Archetypes What is an archetype? An original model which other things are similarly patterned after An image, story pattern, character type, representation, or recurring idea Different kinds of archetypes 1. Setting
2. Situational 3. Symbolic 4. Character Examples of setting archetypes The crossroads The castle The underworld The maze or labyrinth
The Crossroads The place of suffering and decision Example: Willow The Castle The strong place of safety Holds the treasure or the princess May be bewitched or enchanted
May represent home or some other safe place Example: King Arthurs Camelot Examples of situational archetypes The quest The initiation The fall Good vs. evil The unhealable wound
The task The journey Death and rebirth Nature vs. mechanistic world The ritual The Quest A quest describes a search for someone or something of great power or importance A quest is never easily accomplished and often includes near impossible challenges
Examples: The Initiation An initiation symbolizes a right of passage An adolescent may come into adulthood through an initiatory Very much connected with growing up and maturity Example: The Fall Shows a descent from a higher to lower state of being
Represents a loss of innocence Usually comes with some type of expulsion as a result of disobedience Examples: Good vs. Evil Battle between two primal forces Traditionally, Good will triumph over evil Can be found in almost any movie, book, or television show Protagonist vs. antagonist
Example: The Unhealable Wound Either physical or psychological damage that cannot be repaired Indicates a loss of innocence Drive the sufferer to extremes Example: Examples of symbolic archetypes Light vs. darkness
The magic weapon Water vs. desert Heaven vs. hell Innate wisdom vs. educated stupidity Haven vs. wilderness Supernatural intervention Fire vs. ice Light vs. Darkness Light suggests hope, renewal, or enlightenment Darkness implies mystery, ignorance, or despair
Example: The battle of light and darkness will stretch beyond actual light and dark.
The good (light) and bad (dark) can be seen through a storys characters and their actions. The Magic Weapon A symbol of the heros
extraordinary quality No other can use it to its full potential Traditionally given by a mentor Example: Arthur pulls the sword from the stone, not because he is stronger than others, but because of his good qualities and righteousness
Examples of character archetypes The hero The mentor The temptress The damsel in distress The young man from the provinces The monster/villain The wise old man
The friendly beast The underdog The loyal retainer The initiates The unfaithful wife
The hunting group of companions The star-crossed lovers The scapegoat The devil figure The creature of nightmares The allies The trickster/fool The outcast
The evil figure with the ultimately good heart The Earthmother/mother figure The father figure The innocent The Hero Traditionally the protagonist of a story Often his past is a mystery
He is the champion, king, leader or savior of many Endures pain and sorrow that all lead to a greater good The Mentor Serve as a teacher or counselor to the initiate or future hero Role Model
Sometimes a Father or Mother figure Example: The Karate Kids Mr. Miyagi The Temptress Sensuous with beauty The hero is physically attracted to her but she will ultimately bring about his downfall
Example: From the X-men comics and movies, Jean Grey and Cyclopes fall in love, but she ultimately brings his downfall by turning into the Phoenix and killing him. The Damsel in Distress Vulnerable woman who must be rescued by the hero She is often used as bait to trap the
hero Example: Mary Jane Watson is often being tossed around by villains. Lucky for her Spiderman is her boy-toy! The Friendly Beast Shows characteristics of the hero Finds villains threatening and may
attempt to warn the hero Loyal only to the hero & the heros companions Example: Chewbacca is Han Solos companion, may look scarybut hes really just a big, hairy, heroic baby! The Loyal Retainer
Somewhat heroic Similar to a servant with hero like qualities Duty: Protect the Hero Example: Sam from The Lord of The Rings is the loyal retainer of Frodo.
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