Assessing Hyperthermia and Cancer Research Productivity

Assessing Hyperthermia and Cancer Research Productivity

Assessing Hyperthermia and Cancer Research Productivity
Shu-Wan Yeh1*, Shih-Ting Hung1, Yuan-Hsin Chang1, Yee-Shuan Lee2 and Yuh-Shan Ho1#
1
School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University
2
Bibliometric Centre, Taipei Medical University - Wan-Fang Hospital
Introduction
Fever is one of the most powerful mechanisms in our immune system. Hyperthermia artifici
ally induces fever in patients who are unable to mount a natural fever response to infection,
inflammation or other health challenges. It is an effective self-help treatment for the commo
n cold and ful (The Burton Goldberg Group, 1993). The objective was to evaluate hyperther
mia and cancer research production pattern from 1991 to 2002 in the scientific journals liste
d by ISI (Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, USA).

Table 1. Publication output, citation frequency,
CPP and RCR of top 20 publishing countries
Country
USA
Japan
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
France
Canada
UK
India
Peoples R China
Denmark
Israel
Australia
Belgium
Norway
Ukraine
Austria
Switzerland
Greece
Russia

Methodology
The research papers were obtained upon Science Citation Index (SCI) literature search with
defined keywords hyperthermia and cancer. Analysis variables included number of authors
, sources, language, document type, research address, times cited and publication year. Re
lative Citation Rate (RCR) value higher than 1 indicated it has much impact than the averag
e of its field.
Results and Discussion
The number of papers published by different countries in the 1991-2002 period and their per
centage share is shown in Table 1. Ranking based on citation analysis yielded quite a differ
ent ranking of countries even though CPP and RCR did not show distinctive patterns. Count
ries with RCR value higher than 1 indicated they had much impact than the average of this f
ield. Figure 1 clearly showed the citation per publication (CPP) and the production trend.
A total of 1504 papers were published in 399 SCI indexed journals from 48 countries during
the time span from 1991 to 2002 concerning hyperthermia and cancer (Figure 1). Over 96%
of the papers were published in English with French, German, Japanese and Russian accou
nted for the remaining share. Most papers were published by United States and Japan contr
ibuting 32% and 19% respectively (Table 1). 90% of the papers were in the form of articles,
5.7% review, 1.5% meeting abstract, 1.1% editorial material, 0.86% note and 0.86% letter.

P
548
314
199
90
84
68
62
60
22
20
19
19
18
12
12
12
11
11
10
10

C
5091
1672
1379
822
910
416
544
1005
83
68
192
142
1049
125
70
13
44
106
8
53

CPP
9.29
5.32
6.93
9.13
10.8
6.12
8.77
16.8
3.77
3.40
10.1
7.47
58.3
10.4
5.83
1.08
4.00
9.64
0.80
5.30

RCR
1.11
0.639
0.831
1.10
1.30
0.734
1.05
2.01
0.452
0.408
1.21
0.896
6.99
1.25
0.700
0.130
0.480
1.16
0.096
0.636

P: Publication, C: Times cited, CPP: Citation
per publication, RCR: Relative citation rate
25
P
CPP

140
120

20

100

15

80
10

60
40

5

20
2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

0
1991

0

Citation per publication, CPP

Number of publication, P

160

Year

Figure 1. Annual publication output and CPP

1
20

17
16

P%
C%

2
3

15

31
4

5

6

12

7
11

8
10

2

3

P%
C%

4
5

6
5

9

Publication and citation of various
number of authors

7

27

8
0

26

13

1

10

28

0

0

29

5
14

51 69 15

30

10

15

35

9

25

10

24
23

11
12
22

21

20

19 18

17 16

15

14

13

Publication and citation of various
page counts

Conclusion
Smaller to medium size collaboration was popular.
USA has highest publication (32%) and citation (36%).
The seven major industrial countries (G7) (U.S.A., Japan, Germany, U.K., France, Italy and Canada) represent a share of 79% of hype
rthermia and cancer research publications and 77% of citations.
Kerr, J.F.R., Winterford, C.M. and Harmon, B.V. (1994), Apoptosis - Its significance in cancer and cancer-therapy. Cancer, 73 (8), 201
3-2026. was the most cited paper with 1000 times cited.
References
The Burton Goldberg Group (1993), Alternative Medicine, The Definitive Guide, Future Medicine Publishing, Washington, USA.

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