# Algebra 1 Chapter 1 Algebra 1 Chapter 1 Ms. Fisher How Each Math Class Will Be Conducted: I will teach the lesson We will do the Guided Practice together You will do the Practice and Problem Solving Independently Math Vocabulary you should be familiar with:

Expression A mathematical phrase that contains operations, numbers, and/or variables Example: 25 + a(b) Variable A symbol used to represent a quantity Constant A value that does not change

Example: a Example: 25 + a(b) Order of Operations A process for evaluating expressions PEMDAS Parenthesis Subtract Exponents If a=5 and b=5 Multi/Divide

[25 + a(b)] = 25 Add/ Hmmm. Could I have a vocabulary quiz in Math class? YES!!! I often give short 5 point Quizzes!!! These quizzes will help build your grade! Consider it a free 5 points! You simply need to pay attention! Chapter 1 Section 1: Writing Algebraic Symbols to Words

X+3 The sum of X and 3 M-7 The difference of m and 7 K/5 K divided by 5 Guided Practice Ch1 Page 9 Section 1: Give two ways to write each algebraic expression in words: 2. n-5

5 less than n or n decreased by 5 3. f/3 The quotient of f and 3 or f divided by 3 10. George drives at 45 mi/h. Write an expression for the number of miles George travels in h hours. 45h 11. The length of a rectangle is 4 units greater than its width w. Write an expression for the length of the rectangle. W+4 Guided Practice Chapter 1 Page 9 Evaluate each expression for a=3, b=4, and c=2 12. a-c 3-2=1

13. ab 3 (4)=12 14. b/c 4/2=2 Your Turn Now! Go Down to the Section Labeled Practice and Problem Solving Do problems 17-31 and 41, 45, 46, 47 Whatever you do not finish will be homework When you arrive tomorrow to class what is expected?! Homework is out on your desk and

ready to be checked. Did you check the parking lot on the board? Are all parking lots numbers taken care of, I will need volunteers to come up and show their work! Tomorrow: Ch 1 Section 1.2 Solving Equations by adding or subtracting Vocabulary you should be familiar with Equation: Mathematical statement that two expressions are equal Solution: A value of the variable that makes the equation true. To find solutions you need to isolate the variable! Solving Equations by using Addition: X-10=

4 +10 +10 X = 14 Todays Agenda 1. Parking Lot What problems would you like me to go over?! 2. Teach Ch1 Section 2 3. Together we do Guided Practice 4. Independently You Do Practice and Problem Solving pg 20

Vocabulary you should be familiar with Equation: Mathematical statement that two expressions are equal Solution: A value of the variable that makes the equation true. To find solutions you need to isolate the variable! Solving Equations by using Addition: X-10= 4 +10 +10 X = 14

Solving Equations Using Subtraction X+7=9 -7 -7 X=2 Check: X + 7 = 9 2 + 7 = 9 YES!! ALWAYS CHECK Guided Practice Page 20 2. S-5 = 3 +5 +5 S =8 3. 17= w-4 +4

+4 21 = w Independent Work Time Page 20 Problems: 21-25, 33-37, 5156 Reminder: Math Vocab Quiz Monday Agenda: Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Quiz Teach Ch1 Sec 1.3 Do Guided Practice Together pg 27 Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving

#s 21-25, 52-55, 61-64 Review of HW:Pg 20 Problems: 21-25, 33-37, 51-56 21. 9 33. -17 51. x-10=12 x=22 22. 7 34. -15

52. x-13=7 x=20 23. 17 35. 1,500 53. x+8=16 24. -7 36. 258

54. x-3=-8 x=-5 25. 4/7 37. -.05 5+x=6 x=1 55.

x=8 Which Questions Would You Like ME To Go Over On The Board? Park them In The Parking Lot! Quiz Time Put everything under your desk expect a pencil and water bottle Chapter 1 Section 3; Solving Equations by Multiplying or Dividing -4 = k Step #1: Isolate the variable- get the variable by itself

-5 (-5) (-4) = (-5)[ k ] -5 (-5) (-4) = (-5)[ k ] -5 (-5) (-4) = [ k ] 20 = k Self Check: Go back, Plug 20 in for k 20/-5= -4 YES!! Solving Equations That Contain 5 v=35 ** Multiple both sides by the reciprocal of 5/9 which is 9/5** Fractions 9 (9)(5) v = (9) 35

5 9 5 (9)(5) v = (9) 35 5 9 5 V= 315/5 V=63 Self Check: Go back, Plug 63 in for v; 63 (5)/9 = 35 Yes!! Guided Practice: 19. The Baseball Birthday Batter Package at a minor league ballpark costs \$192. The package includes tickets, drinks, and cake for a group of 16 children. Write and solve an equation to find the cost per child.

Step #1 For thing you do, write down your knowns!! Total cost=\$192 Total Package= 16c Total Package=Total cost Step #2 Write the equation 16c=192 Step #3 Solve the Equation

C=192/16 C= \$12/ cost per child Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving Ch1 Sec 3 #s 21-25, 52-55, 61-64 Agenda Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Teach Do

Ch1 Sec 1.4 Guided Practice Together pg 36 Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving Review of HW:Pg 27 Problems: 21-25, 52-55, 61-64 Ch1 Sec # 3 Any Questions you would like to park in our parking lot for me to go over 21. in 24 detail?!52. 5x=45 x=9 22. -200

53. -3x=12 x=-4 23. -36 54. x/4=10 x=40 24. 12 55. x/3=-8 x=-24 25. -150

Problems X Y 61. -4 -2 62. -2 -1

63. 0 0 64. 2 1 Solving Two Step Equations: 10= 6-2x Step one: Get rid of what is NOT attached to x FIRST 10 = 6-2x

-6 -6 4 = -2x Step two: Get x by itself, get rid of what is attached to x, divide by -2 4 = -2 -2=x -2x -2

Chapter 1 Section 4: Solving TwoStep and Multi-Step Equations pg 32 Alex belongs to a music club. In this club, students can buy a student discount card for \$19.95. This card allows them to buy CDs for \$3.95 each. After one year, Alex has spent \$63.40. Find the number of CDs c that Alex bought 3.95c +19.95 = 63.40 -19.95 -19.95 3.95c=43.45 c= 43.45/3.95 c=11 Alex bought 11 CDs Simplifying before Solving: 6x + 3 8x = 13

Step #1: Combine like terms 6x +(-8X) = -2x -2x +3 = 13 Now, Get rid of what is not attached to x first -2x +3 = 13 -3 -2x -3 = 10 Step #3 Get x by itself by dividing by -2 -2x/-2 = 10/-2 x= -5 Distributing 9= 6 (x + 2)

Step #1 Distribute the -1 to everything inside the parenthesis 9= 6 +(-1) (x) + (-1) (2) 9= 6 + -x + -2 Step #2 Combine like terms 9 = 4-x -4 -4 5

= -x -5 = x Practice and Problem Solving pg 36 #s 24,30,33,37,38,39,41,43,44,45,46 ,50,51,52, Agenda: First

HW Check 5 points Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Teach Do Ch1 Sec 1.5 Guided Practice Together pg 43 Students Independently do Practice and

Problem Solving Reminders: Chapter one Quiz on Sections 1-4 Friday September 12th Review of HW:Pg 36 Problems: 24,30,33,37,38,39,41,4346,50-52 Ch1 Sec # 4 Any Questions you would like to park in our parking lot for me to go over in detail?! 24. 2 45. -1/2 30. 1/5 46. -10

33. 1 50. 2n-7=19 n=13 37. 28/5 51. 8-3n=2 38. 25 52. 2n+5=11 n=3 39. 3 41. 8 43. 7 44. 16

n=2 Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides 7k = 4k + 15 Step #1: You want to get the Variables to ONE side! Choose the side that will keep the variable POSITIVE!! 7 is BIGGER than 4, so I CHOOSE to subtract 4K 7k= 4k + 15 -4k -4k 3k= 15 3k/3= 15/3

k= 5 Distribution Problem: 2(y+6)=3y Step #1: Distribute 2 2y +12 = 3y Step 2:Subtract 2y from each side 12=y Combining Like Terms and Distributing 3-5b +2b = -2-2(1-b) Step one: Combine like terms 3-3b = -2-2(1-b) Distribute -2 3-3b= -2 -2+2b

3-3b= -4 +2b +4 +4 7-3b=2b +3b = +3b 7 = 5b 7/5 = 5b/5 7/5 =b Someone Come up to the board and do the following Problem Guided Practice

2x-1= x+11 Practice and Problem Solving page 43 #s 23,24,38,48,49,50 Reminder: Quiz Friday Sections 1-4 AGENDA Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Teach Do

Ch1 Sec 1.6 Guided Practice Together pg 51 Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving Reminders: Chapter one Quiz on Sections 1-4 tomorrow!!! HW Problems: Practice and Problem Solving page 43 Answers #s 23,24,38,48,49,50

23. 6 24. -1 38. -3 48. 1 49. 4 50. 4 Solving for a Variable Step One: Locate the variable you are asked to solve for in the equation. Step Two: Identify the operations on this variable and the order in which they are applied. Step three: Use inverse operations to undo operations and isolate the variable.

F=9 C + 32 5 F = 9C + 32 5 -32 -32 F-32= 9C 5 5/9 (F-32)= (5/9) (9/5)C 5/9(F-32)=C Solve for C Guided Practice: page 51 2. a.) Solve a= 46c

Solve for c a= 46c /46 /46 a/46= c 5. Solve m-4n=8 +4n +4n m=4n+8 Solve for m Review for quiz tomorrow: 1. 6= 1-x Volunteer to front board please! 2. 5x+4-2x=22 Volunteer to front board please!

3. 4=7-3(x+3) Volunteer to front board HW Problems: Practice and Problem Solving page 51 #s 4-7,10-13 Agenda Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Quiz on Sections 1-4

Teach Do Ch1 Sec 1.7 Guided Practice Together pg 57 Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving (Mrs. Ruzicka walk around and assist as needed) HW page 51 #s 4-7,10-13

4. s= 6-3t/t 5. m=4n+8 6. f= 6g-4 7. a=10/b+c 10. s= -2-4r 11. x=k+5/y 12. m/p-6=n 13. x-2/z=y Quiz Time!! Please put everything under your desk except a water bottle and a pencil! Take your time! Section1.7 Solving Absolute-Value Equations

Recall that the absolute value of a number is that numbers distance from zero on a number line. For example, -5 = 5 and 5 =5 -5 0 5 5 spaces both ways Solve: 4 x+2 = 24

4 4 X+2 = 6 Case 1 Case 2 X+2=-6 X+2=6 -2 -2 -2 -2 X=-8 X=4 The solutions are -8 and 4 Guided Practice: pg 57 9= x+5 Case 1

9= x+5 -5 -5 4=x 2. Case 2 -9= x+5 -5 -5 -14=x Practice and Problem Solving pg 57 #s 15, 16, 17, 28, 35, 36 Agenda Any

questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW Teach Do Ch1 Sec 1.8 Guided Practice Together pg 65 Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving (Mrs. Ruzicka walk around and assist as needed)

Reminder Chapter 1 Test this Friday!!! Practice and Problem Solving pg 57 #s 15, 16, 17, 28, 35, 36 15. -9, 13 16. -5, 7 17. -2, 2 28.

1 35. 36. X =3 X=1 1.8 Rates, Ratios, and Proportions Ratio: is a comparison of two quantities by division. The ratio of a to b can be written a:b or a/b A statement that two ratios are equivalent, such as 1/12=2/24, is called a proportion.

The ratio of faculty members to students at college is 1:15. There are 675 students. How many faculty members are there? Step 1: Write a ratio comparing faculty to students Faculty 1 Student 15 Step 2: Write a proportion. Let X be the number of faculty members 1 15

= x 675 Now solve for X (675)1 15 = x (675) 675 x= 45 faculty members Cross Product Property:

a=c b d a(d)=c(b) Look at previous example.. 1 15 = x 675 1 (675)=x(15) 675=x15 Now what do we do? Divide both sides by 15 to get x by itself! X=45 Solving Proportions:

5 = 3 9 w 5 = 3 9 w 5w=9 (3) 5w=27 5w/5 =27/5 W=27/5 Practice and Problem Solving pg. 66

#s 26-37 Agenda Any questions to park in our class parking lot?! Review HW pg 66 Teach Ch1 Sec 1.9 Do Guided Practice Together pg 72

Students Independently do Practice and Problem Solving (Mrs. Ruzicka walk around and assist as needed) Reminder Chapter one Test Friday! Bring Reading Book with you Friday for after Exam! Practice and Problem Solving pg. 66 #s 26-37 26. 3 35. 1/9 27. 10 36. 60

28. -2.4 37. 45 29. -1 30. .9 31. 13 32. 3 33. 1.2 34. 6.8 Section 1.9- Applications of Proportions Similar: Figures that have exactly the same shape, but not necessarily the same size. E

B ~ 8 A 5 C x D 12

F When stating that two figures are similar use the symbol ABC ~ DEF Find the value of x m

~ Guided Practice pg. 72 #s 2 2. A D 5m 7m B C ABC~

x F 4 Cross Product Property 5x=28 X=28 5 X=5.6m E DEF Find the value of X 7= 5

X 4m Practice and Problem Solving pg. 72 #s 6,7,14, 15, 16, 17 Answers: 6. 8m 15. 7. 7in 16. 14. 9m 2.8ft 4cm

Section 1.10 Precision and Accuracy Precise vs. Accurate Precise: is the level of detail in a measurement and is determined by the smallest unit or fraction of a unit that you can reasonably measure. Accurate: Is the closeness of a measured value to the actual or true value. ** A precise measurement is only useful if the measurement is also accurate** Think of a target. NOT This persons throw was precise, but was accurate, he never hit the bull's-eye! Which measurement is more precise or accurate? More precise? 4.33g or 4337 mg

47 ft or 47.3 ft answer 4337mg answer 47.3 ft A cube weighs 5 grams. A student weighs this cube on three different scales. Which scale is more accurate? Scale A Scale B Scale C 5.01g 5.033g

4.98g Scale B is most precise Scale A is most accurate End of Chapter 1!!!! Review Time!!!! Chapter One Test This Friday 9/19 What sections would you like to go back over? Why dont we take a tour through this power-point and briefly scan Chapter 1 You

stop me when you wish to review something! Chapter 1 Test You will have the ENTIRE Period. Bring a book to read incase you complete the test early! Pencils out, everything else under your desk!