Ancient Egypt - Edl

Ancient Egypt - Edl

Ancient Egypt The Gift of the Nile Ancient Egyptian Time An Explanation First, the Egyptians developed a lunar calendar of 354 days. In time, the Egyptians created a more accurate 360-day solar calendar BC - Means "Before Christ" AD - Means "Anno Domini" (The Year of Our Lord) Both of these terms were adopted during the early formation of the Roman/Christian

calendar. Egyptian Geograp locatedhy in the northeast corner of Africa surrounded by natural barriers: desert mountains Mediterranean Sea PROVIDED PROTECTION

The Nile River Early people settled this area because of its location near a source of water. The Nile River Valley had virtually no rainfall of its own. Egypt was called "The Gift of the Nile" by Herodotus, a Greek historian. flows north more than 4,000 miles into the Mediterranean Sea worlds longest river branches create a triangle shaped delta from deposited silt The Important Uses of the Nile

1. Drinking & Bathing The Nile provided the daily necessities of life in Ancient Egypt Egyptians depended upon the annual flooding of the Nile The Important Uses of the Nile 2. Agriculture leads to a calendar Inundation: June - October - SHAIT time of rising flood waters

farmers had time to build Emergence: November - February- PIRUIT the return of the water to the river planted crops & trapped water for irrigation Drought: March - June - SHEMU Harvest time The Important Uses of

the Nile The Nile provided rich soil (from the silt) and water, producing three to four times more crops than regular rain-fed soil. - made farming very productive, created a surplus The Egyptians invented the shadouf to help distribute water to the fields. The Egyptians invented the plow.

The Egyptians domesticated animals to assist in farming. The Important Uses of 3. Transportationthe Nile Egyptians built boats and traveled the Nile The Nile linked all Egyptians - encouraged community life Encouraged trade - used the surplus crops for barter REVIEW 1. _____ Egypt was protected from invaders because: a. the Nile River flooded every year

b. it was surrounded by natural barriers; desert, mountains, and the sea c. it was an island 2. _____ The Nile was important to the Egyptians for two main reasons: a. agriculture & transportation b. swimming & bathing c. fishing & water-skiing REVIEW 3. _____ The flooding of the Nile River is known as: a. inundation b. emergence c. drought 4. _____ The Egyptians planted their crops during the time of the receding flood known as:

a. inundation b. emergence c. drought 5. _____ The Egyptians harvested their crops during the time of: a. inundation b. emergence c. drought REVIEW 6. _____ Egyptian farmers used irrigation to: a. water their crops b. make the soil more fertile c. control flood waters d. travel among the villages 7. _____ Transportation on the Nile was important to the Egyptian civilization

because: a. it encouraged trade b. it linked all Egyptians c. both a & b Return A System of Writing The Ancient Egyptians had no separate word for art, their word for art was the word for writing. This Egyptian alphabet was made up of about 800 picture-symbols called

HIEROGLYPHS. The word HEIROGLYPHICS means sacred writing A System of Writing The Egyptians considered HIEROGLYPHS sacred and believed that they conveyed the words of the gods. HIEROGLYPHICS also helped to preserve the memory of deceased people. In order to keep track of

government records, taxes, and the passage of time, the Egyptians developed a system of writing called HIEROGLYPHICS. A System of Writing PAPYRUS: The earliest form of paper Made from the papyrus reed that grew in the Nile The reeds would be criss-crossed

and pounded down to a paper-like thickness. A System of Writing Not all Egyptians could read or write hieroglyphics: SCRIBES: Pharaohs record keepers Very Educated in reading, writing & math Highly respected Only boys could become SCRIBES A SCRIBES training started at the age of 10 SCRIBES used rolls of PAPYRUS to write on Only the SCRIBES used HIEROGLYPHICS. A System of Writing

The Common people of Egypt used a form of writing called hieratic, a form of script writing. Eventually, the responsibility of reading & interpreting the HIEROGLYPHS fell to the priests. Even SCRIBES lost the ability to read the ancient symbols. By 400 AD, no one could read the HIEROGLYPHS anymore. The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone was the key that unlocked the mysteries of Egyptian hieroglyphics. Napoleon's troops discovered it in 1799 The inscription is written on the stone three times, once in hieroglyphic, once in hieratic, and once in Greek.

Jean Francois Champollion, a French Egyptologist, deciphered the hieroglyphic and hieratic texts by comparing them with the known Greek text. From this meager starting point, a generation of Egyptologists eventually managed to read most everything that remains of the Egyptians' ancient writings. Return

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • TItle


    art utilizing….. Balance: Symmetrical- both sides are mirror images. ... Asymmetrical- one side is different from the other side. Radial Symmetry-Visual balance through circles. Parts of an object/pictures are regularly arranged & radiate from a central point. Proportion. When all...
  • Day 20 - Ch. 8 - The Sun

    Day 20 - Ch. 8 - The Sun

    in the Sun's outer layers. (b) The Sun's internal structure is. displayed here with graphs that show how the luminosity, mass, temperature, and density vary with the distance from. the Sun's center. A solar radius (the distance from the Sun's....
  • The Kaplan Model Depth and Complexity - Weebly

    The Kaplan Model Depth and Complexity - Weebly

    The following Kaplan Model is applied to literature reflection exercise. Students will first read a text of their choice and at their Lexile level independently. Then, students will apply the Kaplan Model as a means of gaining greater depth and...
  • Christology Words about the Anointed One By Stephen

    Christology Words about the Anointed One By Stephen

    Kenosis. Philippians 2:5-8 "Think this way in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not . consider clinging . to be equal to God, but emptied . Himself, receiving. the form of...
  • Genesis - Dig Site 7 Calls & Choices

    Genesis - Dig Site 7 Calls & Choices

    Genesis 12:1-9; 13:5-18. Memory Verse. By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going. Hebrews 11:8.
  • Crater Lake, Oregon

    Crater Lake, Oregon

    Mudder Last modified by: Anita Created Date: 9/14/2008 7:25:25 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles: Tahoma Arial Wingdings Calibri Times New Roman Slit 1_Slit Crater Lake, Oregon PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint ...
  • Game Evaluation by Victor Nitos Basic Information  Jak

    Game Evaluation by Victor Nitos Basic Information Jak

    Story Line. Jak II picks up after the events in the prequel Jak & Daxter: The Precursor Legacy. After exploring their land more, they, Jak, Daxter, Samos, and Keira, find and put together a strange precursor machine that launches them...

    All ISLHD Health staff are to register online with HETI and seek approval from their Manager. Professionals who are not ISLHD Employees please email: Janice Samways: j. anice.samways. or 4220 7920 Please leave contact details if phone unattended