Alternative Structures to the Age-old Five-paragraph essay
ALTERNATIVE STRUCTURES TO THE AGE-OLD FIVE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY Nikki Hunt, Eastern Kentucky University Writing Project & Sherry Logan, Bluegrass Writing Project SESSION OUTCOMES Our goal is for you to understand and value the significance of using alternative structures to the fiveparagraph essay with students. To achieve this goal, you will: experience a brief mini-unit to gather background information about the
topic, Should Cold Sufferers Wear Masks? explore alternative structures to the five-paragraph essay participate in collaborative conversations with colleagues reflect on how you can use these alternative structures in your classroom WHAT IS THE AGE-OLD FIVE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY ANYWAY AND WHY IS IT DOING MORE HARM THAN GOOD? The five-paragraph essay follows this structure Introduction 3 body paragraphs
Conclusion Whats wrong with the five-paragraph essay? Lets take a look at the article, If You Teach or Write 5- Paragraph Essays--Stop It! by Ray Salazar IF WE DONT TEACH THE FIVEPARAGRAPH ESSAY, WHAT DO WE TEACH? Alternative structures to the five-paragraph essay: Gretchen Bernabeis structures for kernel essays (from Reviving the Essay) Argumentation Planners (more complex): Model of Rogerian Argument,
Model of Toulmin System, and Model of Classic Oration Photo Credit: https:// books.google.com/books/ about/Reviving_the_Essa y.html?id=38ANAgAACA AJ BEFORE WE EXPLORE, LETS GATHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION Lets experience the mini-unit, Should Cold Sufferers Wear Masks? Photo Credit: Eneas De Troya
LETS EXPLORE A MODELED BERNABEI STRUCTURE The Story of My Thinking: First I thoughtThen I learnedNow I think First I thought cold sufferers should not wear masks, because simply wearing a mask will not protect you from getting sick. Plus, wearing a mask lessens your exposure to diseases that aid in strengthening your immunity. Then I learned sneezes and coughs can carry diseases and masks can help keep you from getting sick. For example, in the video, Nothing to Sneeze At, I learned droplets from a sneeze can be carried farther than I ever thought. Researchers reported that you could be in another room and because the cloud carries droplets, you could still get sick. In addition, promoters of the "Best Sneeze video suggest grabbing a tissue is most effective in catching a sneeze. A mask would act similarly to a tissue, so a mask would be an effective measure to help keep you from
getting sick. Furthermore, the author of the article, Should Cold Sufferers Wear Medical Masks?, explains that wearing masks are highly effective in preventing disease and are inexpensive. Now I think cold sufferers should wear masks to help protect themselves and others. ANOTHER BERNABEI STRUCTURE WITH DIFFERENT BACKGROUND INFORMATION THROWAWAY WRITING 9-1-1 CALL Uh.hello, 9-1-1? In this phone call I will tell you about an emergency happening in my house right at this moment. I will tell you the good and the bad things about fires in the living room. First, I will cover the bad things. Smoke is bad. Next, the heat from the flames is also bad. Third, the house will be expensive to replace. This concludes my 9-1-1 phone call.
Student Paper This is the introduction of my paper. In my paper I am going to tell you about three reasons I think fires are bad. First, I am going to tell you that smoke is bad. Second, I am going to tell you that the flames is also bad. Third, I am going to tell you that the house will be expensive to replace. This concludes my paper. Question: Is throwaway writing a necessary first step in getting thoughts on paper? YOUR TURN TO EXPLORE BERNABEI STRUCTURES With your partner: Discuss your assigned structure Complete each sentence stem for your assigned structure
using background information from, Should Cold Sufferers Wear Masks? With the group: Share lightbulb moments/instructional implications LETS EXPLORE MORE COMPLEX STRUCTURES Model of Rogerian Argument Model of Toulmin System Model of Classic Oration
With your partner: Choose a complex structure (from above) Complete the argumentation planner With the group: Share lightbulb moments/instructional implications REFLECT AND DEBRIEF Turn and Talk (neighbors)Share Out (whole group) How will you use what youve learned today in your classroom? What excites you most about todays learning? What questions/concerns do you have?
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