ASL Linguistics - American Sign Language

ASL Linguistics - American Sign Language

Dr. Bill Vicars Lifeprint.c om

ASL Linguistics:

Verbs EAT

ENJOY FORGET

HAVE LIKE

LOVE PUNISH

UPSET Static location =

location doesnt change

articulatory means

having to do with producing the sign

articulation is of void

meaning articulation is

form and process but not meaning

If a signs location is articulatory

then location doesnt

influence meaning An

articulatory location is

just a phoneme. We call

such verbs: plain New

topic GIVE

INFORM TELL

PICK-ON SEND

PAY you-GIVEme

youINFORMme TELL-me

you-PICKON-me you-SENDme

you-PAYme These verbs are

called Indicating verbs

Example: I hate him.

doesnt need I or him.

The direction and orientation of

the verb indicate who is the

subject and who/what is the object.

1 location equals subject st

2 location equals the object

nd Exception:

HIRE and INVITE HIRE: 1

location is object. st

#SAY-NO-TO can be used to express the

English sentence I SAY NO TO HIM.

New topic

look-ateachother understan d-eachother

Reciprocating action

reciprocal verbs

New topic

Consider the sign THROW

Example: JOHN THROW ^ ROCK

THROW = locative

verb Locative: HURT

#HURT Locative: PUT

New topic

Depicting verbs: Example:

useSCALPEL Depicting verbs:

handshape has meaning

Former term: CLASSIFIER PREDICATE

Emerging term: Depicting verb

VEHICLEDRIVE-BY PERSONWALK

FLATSURFACE VEHICLEDRIVEUPHILL

Depicting verbs blend objects into

communication Example:

telling about a rocket

3 types of depicting verbs

1. Show where something is.

Example: VEHICLEbe-at

2. Show what something looks like.

FLATSURFACEEXTENDUPWARD (sizes and

shapes) 3. Movement

or Action Example: VEHICLEDRIVE-TO

VEHICLEWINDDRIVE-TO ---

If used often enough, depicting

verbs become lexicalized

into regular signs. For example

KEY DRINK

PACK FUNERAL

--- Metaphorical

depiction: FALL-IN-LOVE

TRUST

Dr. Bill Vicars Lifeprint.c om

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