Astronomy Club Xmas Quiz 2017

Astronomy Club Xmas Quiz 2017

Astronomy Club Xmas Quiz 2017 Questions and Answers Q1: The only planet that shows phases apart from Mercury is? [A]Earth [B]Venus [C] Jupiter [D] Saturn [E] The Moon

Q2: Which among the following is Brightest star? [A]Sirius [B]Alpha Centauri [C] Proxima Centauri [D] Polaris Q3: Which among the following two gases contribute to begin the formation of stars?

[A]Hydrogen & Nitrogen [B]Nitrogen and Helium [C]Helium & Hydrogen [D]Hydrogen and Oxygen. Q4: In Pink Floyds song, "Astronomy Domine, which three planets in the solar system are mentioned? One point for each correct guess! Planets to pick from: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

Special clue: Pluto is not mentioned! Lime and limpid green, a second scene A fight between the blue you once knew. Floating down, the sound resounds Around the icy waters underground. Jupiter and Saturn, Oberon, Miranda and Titania. Neptune, Titan, Stars can frighten. Q5: Which planet has a moon named Phobos that is

predicted to possibly smash into the planet sometime within the next 30-50 million years? 1. Mars 2. Uranus 3. Jupiter 4. Venus Q6: Named after a Trojan prince in Greek mythology, what is the largest moon in our solar system, which

can be seen in this photo of Jupiter? 1. Dione 2. Mimas 3. Ganymede 4. Rhea This beautiful image is of the Butterfly Nebula taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in the 1990s. Q7: What kind of astronomical object is defined as an

interstellar cloud of ionized gasses and dust? 1. Gas giant 2. Constellation 3. Nebula 4. Aurora Q8: By looking at this image, can you tell me what general kind of galaxy the Milky Way is? 1. Elliptical galaxy

2. Lenticular galaxy 3. Irregular galaxy 4. Spiral galaxy There are many gaps in the rings of Saturn. Of the options listed only the Maxwell Gap is one of them. Q9: I am sure that my friend known as Agent 86 could answer just what is the name of the dark space seen here in the rings of Saturn? 1. The James Gap

2. The Bond Gap 3. The Madonna Gap 4. The Maxwell Gap Q10: Author Mark Twain could tell you that this is an image of which celestial body that is seen on earth every 75 to 76 years? 1. Samuel's Comet 2. Langhorne's Comet 3. Clemens's Comet

4. Halley's Comet For a bonus point, what is the connection between Twain and this comet? On the date of the both the birth and the death of American author Mark Twain, Halley's Comet was overhead. English astronomer Edmond Halley (1656-1742) successfully predicted the return of this comet and it was named in his honor. Question 11: What do the letters ESA stand for?

European Space Agency Question 12: What do the letters ISS stand for? International Space Station Q13: What is the name of the most prominent crater on the Moon? 1. Tycho (after Tycho Brahe)

2. Copernicus 3. Kepler Q14: In 1609 Galileo discovered four moons orbiting Jupiter. Three of them are named "Io", "Ganymede" and "Callisto." What did he name the other one? 1. Vesta 2. Europa 3. Amalthea

Q15: How many tails does a comet have as it approaches the Sun? 1. One 2. Two 3. Three Q16: What did the Earth do in 1910 that caused unnecessary fear for many people around the world?

1. Nearly missed an asteroid. 2. Reversed its magnetic poles. 3. Passed through a comet tail. Q17: Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta are names for four of what type of objects? 1. 2. 3. 4.

Asteroids Moons Stars Kuiper Belt Objects They are also the names of four goddesses depicted in the paintings above . Q18: If the Earth were the size of a tennis ball, how big and how far away

would the Sun be? 1. 2. 3. A basketball 12 miles away 24 feet across, 1/2 mile away 48 miles across, 126 miles away

Q19: After the Sun and the planets, what is the largest body in the solar system? 1. Ganymede 2. Pluto 3. Earth's Moon Q20: What is the name given by some to the full moon nearest the winter solstice? 1. Witch's Moon

2. Hunter's Moon 3. Harvest Moon Q21: Sometimes there is a ring around the Moon. What causes this? 1. Gravitational lensing 2. Micrometeroidal particles 3. Atmospheric ice crystals

Q22: Who discovered Pluto? 1. Clyde Tombaugh 1930 2. Percival Lowell 3. Tycho Brahe Q23: What is the primary cause of the seasons? Tilt of Earth's axis Inclination of Earth's orbit

Changing distance to the Sun Q24: How many leap years are there in 400 years? 1. 104 2. 100 3. 97 Years that are evenly divisible by 100 are not leap years, unless they are also evenly divisible by 400, in which case they are leap years. 400 years has 100 leap years for every four years, less 3 for each 100th apart from the 400th

Q25: The precise position of the Sun at noon each day changes over a period of a year, describing a "figure 8" in the sky. What is this called? 1. The Analemma 2. Precession of the Equinox 3. Solar Constant In astronomy, an analemma is a diagram showing the deviation of the Sun from its mean motion in the sky, as viewed from a fixed location on the Earth

Q25: What celestial objects are named after characters in Shakespeare plays? 1. Some near-Earth asteroids 2. Some moons of Uranus 3. Some craters on Mercury Q27: What is the speed of light? (in a vacuum) 1. 6,800 miles per second

2. 547,000 miles per hour 3. 1,000,000 miles per hour 4. 186,000 miles per second (299,792.458 kilometres per second ) Q28: Which scientist discovered that the universe was expanding? 1. 2. 3.

4. Edwin Hubble Galileo Stephen Hawking Albert Einstein Q29: What is the universe mostly composed of?

1. Dark energy 2. Light 3. Visible matter 4. Dark matter In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe. Q30: What types of stars are the hottest stars?

1. 2. 3. 4. O K M G

Q31: What is the estimated age of the universe? 1. 2 billion years 2. 500 million years 3. 1 trillion years 4. 13 billion years Q32: Which nebula are "the pillars of creation" located? 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. Bug nebula Eagle nebula Horse head nebula Crab nebula

Mutara Nebula Q33: Which fictitious nebula featured in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Bug nebula Eagle nebula Horse head nebula Crab nebula Mutara Nebula Q34: In which TV show would you be likely to meet a Vogon?

1. Buck Rogers in the 25th Century 2. The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy 3. Lost in Space 4. Red Dwarf Q35: One giant leap for bug-kind Some organisms can survive in space without any kind of protective enclosure. True False

SCIENCE FACT. In a European Space Agency experiment conducted in 2005, two species of lichen were carried aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket and exposed to the space environment for nearly 15 days. They were then resealed in a capsule and returned to Earth, where they were found in exactly the same shape as before the flight. The lichen survived exposure to the vacuum of space as well as the glaring ultraviolet radiation of the Sun. Q36: Has E.T. already phoned home? We now have evidence that some form of life exists beyond Earth, at

least in primitive form. True False SCIENCE FICTION. While many scientists speculate that extraterrestrial life exists, so far there is no conclusive evidence to prove it. Future missions to Mars, the Jovian moon Europa and future space telescopes such as the Terrestrial Planet Finder will search for definitive answers to this ageless question. Q37: May the force be with you

In the "Star Wars" films, the Imperial TIE Fighters are propelled by ion engines (TIE stands for Twin Ion Engine). While these spacecraft are fictional, real ion engines power some of todays spacecraft. True False SCIENCE FACT. Ion propulsion has long been a staple of science fiction novels, but in recent years it has been successfully tested on a number of unmanned spacecraft, most notably NASAs Deep Space 1. Launched in 1998, Deep Space 1 rendezvoused with a distant asteroid and then with a comet,

proving that ion propulsion could be used for interplanetary travel. Pictured is NASA's 2.3 kW NSTAR ion thruster for the Deep Space 1 spacecraft during a hot fire test at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Q38: Good day, Sunshine Tatooine, Luke Skywalker's home planet in the "Star Wars" films, has two Suns -what astronomers would call a binary star system. Scientists have discovered recently that planets really can form within such systems. True False

SCIENCE FACT. Double-stars, or binary systems, are common in our Milky Way galaxy. Among the more than 100 new planets discovered in recent years, some have been found in binary systems, including16 Cygni B and 55 Cancri A. (But so far, no one has found a habitable planet like Luke Skywalker's Tatooine.) Q39: What is generally the best time of year to look for the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis?) 1.

2. 3. 4. No time of the year is more favorable for aurora viewing than any other. Around the time of the equinoxes - Nobody is quite sure why. Around the time of the winter solstice April - July

Q40: How hot is a lightning bolt compared to the Sun's "surface?" (photosphere) a. a lightning bolt is 1% as hot b. a lightning bolt is generally 7% as hot c. most lightning bolts are 11 - 19% as hot d. none of the above Lightning bolts are five times hotter than the sun's surface! Q41: Christmas was originally celebrated at various times throughout the year. When was December 25th established as the official birthday of Jesus Christ? (Note: all the times listed

below are AD, of course.) a. 4th century b. 6th century c. 11th century d. 13th century Roman Emperor Constantine, the first Christian emperor, first celebrated Christmas on December 25th, a date which had been celebrated as "The Birthday of the Unconquered Sun." Later that century, Pope Julius I established December 25th as Christ's birthday.

Q42: "La Befana" is the female Santa Claus counterpart in which country? a. Italy b. Spain c. Brazil d. Costa Rica In Italian folklore, Befana is an old woman who delivers gifts to children throughout Italy on Epiphany Eve (the night of January 5) in a similar way to St Nicholas Q43: Hamal, Sheratan, Mesarthim

are the names of stars within which constellation? a. Aries the Ram b. Scorpius the Scorpion c. Hercules Q44: "Corvus" is the name of the constellation depicting a a. Whale b. Crow

c. Dog d. Sextant La Corbire (Jrriais: La Corbithe) is the extreme south-western point of Jersey in St. Brelade. The name means "a place where crows gather", deriving from the word corbn meaning crow. However, seagulls have long since displaced the crows from their coastal nesting sites. Q45: A librarian at Alexandria provided the first estimate of

Earth's circumference. He was: a. b. c. d. Ptolemy Hipparchus Eratosthenes

Sappho Eratosthenes divided 360 by 7.2 and got 50, which told him that the distance between Alexandria and Syene (500 miles) was 1/50 of the total distance around the Earth. So he multiplied 500 by 50 to arrive at his estimate of the Earth's circumference: 25,000 miles. Q46: Science Fiction films: which one does the picture above come from? 1.

2. 3. 4. Solaris A Boy and His Dog THX 1138 2001: A Space Odyssey

Q47: Science Fiction films: which one does the picture above come from? 1. 2. 3. 4. Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home Cocoon

The Fifth Element Star Wars V: The Empire Strikes Back Q48: Science Fiction films: which one does the picture above come from? 1. 2. 3. 4.

Planet of the Apes Moon The Man Who Fell to Earth Time After Time Question 49: Fly me to the moon Let me play among the stars

Let me see what spring is like on X and Y [Let me see what spring is like on Jupiter and Mars] What are the missing planets in Frank Sinatras song Fly Me To The Moon Lyrics? Mars has seasons. Jupiter, like Venus, has an axial tilt of only 3 degrees, so there is literally no difference between the seasons.

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