Autonomous Machines - Murray State University

Autonomous Machines - Murray State University

AUTONOMOUS MACHINES BY: TYLER ROBERTS HISTORY Started in WWII and the Cold War Now several military robots have been/are being deployed and developed by the armies of many countries. Many of this new technology can be credited to DARPA.

TYPES OF MILITARY AUTONOMOUS MACHINES Ground Robots Aerial Robots Marine Robots Immobile/Fixed Robots TYPES OF MILITARY AUTONOMOUS

MACHINES Land/Ground mobility uses legs, treads, wheels, snake-like locomotion, and hopping. Flying robots are known to use propellers, jet engines, and wings. Underwater robots usually resemble submarines or boats when used above water. Some vehicles capable of moving in more than one medium or terrain have been built. GROUND ROBOTS These small vehicles can/may be carried by a soldier in a

backpack such as the PackBot. Typical armed robot vehicles are: Talon SWORDS MAARS

AERIAL ROBOTS Unmanned flying vehicles (UAVs) Reconnaissance while being unmanned, and carrying cargo/weapons Micro Air Vehicles (MAV) can carry a camera for reconnaissance, serving the same purpose as UAVs but on a micro scale. MARINE ROBOTS Surface ships as well as Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs)

Surveillance, reconnaissance, and anti-submarine combat LMRS uses two sonar systems, an advanced computer and its own inertial navigation system to survey the ocean floor for up to 60 hours. IMMOBILE/FIXED ROBOTS Both on land and on ships The Navys Phalanx Close-In Weapon System (CIWS). CIWS is a rapid-fire 20mm gun system designed to protect ships at

close range from missiles which have penetrated other defenses MORAL/LEGAL/AND ETHICAL ISSUES Arguments over the legal and ethical legitimacy of particular weapons poison as a weapon in war, for example, or the crossbow go back very far in the history of warfare. Who is responsible if the use of an autonomous

weapon results in a violation of international humanitarian law? MORAL/LEGAL/AND ETHICAL ISSUES Predator and Reaper unmanned drones The success rates of these drones are very questionable. Below is a summary of US drone strikes as of January 2014: Total strikes: 381 Total reported killed: 2,537 - 3,646

Civilians reported killed: 416 - 951 Children reported killed: 168 - 200 Total reported injured: 1,128 - 1,557 CONCLUSION Autonomous robots both on and off the battlefield will need to make choices in the course of fulfilling their missions Potentially harmful consequences for humans and other agents worthy

of moral consideration Implementing moral decision-making faculties within robots will proceed slowly REFERENCES http://ethics.calpoly.edu/ONR_report.pdf http://media.hoover.org/sites/default/files/documents/Anderson-Waxman_LawAndEthics_r2_FINAL.pdf http://www.academia.edu/202045/The_Ambiguous_Ethical_Status_of_Autonomous_Robots

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/faq/q-and-a-autonomous-weapons.htm http://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2009/aug/19/autonomous-machines-systems-report http://www.raeng.org.uk/news/releases/shownews.htm?NewsID=511 http://techdigest.jhuapl.edu/TD/td2604/Watson.pdf http://illinoisjltp.com/journal/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Kastan.pdf http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/403762/the-ascent-of-the-robotic-attack-jet/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DARPA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_MQ-1_Predator http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_MQ-9_Reaper

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/17/business/17uav.html?hp&_r=0 http ://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2014/02/03/january-2014-update-us-covert-actions-in-pakistan-yemen-an d-somalia/ http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/03/drone-strikes-interactive-visualization-pitch QUESTIONS?

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