AP Euro Exam review

AP Euro Exam review

AP Euro Exam review A Century a Day 1350-1450 Government Hundred Years War (1337-1453) Oligarchies or despots rule Italian city-states Medici in Florence Sforza in Milan 1350-1450 Society and Economy

Little ice age leads to economic depression (1300-1450) Black Death appears (1347) Height of the Hanseatic League Peasant and working class revolts Serfdom begins to decline across Europe 1350-1450 Religion and Philosophy

Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy (1309-1376) John Wycliffe (1330-1384) Great Schism in the papacy (1378-1417) Great Schism is resolved at the Council of Constance (1418) 1350-1450 Science and Technology Cannon used in siege of Calais (1346 HYW) Clocks in general use throughout Europe by 1400

Paved streets begin to emerge in large cities, ca. 1450 Gutenbergs printing press (1450) 1350-1450 Arts and Letters Paintings by Giotto; emergence of Renaissance (1330s) Dantes Divine Comedy (1310)

Petrarch develops the ideas of Humanism (1350) The Decameron by Boccaccio (1350) Jan van Eyck, Flemish painter (1366-1441) Brunelleschi, Florentine architect (1337-1446) Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, 1387-1400 1350-1450 Arts and Letters Height of Renaissance movement: Botticelli (1444-1510)

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Michelangelo (1475-1564) Raphael (1483-1520) 1450-1550 Government Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople (1453) War of the Roses in England (1455-1471)

Inquisition in Spain (1478) Reconquista in Spain (1492) Charles V, HRE (1519-1556) Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) 1450-1550 Society and Economy Christopher Columbus (1492) Balboa discovers the Pacific (1513) Magellans crew circumnavigates the globe (1519-1522)

Spain and Portugal gain control of regions in Central and South America (1520-1550) 1450-1550 Religion and Philosophy

Expulsion of Jews from Spain (1492) Machiavelli, The Prince (1513) Thomas More, Utopia (1516) Luther, 95 Theses (1517) Henry VIII breaks with Rome (1532-1534) Ursuline order of nuns founded (1535) Loyola founds the Jesuits (1540) Calvin establishes Geneva (1541) Council of Trent (1545-1563) Peace of Augsburg (1555) 1450-1550 Science and Technology

Scientific revolution in western Europe (1540-1690) Copernicus (1543) Galileo (1564-1642) Kepler (1571-1630) 1450-1550 Arts and Letters Renaissance movement (1400-1550) Baroque movement in arts (1550-1725) 1550-1650

Government Philip II of Spain (1556-158) St. Bartholomews Day Massacre (1572)

English defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) Henry IV issues the Edict of Nantes (1598) Thirty Years War (1618-1648) Richelieu dominates French government (1624-1643) English Civil War (1642-1649) Louis XIV (1643-1715) Peace of Westphalia (1648) The Fronde in France (1648-1660) 1550-1650 Society and Economy

Chartering of the British East India Company (1600) English Poor Law (1601) Chartering of the Dutch East India Company (1602) Height of Dutch commercial activity (1630-1665) 1550-1650 Religion and Philosophy Peace of Augsburg (1555) Huguenot revolt in France (1625) 1550-1650 Science and Technology Scientific Revolution (1540-1690) Copernicus 1543

Galileo 1564-1642 Kepler 1571-1630 Further development of the scientific method Bacon 1605 Descartes 1637 1550-1650 Arts and Letters Baroque movement in art (1550-1725) Rubens 1577-1640 Velasquez 1599-1660

Shakespeare (1564-1616) Michel de Montaigne 1598 Cervantes, Don Quixote 1605 Rembrandt (1606-1669) Vermeer (1632-1675) 1650-1750 Government

Protectorate in England 1653-1658 Oliver Cromwell English monarchy restored (1660) Ottoman siege of Vienna (1683) Glorious Revolution in England (1688-1689) Peter the Great of Russia (1689-1725) 1650-1750 Government contd

War of Spanish Succession 1701-1713 Peace of Utrecht 1713 Frederick William I of Prussia 1713-1740 Louis XV of France 1715-1774 Maria Theresa of Austria 1740-1780 Frederick the Great of Prussia 1740-1786 1650-1750 Society and Economy

Height of mercantilism 1650-1750 Agricultural revolution in England 1650-1850 Colberts economic reforms in France 1663-1683 Last appearance of bubonic plague in W. Europe 1720 Growth of European population 1720-1789 Enclosure movement in England 1730-1830 1650-1750 Religion and Society Social contract theory Hobbes Leviathan

Locke Second Treatise Revocation of the Edict of Nantes 1685 James II tries to restore Catholicism in England 1685-1688 Wesley, founder of Methodism 1703-1791 Montesquieu, Spirit of Laws 1650-1750 Science and Technology

Jethro Tull 1674-1741 Newton, Principia Mathematica 1687 Newcomen develops steam engine 1705 Charles Townsend introduces crop rotation 1730 1650-1750 Arts and Letters Construction of Baroque palaces 1650-1725 Bach, 1685-1750 Enlightenment begins, 1690

1750-1850 Government Seven Years War 1756-1763 Catherine the Great of Russia, 1762-1796 Partition of Poland, 1772-1795 Louis XVI of France, 1774-1792 French Revolution, 1789-1799

Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815 Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815 1750-1850 Government contd Greece wins independence from Ottomans, 1830 Great Britain: Reform Bill of 1832 Poor Law reform, 1834 Chartists, repeal of Corn Laws, 1838-1848 Revolutions in Europe, 1848 1750-1850 Society and Economy

Growth of illegitimate births, 1750-1850 Industrial revolution in western Europe, 1780-1850 Serfdom abolished in France, 1789 British takeover of India complete, 1805 British slave trade abolished, 1807 German Zollverein founded, 1834

Great Famine in Ireland, 1845-1851 First public health law in Britain, 1848 1750-1850 Religion and Philosophy Rousseau, The Social Contract and Emile, 1762 Papacy dissolves the Jesuits, 1773 Smith, Wealth of Nations, 1776 Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women, 1792

Malthus, Essay on the Principle of Population, 1798 1750-1850 Religion and Philosophy contd Napoleon signs Concordat with church, 1801 Herbert Spencer, Social Darwinist, 1820-1903 Nietzshe, radical and influential German philosopher, 1844-1900 Marx, Communist Manifesto, 1848 1750-1850

Science and Technology Hargreaves spinning jenny, 1765 Arkwrights water frame, 1765 Watts steam engine, 1780s Edward Jenner, smallpox vaccine, 1796 First railroad, Great Britain, 1825 1750-1850 Arts and Letters

Encyclopedia, edited by Diderot and dAlembert, 1751-1765 Classical style in music, 1770-1830 Mozart, 1756-1791 Beethoven, 1770-1827 Wordsworth, English romantic poet, 1770-1850 Romanticism in art and literature, 1790-1850 Hugo, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, 1831 1850-1950 Government

Second Empire in France 1852-1870 Crimean War 1853-1856 Unification of Italy 1859-1870 Bismarck leads Germany 1862-1890 Third Republic of France 1870-1940 1850-1950 Government

Congress of Berlin 1878 Scramble for Africa 1880-1900 Dreyfus affair 1894-1899 Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 WWI 1914-1918 Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1918 Treaty of Versailles, 1919 1850-1950 Government

Mussolini seizes power, 1922 Stalin comes to power, 1927 Hitler comes to power, 1933 Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936 Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 WWII, 1939-1945 1850-1950

Government United Nations founded 1945 Cold War begins, 1947 Founding of Israel, 1948 Communist government in China, 1949 Korean War, 1950-1953 De-Stalinization of USSR under Khrushchev, 1953-1964

1850-1950 Society and Economy Russian serfs emancipated, 1861 Property rights for women in Britain, 1882 Second Industrial Revolution, 1880-1913 Witte directs industrialization of Russia, 1892-1899

Womens suffrage movement in Britain, 1900-1914 Bread riots in Russia, 1917 N.E.P. in USSR, 1921 Great Depression, 1929-1939 1850-1950 Society and Economy Rapid industrialization of USSR, 1930s Holocaust, 1941-1945 Marshall Plan, 1947

European Economic Community founded, 1957 1850-1950 Religion and Philosophy Marx, Das Capital 1867 Growth of public education in France, 1880-1900 Keynes, Economic Consequences of the Peace, 1919 Emergence of existentialism, 1920s

Revival of Christianity, 1920-1930s De Beauvoir, The Second Sex, 1949 1850-1950 Science and Technology

Modernization of Paris, 1850-1870 Great Exhibition in London, 1851 Freud, 1856-1939 Darwin, Origin of Species, 1859 Pasteur develops germ theory, 1860s Mendeleev develops the periodic table, 1869 Electrical industry, 1880-1900 Trans-Siberian RR, 1890s Marie Curie, discovery of radium, 1898 1850-1950 Science and Technology

First airplane flight, 1903 Einstein develops theory of relativity, 1905-1910 Submarine warfare introduced, 1915 Heroic Age of Physics, 1920s First major public radio broadcast, 1920 First talking movies, 1930 Radar system in England, 1939 1850-1950 Science and Technology

U.S. drops atomic bombs, 1945 Watson and Crick, double-helix, 1953 Russian satellite in orbit, 1957 1850-1950 Arts and Letters Realism in art and literature, 1850-1870 Tolstoy, War and Peace, 1869

Impressionism in art, 1870-1900 Emile Zola, Germinal, 1885 Kipling, White Mans Burden, 1899 Cubism in art, 1905-1930 1850-1950 Arts and Letters

Bauhaus, 1920s Dadaism and surrealism, 1920s Woolf, Jacobs Room, 1922 Joyce, Ulysses, 1922 Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front, 1929 Picasso, Guernica, 1937 Cultural purge in USSR, 1946-1952 Orwell, 1984, 1949 Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago, 1956 1950-Present Government

Building of the Berlin Wall, 1961 U.S. in Vietnam, 1964-1973 Prague Spring, 1968 Dtente between U.S. and USSR, 1970s Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, 1979-1989 U.S. military buildup, 1980s 1950-Present Government

Solidarity movement in Poland, 1980 Unification of Germany (east and west) 1989 Persian Gulf War, 1991 Dissolution of USSR, 1991 Civil war in Yugoslavia, 1991-2001

Separatist war breaks out in Chechnya, 1991 9/11, 2001 War in Afghanistan, 2001 War in Iraq, 2003 1950-Present Society and Economy

Feminist movement, 1970s OPEC oil price increases, 1973, 1979 Maastricht Treaty, 1990 European Community become European Union, 1993 Migration to western Europe increases, 1990 Euro enters circulation, 2002 Worldwide financial crisis begins, 2008 1950-Present Religion and Philosophy

Pope John Paul II, 1978-2005 Revival of religion in USSR, 1985Growth of Islam in Europe, 1990s Pope Benedict XVI, 2005 Pope Francis, 2013 1950-Present Science and Technology

Space Race, 1960s Russian cosmonaut first to orbit globe, 1961 American astronaut first to moon, 1969 Computer revolution, 1980s-1990s Pentium processor invented, 1993 First genetically cloned sheep, 1996 Global warming concerns, 2000s First hybrid car, 2003 1950-Present Arts and Letters The Beatles, 1960s Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, 1962

Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, 1963 Continuity and Change: 1450-1815 Economic Changes Development of triangle trade Creation of a Spanish Empire in the New World Establishment of English and French colonies in North America Shift to cash crops Enclosure movement in England Cottage industry in England Economic continuities

Agricultural economy with manufacturing and trade supplements Continuity and Change: 1450-1815 Social/Cultural Changes Social continuities Traditional population cycle broken Creation/growth of merchant class Reformation fractures Church

Creation of wage labor Rise of scientific thinking and the Enlightenment Patriarchal society Privileges of the aristocracy Dominance of Catholic Church in Spain, France, and Italy Serfdom in Russia Continuity and Change: 1450-1815 Political Changes Political Continuities

Consolidation and centralization of power in the monarchy Constitutionalism in England and Holland Establishment of a republic in France Monarchy as the normal form of government Continuity and Change: 1815present Economic Changes Economic Continuities

Second I.R. and growth of middle class Creation and expansion of the British Empire U.S. and USSR as superpowers Integration of the European economy British leadership maintained (until WWII) Continuity and Change: 1815present Social/Cultural Changes Social/Cultural Continuities

Death of the belief in progress in European culture Rise and spread of globalization Anti-Semitism Continuity and Change: 1815present Political Changes Political Continuities Development of mass politics Rise of extreme nationalism Creation of USSR and Iron

Curtain Dominance of US and USSR after WWII Western European leadership in progress towards democratization

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