Bellringer: 2/24 & 2/25 - Loudoun County Public Schools

Bellringer: 2/24 & 2/25 - Loudoun County Public Schools

Bellringer: 2/24 & 2/25 Pick up the papers by the door. Take out your essay packet. Update 106: Write

your ToC: Notes the Mongols down your HW: Read pages 184-188 (stop at the start of the Arab Empire section) in your DUIKER textbook and take notes Agenda: 2/24 & 2/25

1. Bellringer 2. Essay on Justinian 3. Notes The Mongols

4. Quizizz Practice Background on the Mongols Where do the Mongols come from? Claimed relation to the Huns who founded empires in Central Asia

Called Tartars by Western civilizations (means people from hell) not an accurate name! Why do they leave Central Asia? Nomadic in nature follow

resources Need for water access conquest by Mongols to gain it (why they head towards Europe) Moved on horseback

Important Mongol Leaders Emerge Genghis Khan Used any means necessary to win Speed Siege and surprise

warfare Loved negative PR (thought it made him scarier) Goal: Create community that transcends differences (family ties, ethnicities, religion)

Forced army units to mix together cant only fight with same ethnicities, etc. CONTEXT: Conquered more land in 25 years than Romans did in 400 Other Khans of the Mongol Empire: Batu Khan

Genghis Khans grandson Conquers Kievan Rus, turns Russia into the Golden Horde Kublai Khan Conquers much of East Asia (including China), brings it under Mongol rule Mongol warfare tactics:

The Mongols used different tactics and strategies to conquer land 1. Archery and mobility 2. Improved armor/weaponry 3. Psychological warfare 1. Archery and mobility Mongol society = oriented around

extreme mobility Carried houses on horseback Traveled up to ~60 miles a day! Create mail system to allow quick communication across

Mongol territory Archers = deadly and accurate 2. Improved armor/weaponry What did Mongol warriors wear/use to fight with? Protective

shields (protected against arrows, etc.) Silk underclothes (helped prevent poisoning from arrows, etc.) Wool and heavy boots Overlapping

plates of iron (allows for protection but also flexibility in fighting) Curved sword, bows/arrows 3. Psychological warfare The Mongols tried to outwit their enemies

Fake retreats Scare tactics (i.e. destroying a complete city to intimidate a neighboring one) Basically, there are 2 reactions to Mongols: Resist and die or dont fight and live Resist?

You all die Accept Mongol rule? Lives typically spared Mongols conquer territory as they move east?

How do the Mongols conquer so much territory? Defeat all resistance Nice to those who accept Mongol rule Bureaucratic government develops cities often left

under original rule Religious tolerance Mongols in Persia and the Middle East Mongols in Persia Violent conflict for all involved (many casualties) Mongols in the Middle East

Mongols move into Middle East cause downfall of Abbasids Sack city of Baghdad (mod. day Iraq) Mongols in Russia: The Golden Horde In mid-1200s, Mongols in Kievan Rus

Batu (Genghis Khans grandson) = conquers Russia Golden Horde is established Golden Horde is Mongol province for next 200+ years Consequences? Introduction

of serfdom/feudalism in Russia Some cities benefit (like Moscow) from trade contacts of Mongols Russia cut off from the rest of Europe = bad for development Mongols in China

Kublai Khan conquers China and brings it under Mongol rule New social structure is put in place (Mongols at top, Chinese towards the bottom) The Mongols: The Good, the Bad, and the

Ugly The Good Master military innovations (archery, armor, etc.) Religious tolerance Common legal code Promoted trade (Pax Mongolica) because of all the territory controlled by the Mongols

From Europe From Southwest Asia From South Asia From East Asia Honey

Horses Glassware Slaves Textiles Rugs Incense Finished iron products Finished gold products Spices Gems Perfumes

Textiles Gunpowder Firearms Rockets Magnetic compass Porcelain Silk Maritime Technology Paper Making Printing Tea

Christian missionaries Italian merchants European diplomats Muslim merchants Nestorian merchants Muslim diplomats Indian merchants Indian diplomats Buddhist religious objects

Chinese bureaucrats Chinese artists, artisans East Asian diplomats Sugar cane Black Death Intellectual Exchanges of Ideas, Art, Architecture, Knowledge was constant The Mongol Empire at its heigh The Bad

Constant infighting for power Over-spending Over-expanding The spread of the plague Centralized govt vs. a nomadic lifestyle

The Ugly Mongol motto: Surrender or die Massacres of resisters Organized terror Lots of babies = overpopulation Plague catapults (biological warfare?)

Activity intro video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eq-Wk3YqeH4 Recap Video: https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=UP-csR_ XuoE

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