Battle of El-Alamein & Operation Torch - Mr. myers - Home
Battle of El-Alamein & Operation Torch Carson and Dora Burek, T. Fung, Archit Gubiligari, Sandeep Singh Sidhu Background on Battles of El Alamein Both battles of El Alamein took place near of Alexandria, Egypt They were a German effort to save the Italian campaign against the British
1st Battle (May 1942): Hitler sent Afrika Corps under command of German general Erwin Rommel who pushed the British to the Egyptian frontier, but was stopped at El Alamein due to lack of supplies 2nd battle (October 1942): On October 23, the British Thesis for the Battles of El Alamein The Battles of El Alamein contributed to one of the first Allied victories in
the North African campaign between the British Empire and the GermanItalian army, which eventually led to the Axis Powers downfall in North Africa. Timeline of the First Battle of El Alamein 194 2
30th June - Axis Troops reach El Alamein, Egypt 10th July - Australia captures Tel el Eisa and South African Troops captured Tel el Makh Khad 13th July- Germans drive Australians out of Tel el Eisa 15th July - New Zealand captures Ruweisat Ridge 27th July- German counterattack and led to the end of the First Battle of El Alamein Map of First Battle of El Alamein
Timeline of the Second Battle of El Alamein 194 2 23rd October - Allied begin their attack on Germans 26th October - Axix begin a series of counterattacks 1st November - Operation Supercharge (break last of
German defenses) failed Map of Second Battle of El Alamein Strategies of the First Battle of El Alamein Germans attacked El Alamein earlier than expected, catching the Allies without sufficient supplies. However, the position of El Alamein prevented the Germans from attacking from the south flank due to the Qattara Depression and forced them to attack directly from the
west. They also used anti tank mines to force the Germans to attack through a specific area. The Germans planned on attacking from the west then cut north to push them back east During the invasion, the Axis forces were held back by Strategies of the Second Battle of El Alamein The Allies have double the troops of the Axis by the end of October and were ready to attack
They first had engineers clear out the mines, then poured tanks and infantry though the mine line with air support Used a main attack in coastal area assisted by a push further south. Eventually forced Rommel to go into full retreat by beginning of November Weaponry of Battle of El Alamein Axis Forces:
Allied Forces: Panzer 2/3/4 + Italian tanks Lee/Stuart/Sherman/ Crusader tanks antitank-Mines Bombers/Fighter planes
Infantry Artillery (cannons + antitank guns) Anti-tank Mines bomber/fighter planes Infantry Artillery (cannons antitank guns) Impacts of the First Battle of El Alamein The battle was a stalemate between the Allies and the
Axis Powers. The Axis Powers suffered from 96,000+ casualties, 70 tanks, and about 500 aircrafts. The Allies suffered from 150,000 casualties, 179 tanks, 1,000+ artillery pieces, and over 1,500 planes. The perseverance displayed by the Allies persuaded the French to start aiding the Allies in the North African campaign. Impacts of the Second Battle of El Alamein
The British gained Kidney Ridge and other vital locations. The Axis suffered from 30,542 casualties, 500 tanks, 254 guns, and 84 aircraft vehicles. The Allies suffered from 13,560 casualties, 332-500 tanks, 111 guns, 97 aircraft vehicles. Turning point for the Allies: First Victory and shed light on Germanys weaknesses. Background on Operation Torch Operation Torch was code name for the British-American
air force landings directed by Dwight D Eisenhower in French Morocco and Algeria Operation Torch was the first step in conquering all of Axis-occupied North Africa Operation Torch consisted of three air force landings: at Casablanca, Morocco and at Oran and Algiers, Algeria which took place early on November 8, 1942 Thesis for Operation Torch
The three air force landings executed by the Allies in Operation Torch resulted in the Ally invasion of Tunisia, which marked the end of the North African Campaign. Timeline of Operation Torch 194
2 8th November - Allied forces land on three different shores of North Africa 9th November - French surrender Oran to British forces 10h November - Allies easily take over Casablanca with an important US air strike 11th November - French Admiral Jean Durlan commands a ceasefire
Map of Operation Torch Strategies in Operation Torch Operation Torch used a three pronged attack, with landing sites in Oran and Algiers, in Algeria, and at Casablanca, Morocco. It was the Allies' first experiment with coordinating the Allied forces under one supreme commander (Eisenhower).
Hitler responded by sending two German regiments to Tunisia; followed by other German and also Italian reinforcements, including tank units. Impacts of Operation Torch Successful invasion of North Africa by AmericanBritish forces. Major victory for the Allies. First major air assault carried out by the US in WWII. Allies suffered from 1,200+ casualties and many resources were used up.
The Axis suffered from 3,343+ casualties and lost a lot of confidence as a result of this defeat. Works Cited Axelrod, Alan. Operation Torch. Encyclopedia of World War II, Vol. 2, Facts On File, 2013. History Research Center, online.infobase.com/Article/Details/265040?q=operation torch. Accessed 2017. Battle of El Alamein. Digital image. AWM Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2017. Battleships. Digital image. Blogger. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2017. Biesinger, Joseph A. Battles of El Alamein. Germany, Facts On File, 2006. History Research Center, online.infobase.com/Article/Details/267168?q=battle of el alamein. Accessed 2017
Chen, C. Peter. "First Battle of El Alamein." WW2DB. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2017. < http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=264.>. Frame, Arthur T. Operation Torch. Encyclopedia of American Military History, Vol. 3, Facts On File, 2003. History Research Center, online.infobase.com/Article/Details/204189?q=operation torch. Accessed 2017 Map of Battle of El Alamein. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2017 Operation Torch Map. Digital image. History Through Gaming. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2017
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