Analogies Analogies test your ability to: Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair Recognize when two word pairs
display parallel relationships To answer an analogy question you must: Formulate and recognize the relationship between the words in the given word pair Select the answer containing words
related to one another in most nearly the same way Recognize when two word pairs display parallel relationships Analogies look like this: STEM:WORDS :: A. First pair B. Second pair
C. Third pair D. Fourth pair E. Fifth pair In what ways could two words be related? The relationship will always have to do with the meaning of the words
Examples of possible relationships
Synonyms or antonyms A part to the whole A member to the category that contains it Cause to effect (or effect to cause) Varying degrees of a quantity or quality Object to function
Here is one example of each of these Synonyms relationships INFANT: BABY GROWNUP : ?? Antonyms BIG : SMALL
FULL : ?? Member to Category APPLE : FRUIT BRANCH : ?? CARROT : ??
Cause to Effect SLIVER : PAIN HEAT : ?? Matters of
Degree WARM : HOT COOL : ?? Object to TRUCK :
OVEN : ?? Part to whole WHEEL : CAR PRACTICE PLATOON:SOLDIER HOT:SCALDING STARVATION:BINGING
GILLS:BREATHING PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING SOCCER:SPORT Approaches that may be helpful in answering analogy questions: Try to establish a precise relationship between the words in the given pair
Form a sentence that captures the relationship between the two words Then look for the answer choice containing the word pair whose relationship is closest to that of the given pair and can be expressed in a similar fashion Example
APPLE : FRUIT :: A. Salad : Mix B. Orange: Banana C. Juice : Can D. Slice : Core E. Carrot : Vegetable How do you know if you have a good sentence?
Look at the answer choices If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then your sentence is too general If none of them work, then your sentence is too specific Example
PEN : WRITE :: A. Pencil : Sharpen B. Ink : Blue C. Letter : Compose D. Knife : Cut E. Mistake : Erase Helpful Approaches cont:
Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair Pay attention to the parts of speech
The relationships you need to explain will be constant relationships Analogy questions are vocabulary intensive Remember that a single word can have several different meaning Never decide on the best answer without reading all the answer choices Practice recognizing and formulating relationships between word pairs
Practice Mnemonic : Remember :: A. Amnesiac : Forget B. Euphoria : Relax C. Nostril : Smell D. Audio : Hear E. Glasses : See
Answer Mnemonic : Remember :: E. Glasses : See Practice EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: A. Consent : Decree B. Demur : Agree C. Mar : Burnish
D. Eschew : Avoid E. Proscribe : Support Answer EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: D. Eschew : Avoid Practice COBBLER : OXFORDS ::
A. Mason : Mortar B. Lapidary : Stones C. Haberdasher : Linen D. Chandler : Candles E. Agronomist : Fertilizer Answer COBBLER : OXFORDS :: D. Chandler : Candles
1. ______ : trail :: grain : grail a. train
b. path c. wheat d. holy 1. a. Train becomes trail when the n is replaced by an l, and grain becomes grail when the n is replaced by an l.
2. particular : fussy ::______ : subservient a. meek b. above c. cranky d. uptight 2. a. Particular is a synonym for fussy, and meek is a synonym
for subservient. 3. ______ : horse ::board : train
a. stable b. shoe c. ride d. mount 3. d. To mount means to get on a horse, and to board means to get on a train.
4. tureen : ______ ::goblet : wine a. napkin b. soup
c. spoon d. pilsner 4. b. A tureen is used to hold soup, and a goblet is used to hold wine.
5. 4 : 6 :: ______ : 16 a. 2 b. 14 c. 8 d. 10
If I have to explain this, you need to start tutoring with Venable and Kilkenny ASAP! Even I know why on this one, and Im math illiterate. 6. son : nuclear ::______ : extended
a. father b. mother c. cousin d. daughters 6. c. A son is part of a nuclear family, and a cousin is part of an extended family.
7. coif : hair :: ______ : musical a. shower b. close
c. praise d. score 7. d. To coif means to arrange hair, and to score means to arrange a musical. 8. feta : Greek ::provolone : ______
a. salad b. Swiss c. blue d. Italian 8. d. Feta is a Greek cheese, and provolone is an Italian cheese.
9. moccasin : snake ::______ : shoe a. alligator b. waders c. asp d. loafer 9. d. A moccasin is a type of snake, and a loafer is a type of
shoe. 10. ______ : zenith ::fear : composure a. apex b. heaven c. heights d. nadir
10. d. Nadir is the opposite of zenith, and fear is the opposite of composure.
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