Brendon Gallacher - Resources for Miss Archer's GCSE classes

Brendon Gallacher - Resources for Miss Archer's GCSE classes

Brendon Gallacher By Jackie Kay What are the characteristics of songs, nursery rhymes and young childrens books? Rhyme Repetition Simple grammar Alliteration Strong rhythm

Brendon Gallacher Listen to the poem and think of something to say about: The tone of the poem The meaning of the poem The techniques used in the poem http://youtu.be/CxDl9jWgLRk What is the poem about? Brendon Gallacher He was seven and I was six, my Brendon Gallacher. He was Irish and I was Scottish, my Brendon Gallacher. His father was in prison; he was a cat burglar. My father was communist party full-time worker. He had six brothers and I had one, my Brendon Gallacher. He would hold my hand and take me by the river

where we'd talk all about his family being poor. He'd get his mum out of Glasgow when he got older. A wee holiday some place nice. Some place far. I'd tell my mum about my Brendon Gallacher. How his mum drank and his daddy was a cat burglar. And she'd say, 'why not have him round to dinner?' No, no, I'd say he's got big holes in his trousers. I like meeting him by the burn in the open air. Then one day after we'd been friends for two years, One day when it was pouring and I was indoors, my mum says to me, 'I was talking to Mrs Moir who lives next door to your Brendon Gallacher Didn't you say his address was 24 Novar? She says there are no Gallachers at 24 Novar There never have been any Gallachers next door.' And he died then, my Brendon Gallacher, flat out on my bedroom floor, his spiky hair,

his impish grin, his funning flapping ear. O Brendon. Oh my Brendon Gallacher. Jackie Kay What is the poem about? What is the poem about? The narrator tells us about a friendship she had when she was younger. However, the friendship was imaginary. She allowed her fantasies to provide her comfort and joy until they were swept away by her mother.

What are the differences between the narrator and Brendon Gallacher? 1. Get into a group of three a scribe and two runners. 2. The runners must find the statements hidden around the room and give them to the scribe, who writes them in the given table. 3. Runners are not allowed to pick up the statements or shout them across the room. 4. Runners must give only one statement at a time. 5. Scribes must remain seated at all times. How many did you get? In your groups, discuss why you think the narrator

made Brendon Gallacher have a mum who drank and a father who was a cat burglar? Why was he so different to her family and life? Form Ballad: 5 equal stanzas; tells a story; sad ending Repetition of Brendan Gallacher like a refrain/chorus makes it song-like (combined with simple, childish vocab, this reminds us of a childhood rhyme or skipping game); it also stresses how much she loved him Recurring r sound rhymes; accentuates the Scottish accent (this, along with Scots dialect wee and burn creates a vivid voice; makes the poem more personal) Direct speech gives a sense of immediacy and engagement with the voice

Why is it important that she uses the possessive pronoun my? The first stanza details the contrasting backgrounds of the poet and her imaginary friend. The use of the words he and I make the contrasts stand out. Who has the most exciting life? Different ages He was seven and I was six, my Brendon Gallacher. He was Irish and I was Scottish, my Brendon Gallacher. Different nationalities His father was in prison; he was a cat burglar. My father was communist party full-time worker. He had six brothers and I had one, my Brendon Gallacher. Different family sizes

Alliteration draws our attention: sense of innocence and companionship He appears to be in charge, he takes her - security He would hold my hand and take me by the river Enjambment this experience is spread out over two lines: recurring; security where we'd talk all about his family being poor. He'd get his mum out of Glasgow when he got older. What does this

imply about the experience of growing up in Glasgow? So why might she have Brendon Gallacher as a friend? A wee holiday some place nice. Some place far. some place = emotion of reminiscence I'd tell my mum about my Brendon Gallacher. Liked to tell her mother, to talk about him as if he were

real We see a young poets imagination developing as she makes up a detailed background for her imaginary friend. Even his parents have romantic lives as a drunk and a cat burglar. He seems to have a far more interesting life; she makes him sound exciting. Childish language How his mum drank and his daddy was a cat burglar. And she'd say, 'why not have him round to dinner? Direct speech, adding to informal style No, no, I'd say he's got big holes in his trousers. I like meeting him by the burn in the open air.

Then one day after we'd been friends for two years Indicates the coming change in mood What is the significance of the burn and the open air (as contrasted to round for dinner)? What does Brendon represent? Humorous childish response Repetition creates tension, draws us towards the dramatic conclusion, and the importance of this one day

Links weather to change in mood (pathetic fallacy) One day when it was pouring and I was indoors, my mum says to me, 'I was talking to Mrs Moir who lives next door to your Brendon Gallacher Didn't you say his address was 24 Novar? Enjambment sense of tension/suspense He only exists for her She says there are no Gallachers at 24 Novar Colloquialism; also marks the move to present tense, creating

Why does she use dialogue? What is the effect? a sense of immediacy Look at the words in the box on the right. What do you notice? In pairs, use the words to fill the gaps in the poem. One day when it was ____ing and I was in____, my mum says to me, 'I was talking to Mrs ____ who lives next ____ to your Brendon Gallacher Didn't you say his address was ___ _____? She says there ____ ____ Gallachers at ___ ____ Moir 24 no

Novar doors pour Novar door are 24 What is the effect of the internal rhyme and rhythm in these stanzas? What might it reflect? Why are the lines shorter in this final stanza? How does the tone of the poem change in this stanza? He only exists in her imagination There never have been any Gallachers next door.' And he died then, my Brendon Gallacher,

flat out on my bedroom floor, his spiky hair, What is the effect of the line he died then? his impish grin, his funny flapping ear. O Brendon. Oh my Brendon Gallacher What is the effect of referring to him as just Brendon here? What feeling does the repeated Oh create?

Fond memories; mischievous adjectives show he really existed for her. Alliteration draws our attention to endearing details. Are they cartoonish? Physical descriptions only given in the final stanza his personality is what made him special impish mythological quality Language quiz: For each quotation, say what you notice about

how language is being used. Use the correct terminology if you can! Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style I was talking to Mrs Moir who lives next door to your Brendon Gallacher. Enjambment one of two examples in the poem in which the sentence continues on to the next

line without any pause. It helps create a natural, conversational tone. Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style Some place far. Incomplete sentence adds to the conversational, informal style.

Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style A wee holiday some place nice. Some place far. Conversational style here the poet uses the sort of incomplete sentences which occur in conversation, and the typically Scottish word

wee (little). Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style I like meeting him by the burn in the open air. Dialect here Kay uses burn, a Scottish word for a stream. The poem is firmly rooted in Glasgow where Jackie Kay was brought up and words like

this give the poem a realistic, authentic air. Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style Hed get his mum out of Glasgow when he got older. A childs voice the use of words like mum gives the poem a colloquial, childlike quality which seems to fit a poem about childhood memories.

Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style He was seven and I was six, my Brendon Gallacher. He was Irish and I was Scottish, my Brendon Gallacher. Refrain the phrase is repeated six times in the poem and once varied as your Brendon Gallacher. The repetition of the possessive

pronoun my emphasises the importance of Brendon Gallacher to the speaker. Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style Then one day after wed been friends for two years, one day when it was pouring and I was indoors, Repetition the repetition of the marker one day signals to the reader that this was a momentous

day the day that Brendon died. Enjambment Refrain Incomplete sentence Dialect Repetition Childs voice Conversational style Each person on your table should read one of the paragraphs opposite. Now you need to

summarise your paragraph for the others on your table. Discuss each paragraph and make notes on your ideas. Do you agree with the study guide? Discussion Time! Consider the content, atmosphere and contrasts in the poem. What is the effect of these on the reader? What is your overall impression of the poem? Why do you think Brendon Gallacher is so important to the speaker? What are the main themes of the poem? Discuss your ideas in your groups. Any final

thoughts? Its time to summarise! Were going to make a note of the poems VITALS. Poetry VITALS Voice: Who is speaking in the poem? Imagery: What imagery is being created? is it effective? How Theme: What are the main themes featured in the poem? Address: Who is the poem addressed to? Why? Language (Features): What type of language/ devices are used? What is their effect? Structure: How is the poem laid out? What is the effect of this?

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