Asthma - pitt.edu

Asthma - pitt.edu

Meredith G. Hennon, MPH and the Supercourse team in Pittsburgh Background Asthma is a chronic lung-disease that inflames and narrows the airways (tubes that bring air into and out of an individuals lungs). Asthma is the most common chronic

disease among children. Symptoms Common symptoms of asthma include: Coughing Wheezing Tightness in the chest Shortness of breath Causes While the exact cause of asthma is not

known, it is thought that a variety of factors interacting with one another, early in life, result in the development of asthma. Causes Parents with asthma Atopy Childhood respiratory infections Exposure to allergens or infections while the immune system is developing

Diagnosis Based on: Medical history Physical examination Test results Asthma Triggers A variety of things can cause asthma symptoms to appear: Allergens

Irritants Food and drinks Medicines Physical activity Upper respiratory infections (viral) Asthma prevalence In the United States: More females than males have asthma. Blacks and American Indian/Alaska natives have higher percentages of asthma than Whites, Hispanics, and Asians.

Asthma prevalence, 2005 Lifetime asthma diagnosis, 2005 Asthma disparities Death from asthma is 3 times more

likely to occur among Blacks than Whites. Among adults, women of all races have higher rates of illness and death from asthma than men. Rates of hospitalization for asthma for Blacks are almost triple those for Whites. Number of asthma deaths per 100,000 population, 2003 Increasing rates

Asthma rates have been increasing in the United States for both adults and children, males and females, and in the different races and ethnicities. It is estimated that the number of people with asthma worldwide will increase by 25% in the next 15 years. Prevalence (%) Child and Adult Asthma Prevalence

United States, 1980-2007 14 Child 12 Adult Lifetime 10 8 6

Current 4 2 12-Month 0 Year Source: National Health Interview Survey; CDC National Center for Health Statistics Asthma Prevalence by Sex United States, 1980-2007 14

Female 12 Male Lifetime Prevalence (%)

10 8 12-Month 6 Current 4 2 Source: National Health Interview Survey; CDC National Center for Health Statistics 06

20 04 20 02 20 20 00 98 19 96

19 19 94 19 92 19 90 88 19 86

19 19 84 82 19 19 80 0 Year

Prevalence (%) Asthma Prevalence by Race/Ethnicity United States, 1997-2007 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Black NH Lifetime White NH Hispanic Current Year Source: National Health Interview Survey; National Center for Health Statistics Worldwide Burden of

Asthma 300 million people suffer from asthma worldwide. 255,000 asthma deaths in 2005. ~3,500 in the United States. Over 80% of asthma deaths occur in low and lower-middle income countries. Treatment

While asthma cannot be cured, it can be controlled: Medications Long term Quick relief Bronchial thermoplasty Learning to recognize ones own triggers and taking steps to avoid them. Treatment Medication

Long term Inhaled corticosteroid Leukotriene modifiers Long-acting beta agonists Combination inhalers Treatment Quick relief (rescue) medications Short-acting beta agonists Ipratropium Oral and intravenous corticosteroids Bronchial thermoplasty Recognizing, tracking, and avoiding triggers Review Questions

(Developed by the Supercourse team) What are some of the common asthma triggers? Which age, sex, and/or racial groups see disparities in asthma prevalence rates, as well as hospitalizations and deaths? Describe the process of asthma diagnosis.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 幻灯片 1 - Tt

    幻灯片 1 - Tt

    * * Alcatel-Lucent AT&T Bigband Networks CableLabs Cisco Systems DTS Ericsson ETRI Huawei IneoQuest Technologies Intel JDSU Juniper LG Electronics Microsoft Motorola Nagravision NEC Corporation of America Nielsen Company Nokia Siemens Networks Philips Consumer Electronics Qwest RGB Networks Rogers Wireless...
  • WannaCry/WannaCrypt Ransomware Prepared by the SANS Technology Institute

    WannaCry/WannaCrypt Ransomware Prepared by the SANS Technology Institute

    How to Prevent Infection: Patch Newer Windows Versions (Windows Vista, 7-10, Windows Server 2008-2016) can be patched with MS17-010 released by Microsoft in March. Microsoft released a patch for older systems going back to Windows XP and Windows 2003 on...
  • Economics of strategy and competitive and corporate typologies

    Economics of strategy and competitive and corporate typologies

    Sirsi Ajay K. Marketing Led - Sales Driven. 2005 Вопрос профессора Преображенского «Сегодняшняя классическая модель корпорации исторически выросла из средневековых армий…
  • Lesson 11: Separately Excited Motor Examples

    Lesson 11: Separately Excited Motor Examples

    KVL in armature circuit gives. Multiply by I. a From generator power balance. Where: P em = the mechanical power developed in the armature andP e. is the electrical power input to the motorCombining above equations gives. Where: R acir...
  • The Scope and Limits of Simulation in Automated Reasoning and ...

    The Scope and Limits of Simulation in Automated Reasoning and ...

    The Scope and Limits of Simulation in Automated Reasoning and Cognitive Models. Ernest Davis. February 23, 2017 ... they're awful. If you ask them to place a bucket to catch it, they're pretty good. (Smith and Vul, 2013) ... The...
  • A Grade 8 Parents Information Session on Pathway

    A Grade 8 Parents Information Session on Pathway

    "A student who successfully completes all these math courses will be fully prepared to enrol in Advanced Functions (MHF 4U0) in his/her 4. th. year at SLSS." "MFM 1H0 is a two week transition course in math. This transition does...
  • WELCOME AGENDA  DECEMBER 2, 2009 1. Welcome 2.
  • Ocean Topography - Lake Stevens School District

    Ocean Topography - Lake Stevens School District

    Contain submarine canyons - canyons eroded by glaciers which channel sediments to the ocean floor. ... floor. 4. Continental Rise- consists of a thick layer of sediments which accumulate in a deposit called a deep sea fan. ... Ocean Topography