Chapter 1 We the People - Hart County Schools

Chapter 1 We the People - Hart County Schools

American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 We the People Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: 1 Civics in Our Lives Who Are U.S. Citizens? The American People Today HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT

Chapter 1 List and define these terms using the internet. Section 1 2 Section 2 Section 3 Civics Citizen Immigrants Quota Census Demographics Government Aliens Native-born

Birthrate Death rate Naturalization refugees Migration HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives OBJECTIVES What is civics? What ideals form the basis of the U.S.

government and the American way of life? What are the roles and qualities of a good citizen? 3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives Civics is the study of what it means to be a U.S. citizen. Being a productive member of society Fulfilling the duties and responsibilities of a citizen

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives Ideals of the U.S. government and the American way of life: Freedom and equality are protected by laws. Citizens share in protecting liberties. Citizens are guaranteed an education and equal opportunity of employment. Citizens must respect the rights of others. 5

HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives Some roles and qualities of a good citizen: Voting Government or political participation Informing officials of needs or disagreements Studying civics to understand the government Respecting the rights of others Responsibly using natural resources 6 HOLT, RINEHART

AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? OBJECTIVES Who were North Americas earliest inhabitants and when did they arrive? What changes have occurred in U.S. immigration policy since the early 1800s? How does U.S. citizenship benefit people? 7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? North Americas earliest inhabitants: People from Siberia settled in North America 12,000 40,000 years ago. A.D. 1000Vikings arrived but did not settle in North America. 1492Christopher Columbus claimed land for Spain. Spanish, French, British, Dutch, Swedish, and Africans (slaves) settled in America. 8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? Changes in U.S. immigration policy: 1880srestrictions placed on immigration in response to 9 wage issues 1920sLimits on yearly immigration; quotas set for particular countries Immigration Act of 1990cap set at 675,000 immigrants per year Refugees are not subject to the immigration cap. 1986Immigration Reform and Control Act HOLT, RINEHART AND

WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? How U.S. citizenship benefits people: Freedom is protected by laws. Citizens are eligible for government services. 10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT

Chapter 1 Section 3: The American People Today OBJECTIVES Why is census information important? In what ways does a population grow? What has changed about the movement of the American people from the countrys early years to the present? 11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 3: The American People Today

Census Information Determines how many people each state has in the House of Representatives Shows population growth and decline for different areas Reports how many children each family has Helps government, businesses, and individuals plan for the future 12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 3: The American People Today

Populations grow by: Natural increase Adding new territories Immigration 13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON American Civics HOLT Chapter 1 Section 3: The American People Today Changes in the movement of Americans: The first census found the majority of Americans living on

14 farms and rural areas. 1830urban areas were growing faster than rural areas 1920more Americans lived in cities than in rural areas Mid-1900ssuburbs developed around crowded cities Today there are more people living in suburbs than in cities. Migration to the Sunbelt increased during the 1980s1990s. HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

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