Understanding by Design (UbD) according to Wiggins and McTighe Backward Planning September 2012 Sometimes education feels like being caught in a wind tunnel. http://www.videobash.com/video_show/ducksvs-wind-8233
Connections Common Core Teaching inch wide & mile deep concept Project COACH Evaluation Model Planning Rubric =*Alignment & Mapping indicators Rigor & Relevance Quadrant D Backward design calls for us to make our lesson goals and objectives specific and concrete. Choices about teaching methods, sequence of lessons and resources materials can be
successfully completed only after we identify desired results and assessments . Remember when given a destination, whats the most effective and efficient route? Why use backwards design? Traditional Students memorize for the test and then forget Activity-based design leads to hands-on, but
not minds-on, learning Teachers do all the work to cover the skills UbD Students develop deep, enduring understandings Understanding-based design leads to active and engaged minds Students work to
uncover concepts Stages of Backward Design Stage 1: Identify Desired Results What should students know, understand, and be able to do? (long and short range) This is where we consider the goals, examine content standards and review curriculum expectations. (Enduring Understandings, Essential Questions, Clear Learning Targets)
Understanding by Design 1. Consider the enduring understandings of your study. 2. Develop essential questions to carry the curriculum. 3. Identify targeted skills to improve over the year. 4. Establish unit understandings and unit questions. 5. Design lessons. Structure the lesson deliberately for authenticity.
Intentionally develop skills through the lens of content. Strive for complexity of thinking. Embed opportunities for contextualization. Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Teacher Questions How does my subject relate to the world/life? What are the most important take-aways for students to have? What do I want students to achieve? How do my individual lessons fit with the
overall goal for the class/subject? Why am I teaching this lesson? What does the learner need in order to accomplish the learning goals? Student Questions Whats the point of this? Whats the big idea here? What does this help me understand or be able to do? To what does this relate? Why should I learn this?
Our Enduring Understandings Good design is about being more thoughtful and specific about your purpose and what it implies. If you dont know exactly where you are headed, then any road will get you there.
Enduring Understandings Big-picture ideas retainable beyond the course Every Achilles has a vulnerable heel. [History] Algebra equips us with tools to become informed decision-makers. [Algebra] Discipline is the key to a healthy lifestyle. [Health] Humans are machines. [Biology] Strong writers capture their audiences. [English] Artists establish the dark, reserve the light, and negotiate the middle. [Studio Art]
Geometry brings order to chaos. [Geometry] The best teaching changes lives forever. [Prof Dev] Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Enduring understandings Identifying concepts What is your study really about? Strip the curriculum to its guiding concepts. Example: World History CONTROL Law & Order Weakness & Exploitation
Power & Dominion Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Enduring understandings Grow understandings from the concepts. CONTROL Law & Order Weakness & Exploitation Power & Dominion Every Achilles has a vulnerable heel.
All governments strive to achieve order; it is the breadth and depth of control that vary. Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe WISDOM TABLE You try it. Consider your subject. Establish the ruling concepts. Generate enduring understandings. Share out with the people around you.
Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe What is an Essential Question? A question that lies at the heart of a subject (as opposed to being either trivial or leading), and promotes inquiry and uncoverage of a subject. Understanding by Design An Essential Question Is NOT
It is NOT a question that can be answered with a yes or no. It is NOT a question that can be answered in one sentence. It is NOT a blurry or large question that requires a five-pound book to answer. IS It frames and focuses
research. It connects to enduring understandings. It encourages critical thinking. It tells your audience what your unit will address. It has no single right answer. Essential questions Not always fact-specific
May recur throughout the year in different units Offer prospects for cross-curricular exploration Examples: WHAT IS THE TRAGIC FLAW? WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE IN-BETWEEN? Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe
What is the tragic flaw? Can it anchor to an enduring understanding? World History: Every Achilles has a vulnerable heel. Is it relevant to multiple units of study? What was the tragic flaw of Maximilien Robespierre? According to Hindus what is the flaw of humanity? Can the question extend beyond this class? What flaws are borne by J.D. Salingers characters? Are there any flaws that invalidate the experiment? How does HIV tragically flaw human health? What flaws do old-school artists find in todays hip-hop?
Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Our Essential Question What is the best way to teach? or How can we teach them up? More Examples
Why is the concept of cloning human beings controversial? What invention of the 20th Century has had the greatest impact? Why was _________ the greatest home run hitter in baseball history? Which credit card is best for me? To what extent does separation of powers cause deadlock in the U.S. government? How can a diet be healthy for one person and not another? What is the value of place value? Is pain necessary for progress in athletics? What fictions find there way into non-fiction? To what extent is DNA destiny?
Can everything be quantified? WISDOM TABLE You try it. Lean on concepts and EUs. Construct an Essential Question. Evaluate against the criteria. Revise. Share out with the people around you. Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Establish an understanding of
Clear Learning Targets Learning Targets: Statements of what we want students to learn and be able to do. Arent Learning Targets the same as standards? NO. Standards are externally created goals for student learning. Several Learning Targets must be achieved to master one standard, & those targets are created at the classroom level. Arent Learning Targets the same as activities? No
Activities are the methods teachers use to help the student achieve the learning target--what students do in class. What did you do? vs. What did you learn? Just remember why many teachers are activitybased rather than goal-basedYou can survive the day without a goal, but you cant survive the day without an activity. Mike Rutherford 1. 2. 3.
4. Learning Target Types: Knowledge targets Reasoning targets Skill targets Product targets Utilizing Learning Targets helps to deconstruct a content standard into smaller teachable partsknowing the type will help identify the enabling
learning targets. Knowledge Targets: Master factual and procedural knowledge, to be learned outright or retrieved. Recognizes and describes patterns Understands long-term physiological benefits of regular participation in physical activity Explains the important characteristics of U.S. citizenship Knows that energy can be transformed between various forms
Reasoning Targets: Use knowledge to reason and solve problems. Thought processes to learn. Uses statistical methods to describe, analyze, evaluate, and make decisions Analyzes fitness assessments to set personal fitness goals, strategizes ways to reach goals, evaluates activities Examines data/results and proposes meaningful interpretation
Skill Targets: Demonstrate mastery of specific performance skills demonstration or physical skill-based. Measures length in metric and US units Reads aloud with fluency and expression Dribbles to keep the ball away from an opponent Participates in civic discussion with the aim of solving current problems Uses simple equipment and tools to gather data Product (Performance) Targets: Create quality productsfocus is the product. Constructs bar graphs Develops a personal health-related fitness
plan Constructs physical models of familiar objects Creates a scripted scene based on improvised work Target types tend to be cumulative or hierarchical: Knowledge = knowledge Reasoning = knowledge + reasoning Skill= knowledge + reasoning + skill Product/Performance=
Knowledge + reasoning + skill + product/performance Rigor & Relevance Quadrant D Examples of Learning Targets from the Common Core State Standards Knowledge Targets: Math- Recognizes acute, obtuse, & right angles. ELA- Identifies nouns & verbs. Reasoning Targets: Math- Identifies shapes as two- or three-dimensional. ELA- Evaluates the argument in a text, with relevant evidence. Skill Targets: Math- Measures the length of an object.
ELA- Responds to questions that relate to broader themes. Product Targets: Math- Draws a bar graph to represent data with four categories. ELA- Creates a visual display for use in a presentation to enhance the message. Learning Targets use student-friendly language I can When Ive learned this Can students tell you what they are learning? I can write summary of a newspaper article.
I can locate fractions on a number line. I can describe the interactions contained in the rock cycle. I can identify cause & effect relationships in an informational text. *Rather than the language of the Standard which was created for teachers. From clear Learning Targets create your Question for the day. Those questions that can be answered at the end of the day/class period. Vs. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Our Topic
Backward Planning/Understanding by Design Our Unit Goal/Standard Have effective, efficient planning that leads to student mastery Create a unit based on backwards planning Our Learning Target/Lesson Objective Write Enduring Understandings, Essential Questions, and Clear Learning Targets
WISDOM TABLE You try it. Select a standard for your EU and Essential Question. Write Learning Targets that align to the standard. Share out with the people around you. Based on the UBD work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe Lets begin with the end in mind! Plan for GOALS and OBJECTIVES NOT MATERIALS AND ACTIVITIES.
http://www.wingclips.com/movie-clips/school-of-ro ck/just-give-up The School of Rock GuidingFilm:
Concept: Salvation Enduring Understanding: The Man will beat you down. Essential Question: How do you stick it to the man? Learning Targets: I can analyze the rock-n-roll experience; trace the history (chronology) of rock-n-roll; compare and contrast rock with other musical genres; explain how rock-n-roll can save the world. Evidence of Understanding: Project Rock Band
http://worldsciencefestival.com/videos/the _power_of_the_pentatonic_scale : CONCEPT Music Power ENDURING UNDERSTANDING Music is one of humanitys most powerful tools. ESSENTIAL QUESTION
How can music unify humanity? LEARNING TARGET and UNIT ? I can identify and perform the pentatonic scale. How powerful is the pentatonic scale? Remaining pages in packet. Sample Templates from different disciplines from the book Understanding by Design. Please fill out the Teacher Training Evaluation Form & either leave it here or return it to me
by the end of the day. Thanks! Have a great rest of the day!
Understand and remember the key concepts, terms, relationship, etc. Know how to use the content. Be able to relate this subject to other subjects. Understand the personal and social implications of knowing about this subject. Value this subject and further...
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1. antithesis: a direct opposite, a contrast Synonym: different Sentence: Lord Voldemort is the antithesis of Harry Potter. 2. ascend (uh SEND): to move upward, to rise from a lower station Synonym: climb, rise Sentence: After hours of studying, the...
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disconnected from decolonizing, critical race theorists, feminist or other critical movements. focuses on behavioral change. focuses on re-framing the research process itself. answer to critique of "helicopter" or "parachute" research