Ch. 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the ...

Ch. 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the ...

Ch. 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century KEY TERMS absolutism (p. 440)

Form of government in which the sovereign power or ultimate authority rested in the hands of a monarch who claimed to rule by divine right and was therefore responsible only to God.

divine-right monarchy (p. 440) A monarchy based on the belief that monarchs receive their power directly from God and are responsible to no one except God.

intendants (p. 441) Royal officials in the seventeenth-century France who were sent into the provinces to execute the orders of the central government.

parlements (p. 443) Provincial law courts in France. boyars (p. 450)

The Russian nobility. procurator (p. 450) The head of the Holy Synod, the chief decisionmaking body for the Russian Orthodox Church.

Janissaries (p. 454) An elite core of eight thousand troops personally loyal to the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. gentry (p. 458)

Well-to-do English landowners below the level of the nobility. They played an important role in the English Civil War of the seventeenth century. Mannerism (p. 464)

A sixteenth-century artistic movement in Europe that deliberately broke down the High Renaissance principles of balance, harmony, and moderation. Baroque (p. 464)

An artistic movement of the seventeenth century in Europe that used dramatic effects to arouse the emotions and reflected the search for power that was a large part of the seventeenth-century ethos.

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