Basic Concepts of Democracy

Basic Concepts of Democracy

What is Democracy? Civics Pair-Share Define Democracy Explain the different types of democracy. What are some characteristics of democracy?

Standard CA 12.1 Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and other essential documents of

American democracy. Objective Students will be able to explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy by summarizing the major concepts of democracy. Democracy a system of government

in which the people rule either directly, or through elected representatives. Forms of Democracy direct or pure democracy - a form of democracy in which the people as a whole make direct decisions, rather than have those decisions made for them by elected representatives.

Examples of Direct Democracy: referendum - The practice of submitting a law to a popular vote at election time. The law may be proposed by a voter's initiative or by the legislature. recall - A procedure whereby the voters can vote to remove an elected official from office. representative democracy - A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote.

Critical Thinking: What kind of democracy is the United States? Which One is It? Direct or Representative Democracy Ariz. Referendum Drives

Targeting New Law Dropped PHOENIX -- The two proposed referendum drives challenging Arizona's new sweeping law targeting illegal immigration are being abandoned, organizers said Monday. Andrew Chavez, a professional

petition circulator involved in one of the efforts, said its backers pulled the plug after concluding they might not be able to time their petition filings in such a way as to put the law on hold. t c e r

i D Re e v i t a t

n e s e r p t c e r

i D Congress Re e v i t

a t n e s e r p Foundations The American concept of democracy rests on these

basic notions: (1) A recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person; (2) A respect for the equality of all persons; (3) A faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights; (4) An acceptance of the necessity of compromise; and (5) An insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom.

Pair Activity With your partner read U1 S3 Basic Concepts of Democracy and complete the corresponding worksheet. Be sure to write the definition in your OWN words. Worth of the Individual

every individual has the potential for common sense, rationality and fairness and are entitled to "certain unalienable rights Equality of all persons "all men are created equal," but what kind of equality? Economic, political, legal, social? All men are entitled to:

1. equality of opportunity 2. equality before the law Majority Rule, Minority Rights The will of the people, and not the dictate of the ruling few, determines public policy. The majority must always be willing to listen to a minoritys argument, to

hear its objections, to bear its criticisms, and to protect their rights. Necessity of Compromise In a democracy compromise is used to blend and adjust competing views and interests. Compromise is a process of achieving majority agreement. Individual Freedom

"life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" and the right of individuals to self-determination. Democracy does not allow complete individual freedom. Review Question Describe the relationship

between the rights of the individual and the rights of the overall society in a Democracy

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