Can we measure personality?

Can we measure personality?

Home learning Read the comments that I have made and answer the questions that I have posed, using a green pen. RAP

Use the weebly site Underline key words in the question Ensure research is thorough and use a plan CUS the question Review the syllabus to check I include necessary information Refer to methods of testing (observations, interviews and questionnaires) ensuring their strengths and

limitations are discussed Reference made to the credulous and sceptical approach

Home learning task Complete Cornell notes on the video for Arousal (next section) and annotate the article. Exam questions. KQ

Achievement Motivation Book 2 Page 90 Outcomes These will be discussed at the end of the lesson to review what you have learnt Youll be asked key questions during and at

the end of the lesson Personality and sporting performance Sceptical approach Credulous approach MBTI (beyond the syllabus)

Do you take risks in sport? Imagine that you are taking an exam. If you get a question wrong you will lose a mark. After 20 minutes youve answered the questions that you can do. You have 10 questions left, what would you do?

Answer the 10 questions and risk losing marks? Leave the 10 questions and sit safe? Achievement motivation Desire to succeed. (nAch and Naf) Atkinsons model pg 90 93

Nach NaF What determines the NACH or NAF approach? Pg 92 Cornell notes

Atkinson & McClelland (1976) Interactionist View In any challenging situation, everyone will have both a need to achieve and a need to avoid failure. Whichever feeling is stronger will determine whether the task is accepted or declined.

Competitive orientation is generated through personality and situational factors Personality Factors A = TAS someone with a high need to achieve will probably have a low

need to avoid failure and will choose difficult or demanding tasks which are more risky, e.g. the hard route up a rock face B = TAF someone with a high need to avoid failure will probably have a low

need to achieve and will choose tasks which are less risky and more easily achieved, e.g. the easy route up the rock face TAS = Tendency to APPROACH success TAF = Tendency to AVOID failure

Situational Factors A= If the probability of success low (competing against the world champion) you will strive very hard to win (incentive high). You will be highly chuffed if you win.

B= If the probability of success high (competing in local club match) you dont need to try as hard to win (incentive low and expect to win easily). It is not so pleasing if you win.

Incentive value and probability of success figure 4 Achievement Motivation Achievement Motivation is a concept developed by sports psychologists to link PERSONALITY and COMPETITIVENESS.

The major issue centres on the extent to which an INDIVIDUAL IS MOTIVATED TO ATTAIN SUCCESS. Success in sport is measured against some type of COMPETITIVE GOAL. AGT Page 94

Depends on the type of goals set and how they measure success Goal setting Task , outcome How can we develop approach behaviour? What can the coach do?

IMPROVE NEED AND MOTIVE TO ACHIEVE (Nach) Increase positive reinforcement hence increasing pride and satisfaction Ensure that goals are achievable Ensure that at least some situations guarantee success and subsequently gradually increase task difficulty in line with progress Ensure that tasks are challenging

Ensure that the probability of success is good Ensure that the incentive value of the success is high (is the race worth winning?) What can the coach do? REDUCE TENDENCY AND MOTIVE TO AVOID FAILURE (NaF)

Reduce punishment hence lowering the chance of performer worrying about failure Focus negative feedback on effort rather than ability. This avoids the performer tending to believe that causes of failure are internal (due to lack of ability for example) and reduces the risk of learned helplessness. Avoid situations where defeat / failure is

inevitable (such as performing against a much superior opponent) if this is not possible alter the criteria for success (you will have succeeded if you only lose by 2 goals). What did you learn today?

RAG rate your syllabus Book 1 next week

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