Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Ancient River Valley Civilizations

USING THE CHART PROVIDED, PLACE THESE ITEMS WITH THEIR CORRECT THEME OF WORLD HISTORY. Family and kinship Migration Religion Gender roles

Revolts Transportation Labor Systems Art

Capitalism Forms of Government Nations War Literature

Banking Disease Climate ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY

CIVILIZATIONS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =bhzQFIZuNFY MESOPOTAMIA, EGYPT, INDIA, EARLY CHINA

ARE THERE SIMILARITIES IN THE LOCATIONS OF THE EARLIEST CIVILIZATIONS? WHAT ARE POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR THOSE SIMILARITIES? MESOPOTAMIA (FERTILE CRESCENT) MESOPOTAMIA

Earliest city-state = Sumer. It was polytheistic. Polytheism the belief in many gods City-state an independent city and the land surrounding it

MESOPOTAMIA King Hammurabi created the first written law code in Cuneiform Pertained to all

aspects of life Did not apply to all people equally MESOPOTAMIA Theocracy - one person is in

control of both government and religion King was the head of the religion, as well as the government Built amazing temples (ziggurats) to honor gods)

Ziggurat a step-sided pyramid that was used as a MESOPOTAMIA Three social classes King and nobles Merchants and artisans

Peasants and slaves Women Few legal rights Property of their fathers until sold to their husbands ANCIENT EGYPT- (NILE RIVER)

ANCIENT EGYPT Formed along the Nile River around 3100 BCE Fertile soil Yearly floods

Natural protection from invasion ANCIENT EGYPT Dynasty a line of rulers from one family Pharaoh King of Egypt * Controlled army and

defended Egypt from invasion. * Controlled all land and made all laws. * There were even some ANCIENT EGYPT

ANCIENT EGYPT ANCIENT EGYPT Polytheistic Believed pharaoh was a

god-king. Mummified bodies Mummy preserved

ANCIENT EGYPT ANCIENT EGYPT https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-artcivilizations/egypt-art/ptolemaic/v/the-mummification-process ANCIENT EGYPT

Social classes Ruling family, nobility and priests Farmers, merchants, artisans, warriors Peasants & slaves

ANCIENT EGYPT Based on this image, what do you think the role of women was in Egypt?

ANCIENT EGYPT Women Had legal rights Could own property

Could divorce Hatshepsut- woman Pharaoh of Egypt EGYPT-DISCUSSION QUESTION Compare the

treatment of women in Mesopotamia and Egypt. How were they similar? How were they

ANCIENT EGYPT Pyramid a large stone tomb built for Pharaohs

Decorated tombs and temples with drawings and hieroglyphics recorded history and depicted everyday life, as well as the pharaohs and their

families. ANCIENT EGYPT Hieroglyphic s form of writing

developed in Egypt The Rosetta Stone allowed hieroglyphics to be

translated REFLECTION QUESTION (I AM COLLECTING THIS) Describe the social structure, religion and government of both Mesopotamia and Egypt.

INDIA- (INDUS RIVER VALLEY) 2600 BCE-1500 BCE INDUS RIVER VALLEY Strong and well-organized central

government. Unsure of the exact political structure. INDUS RIVER VALLEY Merchants and

craftsmen lived in cities. Farmers and herders outside city Built large, well-planned cities

Created plumbing system https://www.nationa lgeographic.com/arc haeology-and-histor

y/archaeology/moh enjo-daro/ INDUS RIVER VALLEY Class system? Little evidence. Polytheistic Women

No legal rights Property of husbands WHY DO YOU THINK WE KNOW SO LITTLE ABOUT THE INDUS RIVER CIVILIZATION? INDUS RIVER VALLEY

No one really knows what happened to the Harappans. Theories Natural disaster (earthquake, floods) destroyed the cities and the people migrated to other areas

They were conquered by other people They moved from the region for some other reason EARLY CHINA 1766 BCE

EARLY CHINA Located in the Huang He River (Yellow River) Valley Relatively isolated Surrounded by mountains, desert, and

water Little influence from other civilizations EARLY CHINA Emperors

Military leaders Had help with ruling from nobles Principle of government was the Mandate of Heaven

(gods approval of the emperor) Mandate of Heaven the belief that the ruler was chosen by the gods.

EARLY CHINA Known for its dynastic cycle (see diagram) The first known dynasty was the Shang

EARLY CHINA The ruling class controlled access to bronze. Why would that be important?

EARLY CHINA Skilled metal workers Weapons made of bronze

Bronze ceremonial vessels Silk Mirrors

https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=m3 pvO84KXdE EARLY CHINA Economy based on agriculture

Used barter system of trade Skilled at many crafts Trade was discouraged outside the empire. EARLY CHINA

Social structure was based on agricultural society Three social classes Emperor/Royal Family/Nobility Warriors Farmers/merchants/craftsmen

Women had no legal rights Arranged marriages THINK-PAIR-SHARE What characteristics did early China share with other early civilizations? List at least three similarities with

Mesopotamia, Egypt and India. ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS DBQ (DATA BASED QUESTION) Break into groups and read the Documents on Achievements of Ancient Civilizations.

On a separate sheet of paper, answer the DBQs associated with each document. Make sure to write in complete sentences and include part of the question in your response so that when you are studying later your responses make sense to you.

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