Canadian Landforms - Mr. Champion

Canadian Landforms - Mr. Champion

Canadian Landforms Regions As we have discussed previously, Canada is a large country with a large variety of geographical characteristics.

Due to its geographic diversity many geographers divide Canada into regions to better understand its impact on climate and population. What are some of the geographic characteristics of the Fredericton area? Geographic Characteristics

Geographers classify landform regions based on a combination of characteristics: Age of rock Type of rock

Relief Gradient Process that has shaped the rock It is difficult to limit the number of Canadian landform region. However, there is a general agreement about the eight major regions: The

Canadian Shield Appalachian Mountain Western Innuitian Arctic

Interior Great Cordillera Mountains Lowlands Planes Lakes/St.

Lawrence Lowlands Hudson Bay Lowlands Use the bank map provided to show these regions. Be sure to use color

or some other way to distinguish between each of the regions. The Canadian Shield The Shield is composed of ancient rocks, including some that are among the oldest rocks on Earth (possibly more than 4 billion years old). The construction of the Shield involved the collision and

build-up of a large number of tectonic plates beginning more than 3 billion years ago. Most of the shield has thin, acidic soils called podzols which are good for coniferous forest but not good for farming. The Canadian shield is the largest geographic regions which covers

much of Central Canada, including Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Labrador, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Appalachian Mountains Located on the eastern coast of Canada lies the Appalachian mountain region. This region includes New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Quebec, and PEI.

Once higher than the Rockies, these uplands formed 500 million years ago. Over time, weathering eroded the peaks. Except for Prince Edward Islands fertile fields, the interior is a land of rounded hills and narrow river valleys. Appalachian Mountains This

landform region is heavily forested with both coniferous and deciduous trees, even though the soil these trees grow in is unproductive mountain soil. Soil nearby rivers tend to be much richer than the majority of the other soil in the region, which makes the vegetation in these areas a lot healthier.

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