Bellwork: - Noble: AP US History

Bellwork: - Noble: AP US History

Bellwork #2 Answer the following question on the first page of the first section in your 3-subject notebook.

What do you know about America before Columbus got here?

August 20th: Bellwork #2

The colonizers brought along plants and animals new to the Americas, some by design and others by accident. Determined to farm in a European manner, the colonists introduced their domesticated livestockhoneybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle- and their domesticated plants. In

sum, the remaking of the Americas was a team effort by a set of interdependent species led and partially managed (but never fully controlled (by the European people). Summarize this into 140 characters.

Real Question!! The export of New World crops to the Old World transformed European society mostly by:

A. improving diets and thereby stimulating population growth B. encouraging enclosure of open lands and pushing workers off farms C. Promoting greater exploration of the interior

of the American continents D. fostering conflicts among major powers over access to new food supplies A!

This option is correct. The export of New World crops to the Old World most significantly improved diets in Europe due to population growth.

Todays Agenda: Bellwork

Lecture with guided notes Venn Diagram on Aztecs, Incas,

Mayas TOD

Todays Agenda Bellwork

Textbooks/Interactive Notebooks Lecture with guided notes

Start dropping knowledge! Time Period: 33,000 BCE 1769 CE

The Shaping of North America Earth= billions of years old

Written history= 6,000 years old

European colonization in new world= 500 years old Pangaea (225 million years old) Over millions of year . . .

Continental drift moves continents apart

Shifting and folding of earths crust creates landforms Such as . . .

2 million years ago . . . http://youtu.be/MZ3EhkUIcb8 Peopling the Americas

During the Ice Age, sea levels dropped

People cross bridge Ice Age ends, ice melts (about 10,000

years ago) Sea levels rise

People cut off from each other By 1492, approximately 54 million people inhabited

North and South America! 3 major south American societies Incas (Peru)

Aztecs (Mexico)

Mayans (Central America) Aztecs, Incas, Mayans

Agriculturally advanced (maize) Complex cultures/societies

Mathematics, astrology, fierce warriors

No draft animals Revolutionary! Think-Pair-Share

Why is corn revolutionary? Cultivation of maize (corn):

Transforms ancient societies from: Small, nomadic, hunter-gatherer groups to: Large, settled, organized agricultural villages

An aside . . . The Aztecs practiced human sacrifice

Some estimates suggests about 5,000 people per year were ritually slaughtered But . . .

Between 1530 and 1630, England executed 75,000 people Maize

Reached different societies in North America at different times

Southwest: around 2000 BCE Pueblos FYI

Pueblo means village in Spanish and actually refers to a variety of Southwestern cultural groups

South vs. North American societies Impermanent settlements vs. large nation-states

This difference will affect how easily Europeans can take over Exceptions:

Cahokia- (near present-day St. Louis) was once home to about 25,000 people

Chaco Canyon (modern day New Mexico)

Both fell into decline by about 1300 CE About 1000 CE

Three-sisters farming Why is this important? Nutrient Rich diet

produced: High population density in the North: Creek Choctaw

Cherokee Iroquois Confederacy Leader: Hiawatha

Read: pages 36 and 37 Women in Native American

societies: In most settled agricultural groups: Women tended crops while men hunted and

fished and gathered fuel Women had substantial societal authority Matrilineal societies Native Americans and Nature

Europeans vs. Native American views

Neither desire or means Did have an effect

Exit Ticket Look at the map on pg. 9 of Pageant book

Questions: Are you surprised at the number of tribes on the map?

How do you think the variety of tribes/cultures will impact European colonization of North America?

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