Bellringer Write a brief paragraph describing what you think of when you think of civil war. Consider the definitions of the individual words. Civilrelating to ordinary citizens and their concerns Wara state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state The Sniper

By Liam OFlaherty I Can Identify an authors point of view and determine why the author chose that perspective. 9-10.RL.CS.6 Analyze how point of view and/or author purpose shapes the content and style of diverse texts. Analyze how an author characterizes his protagonist. 9-10.RL.KID.3 Analyze how complex characters, events, and ideas develop and interact over the

course of a text to impact meaning. Explain how the structure of a text contributes to its mood. 9-10.RL.CS.5 Analyze how an authors choices concerning text structure, plot structure, and/or time manipulation create effects such as mystery, tension, or surprise. Determine the meanings of words based on context. 9-10.RI.CS.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone.

As we read Your job each time we read a text is to ? ANNOTATE! Remember that annotating is more than just? Underlining & Highlighting Put YOUR words on the

pageFILL THOSE MARGINS! Annotate for the following: Unfamiliar words Characterization Point of view Content relating to THEME

Lets Read Paragraph 1 Together The long June twilight faded into night. Dublin lay enveloped in darkness but for the dim light of the moon that shone through fleecy clouds, casting a pale light as of approaching dawn over the streets and the dark waters of the Liffey. Around the beleaguered Four Courts the heavy guns roared. Here and there through the city, machine guns and rifles broke the silence of the night, spasmodically, like dogs barking on lone farms. Republicans and Free Staters were

waging civil war. Historical Back Ground Republicans-Catholics-Wanted to be unionized or together as one republic-like how we say I pledge allegianceto the republic, for which it stands Free Staters (Protestant/Anglican)-Wanted Division not Unity or a Union with the Republic. This is a religious war. Imagine if you had to fight people in your family over religious and

territorial differences. In this war, people could have very well been fighting against their family. Whole Class Discussion What is O'Flaherty's purpose in this opening paragraph? How does he achieve that purpose? How does this opening description of civil war compare to your description from todays bell work?

Ascetic- reclusive, longer, lone-wolf ex: a monk or a hermit is an ascetic Fanatic- a person filled with excessive and single-minded zeal, especially for an extreme religious or political cause Paragraph 2 On a rooftop near O'Connell Bridge, a Republican sniper lay watching. Beside him lay his rifle and over his shoulders was slung a pair of field glasses. His face was

the face of a student, thin and ascetic, but his eyes had the cold gleam of the fanatic. They were deep and thoughtful, the eyes of a man who is used to looking at death. Does anyone heard of a fanatic? Quang Duc Mohamed Bouazizi

Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk, burns himself to death on a Saigon street June 11, 1963 to protest alleged persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government. When Mohamed Bouazizi set himself alight on Dec. 17, he sparked flames far greater than the

ones that would ultimately kill Turn & Talk What do you learn in this section of the text, and HOW do you learn it? Do you use indirect or direct characterization? S-T-E-A-L METHOD FOR Direct & INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATON

S-sayings T-thoughts E-effects on others A-actions L-looks/physical characteristics Partner WorkVocabulary Ascetic & Fanatic Look at these words and consider how they are used in context.

Consider PARTS of the words that might be familiar to you. Write a definition of each vocabulary word in your notes. Lets continue reading! Partner Work 1. What does this section reveal about the snipers demeanor? How do we know?

2. What do we learn about the snipers opposition? How do we know? 3. How would you define parapet? Consider the setting and how the sniper uses the parapet. 4. What is OFlahertys purpose in this section of the text? Lets continue reading!

WritePairShare What do we learn about the sniper in this section of the text? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. What point of view is OFlaherty using in the text? Look at the pronouns for clues! What do you predict will happen next? Lets continue reading!

Whole Class Discussion How do you react to this section of the text? Why? How does OFlaherty get that reaction from his audience? Look back at the text and tell me what you notice about its structure. How does that contribute to the MOOD of the text? What would you do in the snipers situation at this point in the narrative? (Dont be a cheater and look

ahead!) What do you think he will do? Lets continue reading! Whole Class Discussion What was the snipers plan to overcome his enemy? Feel free to act it out!!! Critical Thinking(5 points on your next CCC for the

first person who can answer accurately!) Where do you see a brief moment when OFlaherty breaks from the point of view that he has maintained throughout the text? What would have been the writers purpose in that brief shift? Hint: Consider that the topic OFlaherty is addressing is civil war. Finish reading the text independently and answer the questions below.

1. What shifts do we see in the sniper compared to his demeanor prior to this point in the text? Support your response using evidence from the text. Consider what his conflict has been versus what it becomes here. 2. What event in the text seems to jolt the sniper back to his previous demeanor? 3. Situational irony occurs when the audience expects one thing to happen, but something very different

takes place. Is the storys ending an example of situation irony? Explain. HomeworkWrite a CCC responding to the prompt below. Reflect on the following quote from Tennysons The Charge of the Light Brigade in relation to The Sniper. Theirs not to make reply. Theirs not to reason why.

Theirs but to do and die. Identify a common universal theme in The Charge of the Light Brigade and The Sniper. How does each author communicate the theme, and which do you feel communicates said theme most effectively?

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