Body Language and Facial Expression - ISD 622

Body Language and Facial Expression - ISD 622

Body Language and Facial Expression You have about 4 seconds to make a good first impression on those you come in contact with. In the first four seconds, people often make spectrum judgments about you and tell themselves: I will (or will not) trust this person. I will (or will not) like this person.

I find this person kind (or not). I find this person intelligent (or not). You can't make a good first impression through your words alone. In fact, nonverbal communication represents between 60 to 75% of your communication. Nonverbal communication includes: Body movements and posture Gestures

Eye contact Facial Expressions Touch Space Body movements and posture Consider how your perceptions of other people are affected by the way they sit, walk, stand up, or hold their head.

The way you move and carry yourself communicates a wealth of information to the world. This type of nonverbal communication includes your posture, stance, and subtle movements. What can we tell from the posture and movements of these people?

Gestures Gestures are woven into the fabric of our daily lives. We wave, point, get peoples attention, and use our hands when were arguing or speaking animatedlyexpressing ourselves with gestures often without thinking. However, the meaning of gestures can be very different across cultures and regions, so its important to be careful to avoid misinterpretation.

What can we tell from the gestures of these people? Eye contact Since the visual sense is dominant for most people, eye contact is an especially important type of nonverbal communication. The way you look at someone can communicate many things, including interest, affection, hostility, or attraction. Eye contact is also important in maintaining the flow of conversation and for

gauging the other persons response. What can we tell from eye contact given by these people? Facial Expressions The human face is extremely expressive, able to express countless emotions without saying a word. And unlike some

forms of nonverbal communication, facial expressions are universal. The facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and disgust are the same across cultures. What can we tell from the facial expressions shown by these people?

Touch We communicate a great deal through touch. Think about the messages given by the following: a firm handshake, a timid tap on the shoulder, a warm bear hug, a reassuring pat on the back, a patronizing pat on the head, or a controlling grip on your arm. What can we tell from the way touch is used

in these photos? Space Have you ever felt uncomfortable during a conversation because the other person was standing too close and invading your space? We all have a need for physical space, although that need differs depending on the culture, the situation, and the closeness of the relationship. You can use physical space to communicate many different nonverbal

messages, including signals of intimacy, aggression, dominance, or affection. What can we tell from the way space is used in these photos? Every action - even the smallest micro-action - communicates information to people who then make judgments about you based on what you have communicated non-verbally.

You could be making the most wonderful compliments or praise to people, but it's difficult to gain their trust if your words contradict your body language. Being aware of how your actions and body communicate is part of being a good SOCIAL THINKER. Using body language and nonverbal communication successfully

Nonverbal communication is a rapidly flowing back-and-forth process. Successful nonverbal communication depends on: 1) being aware of your own emotions; 2) understanding the cues you are sending; 3) picking up on the cues others are sending you. This requires your full concentration and attention.

If you are planning what youre going to say next, daydreaming, or thinking about something else, you are almost certain to miss nonverbal cues in a conversation. Tips for successful nonverbal communication: Take a time out if youre feeling overwhelmed by stress. When youre stressed out, youre more likely to misread other

people, or send off confusing nonverbal signals. Take a moment to calm down before you jump back into the conversation. Once you get your emotions back under control, youll be better able to deal with a situation in a positive way. Tips for successful nonverbal communication: Pay attention to inconsistencies. Nonverbal communication should reinforce what is being said. If you get

the feeling that someone isnt being honest or that something is off, you may be picking up on a mismatch between verbal and nonverbal cues. Is the person is saying one thing, and their body language something else? For example, are they telling you yes while shaking their head no? Tips for successful nonverbal communication:

Look at nonverbal communication signals as a group. Dont read too much into a single gesture or nonverbal cue. Consider all of the nonverbal signals you are sending and receiving, from eye contact to tone of voice and body language. Are your nonverbal cues consistentor inconsistentwith what you are trying to communicate?

Evaluating your nonverbal communication skills Eye contact Is this source of connection missing, too intense, or just right in yourself or in the person you are looking at? Facial expression What is your face showing? Is it masklike and unexpressive, or emotional and filled with interest? What do you see as you look into the faces of others?

Posture and gesture Does your body look still and frozen, or relaxed? What do you observe about the degree of tension or relaxation in the body of the person you are speaking to? Do you use body movements and gestures to indicate that you are listening to the other person? Touch Remember, what feels good to one person may not to another. What is your comfort level? Is the difference

between what you like and what the other person likes obvious to you? Space Are you standing too near or too far from the person youre communicating with? Are you invading anyones bubble of space? Intensity Do you or the person you are communicating with seem flat, cool, and disinterested, or over-the-top and

intense? Timing and pace What happens when you or someone you care about makes an important statement? Does a responsenot necessarily verbalcome too quickly or too slowly? Is there an easy flow of information back and forth?

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