOOD LUCK ON THE AP EXAM!
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