Amateur Radio Technician Class Element 2 Course Presentation

Amateur Radio Technician Class Element 2 Course Presentation

Technician Licensing Class Mind the Rules Section 4 Valid July 1, 2014 Through June 30, 2018 1 Mind the Rules T1A03 Amateur radio rules are found in Part 97 of the FCC regulations. Part 97 falls under Title 47-Telecommunication. To eliminate the need for a wheelbarrow to haul around a huge book called Code

of Federal Regulations, we separate out Title 47, Part 80 to End. It is a mere 4 inches thick, and includes the following radio services: Part 80 Marine Radio Part 87 Aviation Radio Part 90 Land Mobile Radio Part 95 Personal Radio, like CB and FRS rules Part 97 Amateur Radio Service Part 101 Fixed Microwave Services 2 Mind the Rules Part 97 Amateur Radio regulations are

contained in Title-47 Telecommunication. 3 Mind the Rules Indecent and obscene language absolutely not allowed on any ham radio frequency, including repeaters. And there is NO list. T2A11 The FCC rule regarding power levels used in the amateur bands is - under normal, non-distress circumstances, use the minimum power necessary to carry out the desired communication while not exceeding the maximum power permitted on a given band.

T1D06 4 Mind the Rules Harmful interference is defined by the FCC as that which seriously degrades, obstructs, or repeatedly interrupts a radio communication service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations. T1A04

Radio Amateurs share radio spectrum with countless other radio amateurs and other duly licensed radio services. No willful interference with other amateur radio communications at any time is permissible. T1A11 5 Mind the Rules The Radionavigation Service is one of the

safety-of-life services, which are always top priority communications. Non-amateur radio services, such as GPS, E Loran, Marine Radio VHF Channels, Aircraft Landing System, and Railroad Positive Train Control all fall under the category of safety-of-life communications. T1A06 6 Mind the Rules Transmissions intended for reception by the general public is called broadcasting. You may not operate your station like an AM, FM or shortwave broadcast station. You cannot transmit directly to the public.

T1D10 Broadcasting to a general audience is explicitly forbidden by amateur radio rules. However, one-way transmissions intended for reception only by radio amateurs are permitted. These include Morse code practice, amateur radio bulletins, or in an emergency. For example, W1AW, the ARRLs station, has provided CW practice transmissions for many decades. T1D12 7

Mind the Rules Amateur stations are authorized to transmit signals related to broadcasting, program production, or news gathering, assuming no other means is available only where such communications directly relate to the immediate safety of human life or protection of property. T1D09 8 Mind the Rules

The transmission of codes or ciphers is allowed to hide the meaning of a message transmitted by an amateur station only when transmitting control commands to space stations or radio control craft. T1D03 Space station Radio control craft 9 Mind the Rules

T1D04 Music is generally not allowed on the ham bands. The one exception is music incidental to an authorized retransmission of manned spacecraft communications. No music in the background 10 Mind the Rules Amateur radio operators may use their stations to notify other amateurs of the availability of

equipment for sale or trade when the equipment is normally used in an amateur station and such activity is not conducted on a regular basis. T1D05 11 Mind the Rules Any time upon request by an FCC representative is when the station licensee must make the station and its records available for FCC inspection.

T1F13 T1C07 Revocation of the station license or suspension of the operator license may result when correspondence from the FCC is returned as undeliverable because the grantee failed to provide the correct mailing address. 12

Take Aways Take Aways Part 97 of the FCC rules contains the rules and regulations governing the Amateur Radio Service. Transmissions that contain obscene or indecent words or Language are prohibited. [97.113(a)(4)] The FCC rules regarding power levels used in the amateur bands require an amateur to use the minimum transmitter power necessary to carry out the desired communication. [97.313(a)] Take Aways In the FCC rules for the amateur services, the term broadcasting means transmissions intended for

reception by the general public. [97.3(a)(10)] One-way transmissions intended for reception only by radio amateurs are permitted. These include Morse code practice, amateur radio bulletins, or in an emergency. [97.111(b) (4,5,6) ] Assuming no other means is available, amateur stations are authorized to transmit signals related to broadcasting, program production, or news gathering, only where such communications directly relate to the immediate safety of human life or protection of Take Aways Brief transmissions to make station adjustments are permitted in the Amateur Radio Service. [97.113(a)(5)] Harmful interference is defined as that which

seriously degrades, obstructs, or repeatedly interrupts a radio communication service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations. [97.3(a)(23)] The transmission of codes or ciphers are allowed to hide the meaning of a message transmitted by an amateur station only when transmitting control commands to space stations or radio control craft. [97.113(a)(4), 97.211(b), 97.217] Take Aways No radio amateur may knowingly interfere with Radionavigation or other safety-of-life radio communications Non-amateur radio services, such as GPS, E Loran, Marine Radio VHF Channels, Aircraft Landing System, and Railroad Positive Train Control all

fall under the category of safety-of-life communications. [97.101 (d), 97.303 (o)(2)] Wilful interference is not allowed at any time [97.101 (d)] 17 Take Aways The only time an amateur station is authorized to transmit music is when incidental to an authorized retransmission of manned spacecraft communications. [97.113(a)(4), 97.113(e)] Amateur radio operators may use their stations to notify other amateurs of the availability of equipment

for sale or trade when the equipment is normally used in an amateur station and such activity is not conducted on a regular basis. [97.113(a)(3)] Take Aways The station licensee must make the station and its records available for FCC inspection any time upon request by an FCC representative. [97.103(c)] When correspondence from the FCC is returned as undeliverable because the grantee failed to provide the correct mailing address revocation of the station license or suspension of the operator license may be the result. [97.23] Element 2 Technician Class

Question Pool Mind the Rules Valid July 1, 2014 Through June 30, 2018 20 T1A03 Which part of the FCC regulations contains the rules governing the Amateur Radio

Service? A. B. C. D. Part Part Part Part 73 95 90

97 21 T1D06 What, if any, are the restrictions concerning transmission of language that may be considered indecent or obscene? A. The FCC maintains a list of words that are not permitted to be used on amateur frequencies

B. Any such language is prohibited C. The ITU maintains a list of words that are not permitted to be used on amateur frequencies D. There is no such prohibition 22 T2A11 Which of the following is an FCC rule regarding power levels used in the amateur bands, under normal, non-distress circumstances? A. There is no limit to power as long as there is no interference with other

services B. No more than 200 watts PEP may be used C. Up to 1500 watts PEP may be used on any amateur frequency without restriction D. While not exceeding the maximum power permitted on a given band, use the minimum power necessary 23 T1A11 When is willful interference to other amateur

radio stations permitted? A. Only if the station interfered is expressing extreme religious or political views B. At no time C. Only during a contest D. At any time, amateurs are not protected from willful interference 24 T1A04 Which of the following meets the FCC definition of harmful interference? A. Radio transmissions that annoy users of a repeater

B. Unwanted radio transmissions that cause costly harm to radio station apparatus C. That which seriously degrades, obstructs, or repeatedly interrupts a radio communication service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations D. Static from lightning storms 25 T1A06 Which of the following services are protected from interference by amateur signals under all circumstances?

A. B. C. D. Citizens Radio Service Broadcast Service Land Mobile Radio Service Radionavigation Service 26 T1D10 What is the meaning of the term broadcasting

in the FCC rules for the amateur services? A. Two-way transmissions by amateur stations B. Transmission of music C. Transmission of messages directed only to amateur operators D. Transmissions intended for reception by the general public 27 T1D12 Under which of the following circumstances may an amateur radio station engage in broadcasting?

A. Under no circumstances B. When transmitting code practice, information bulletins, or transmissions necessary to provide emergency communications C. At any time as long as no music is transmitted D. At any time as long as the material being transmitted did not originate from a commercial broadcast station 28 T1D09

Under which of the following circumstances are amateur stations authorized to transmit signals related to broadcasting, program production, or news gathering, assuming no other means is available? A. Only where such communications directly relate to the immediate safety of human life or protection of property B. Only when broadcasting communications to or from the space shuttle. C. Only where noncommercial programming is gathered and supplied exclusively to the National Public Radio network D. Only when using amateur repeaters linked to

the Internet 29 T1D03 When is the transmission of codes or ciphers that hide the meaning of a message allowed by an amateur station? A. Only during contests B. Only when operating mobile C. Only when transmitting control commands to space stations or radio control craft D. Only when frequencies above 1280 MHz are

used 30 T1D04 What is the only time an amateur station is authorized to transmit music? A. When incidental to an authorized retransmission of manned spacecraft communications B. B. When the music produces no spurious emissions C. C. When the purpose is to interfere with an illegal transmission

D. D. When the music is transmitted above 1280 MHz 31 T1D05 When may amateur radio operators use their stations to notify other amateurs of the availability of equipment for sale or trade? A. When the equipment is normally used in an amateur station and such activity is not conducted on a regular basis B. B. When the asking price is $100.00 or less C. C. When the asking price is less than its

appraised value D. D. When the equipment is not the personal property of either the station licensee or the control operator or their close relatives 32 T1F13 When must the station licensee make the station and its records available for FCC inspection? A. At any time ten days after notification by the FCC of such an inspection B. Any time upon request by an FCC representative C. Only after failing to comply with an FCC notice of violation

D. Only when presented with a valid warrant by an official or government agent 33 T1C07 What may result when correspondence from the FCC is returned as undeliverable because the grantee failed to provide the correct mailing address? A. Fine or imprisonment B. Revocation of the station license or suspension of the operator license C. Require the licensee to be re-examined

D. A reduction of one rank in operator class 34

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