Chapter 10: The Kingdom of David - Midwest Theological Forum

Chapter 10: The Kingdom of David - Midwest Theological Forum

Chapter 10: The Kingdom of David UNDERSTANDING THE SCRIPTURES 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) A class discussion using the following questions: Have you have visited a capital city? What was it like? What historical documents and government buildings do you hold in high esteem? Why? Why did the Jews hold the Ark of the Covenant in greater esteem than, say, a copy of the nations constitution or her capital city? 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political

and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) BASIC QUESTIONS Why did David choose Jerusalem to be his political capital? Why did David bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem? KEY IDEAS David chose Jerusalem, an unconquered pagan city, to be his new political capital because it was centrally located between the southern and northern tribes and was not associated with any one tribe. David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem to make his city the religious capital of Israel; he showed supreme honor to God by the magnificent procession he planned and dancing for joy in the garb of a priest. 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political

and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) FOCUS QUESTIONS Why did the Sacred Author likely change the name of Sauls son in 2 Samuel? Sauls son was named Ishbaal, the root Baal being the name of the Canaanites false god. The writer of Samuel likely changed Sauls sons name to Ishbosheth, sheth meaning shame, so readers would not have to speak the detestable name Baal. What was the fate of Ishbosheth? He was assassinated by two of his generals when they decided his cause against David was hopeless. What did David do when Ishbosheths generals brought him their leaders head? David had them executed as murderers, saying they had slain a righteous man.

Extension: David was remarkable because, even when a man was his enemy, he nevertheless would not vilify him. 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) GUIDED EXERCISE Review the section Jerusalem, Davids New Capital (p. 191). Take part in a class discussion using the following question: Why did David choose Jerusalem to be his new capital? 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194)

GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table according to the map Davids Kingdom (p. 192). Davids Kingdom What are the two Jewish nations in Davids kingdom? Name two cities of Judah. What are the three vassal territories? What are the four conquered territories? Which two cities shown are not part of Davids kingdom? 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) Davids Kingdom

What are the two Jewish nations in Davids Judah and Israel. kingdom? Name two cities of Judah. Jerusalem and Hebron. What are the three vassal territories? Philistia, a small area around the Sea of Chinnereth, and Hamath. What are the four conquered territories? Edom, Moab, Ammon and Aram. Which two cities shown are not part o f Tyre and Sidon. Davids kingdom? 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194)

FOCUS QUESTIONS Why did David bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem? Jerusalem was the political center of Israel, and the presence of the Ark would make it the religious center as well. What happened to the man who touched the Ark in order to keep it from falling? He died instantly. 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) FOCUS QUESTIONS What was Davids mistake while moving the Ark of the Covenant?

He had not followed the directives of the Law to transport it properly. How did David dress when the Ark of the Covenant was brought into Jerusalem? He dressed not as a king but as a priest, wearing a linen ephod. How did David behave during the procession of the Ark of the Covenant? He leaped and danced for joy with all his might, so much so that his wife, Michal, was disgusted with him. Why was it acceptable for David to act as a priest whereas Saul had been punished? Saul carried out a ritual to get a good result for his own benefit. David danced and made offerings out of love and joy, asking nothing in return. This is part of Davids being a man after Gods own heart. 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political

and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) GUIDED EXERCISE A major poetical device of Psalm 24and many other psalmsis parallelism, that is, repeating a phrase using different words. For example: He has founded [the earth] upon the seas, / and established it upon the rivers (v. 2). Another example: Who shall ascend the hill of the Lord? / And who shall stand in his holy place? (v. 3). Parallelism makes poetry easier to memorize and helps people understand the text. In this example, the second line interprets the first: [He] does not lift up his soul to what is false, / and does not swear deceitfully (v. 4). The meaning of the first line might have remained obscure without the second; in light of the second line, the Sacred Author clarifies the meaning: to lift up ones soul means to swear an oath.

1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) CLOSURE Write a paragraph describing how David made Jerusalem the political and religious capital of his kingdom. 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Study Questions 14 (p. 205) Practical Exercise 1 (p. 206) Workbook Questions 116

Read The Covenant with David through Beyond Sinai to Zion (pp. 195198) 1. Jerusalem: Israels Political and Religious Center (pp. 190 194) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Write a tenverse psalm using parallelism (see the Guided Exercise, p. 194) recounting Davids life to this point. You only need five points, each of which will be presented twice, each time in different words. Here is a possible structure: 1. Samuel chose David. 2. Samuel chose David. 3. David defeated Goliath. 4. David defeated Goliath.

5. David befriended Saul. 6. David befriended Saul. 7. David became king. 8. David became king. 9. David brought the Ark to Jerusalem. 10. David brought the Ark to Jerusalem. 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198) ANTICIPATORY SET Opening Prayer using Psalm 89 (p. 201). We will be learning how this psalm explains aspects of the Davidic Covenant. 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198)

BASIC QUESTIONS What did God do for David when he offered to build a Temple for God in Jerusalem? How was David a king after Gods own heart? KEY IDEAS When David offered to build a house for God in Jerusalem, God, instead, made David a house, establishing a new and everlasting covenant with him. David exercised his kingship consistent with being a man after Gods own heart. 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198) GUIDED EXERCISE Conduct a think / pair / share using the following question:

What did King David and the Prophet Nathan have in mind when they wanted to build a Temple in Jerusalem? GUIDED EXERCISE A think / pair / share using the following question: According to the Catechism, no. 2579, in what ways was David a king after Gods own heart? 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198) GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table to understand Gods lavish promises to David and his son (cf. 2 Sm 7:1116, p. 195). Promise Dynasty Kingdom

Temple Gods own son Never disown Never end Gods Promises to David Explanation 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198) Promise Dynasty Kingdom Temple Gods own son

Never disown Never end Gods Promises to David Explanation Unlike Saul, David will found a dynasty. His descendants will continue to rule after his time. His son will rule a kingdom (a collection of nation s). Davids son will build the Temple David had hoped to build. God will adopt the son of David as his own son. Although God will punish Davids son if he sins, he will never repudiate him, as he repudiated Saul and his sons. The dynasty of David will never end. The throne of David will always be occupied by a descendant of David. 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp.

195198) CLOSURE Free write for five minutes about what you consider to be the most important feature of the Davidic Covenant (cf. p. 195). 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp. 195198) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Study Questions 59 (p. 205) Workbook Questions 1719 Read The Davidic Covenant: Seven Primary Features through Summary: The Main Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) 2. The Davidic Covenant (pp.

195198) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Use the table comparing the Sinai Covenant and the Zion Covenant (p. 198) to write a paragraph contrasting the two covenants. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) ANTICIPATORY SET Review the first five covenants (p. 15). 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) BASIC QUESTIONS What are the seven primary features of the Davidic Covenant? What are the three secondary features of the Davidic Covenant?

KEY IDEAS The seven primary features of the Davidic Covenant: 1. Davids line will inherit a kingdom; 2. his line will be a dynasty; 3. when anointed king, his son will be Gods own son; 4. the covenant is unlimited in time and space; 5. Jewish life will be centered in Jerusalem; 6. the Temple will be the center of worldwide worship; and 7. there will be a law for all nations. The three secondary features of the Davidic Covenant: 1. there will be a queen mother, an advisor held in high honor; 2. there will be a prime minister with the power of the keys; and 3. the thankoffering will become the primary act of worship; these secondary features relate to the New Testament realities of Mary, the papacy, and the Eucharist.

3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) FOCUS QUESTIONS Were all the features of the Davidic Covenant obvious from its very beginning? No, they were made clear through the course of Davids dynasty. What did it mean for David to be the highest of the kings of the earth? David and his descendants would be great kings. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) FOCUS QUESTIONS What did it mean to say, The Lord will make you a house?

God would create a Davidic dynasty. What did it mean to say, You are my son, today I have begotten you? Davids son would be adopted as Gods own son. What did it mean to say dominion from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth? It meant the entire world would come under the throne of David. What did it mean to say, Out of Zion shall go forth law and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem? Jerusalem would be the spiritual center of the world. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) Feature

GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Seven Primary Features of theDavidic Covenant What the Feature of the Reflected in Psalm 89 Davidic Covenant Means Kingdom Dynasty Complete the following table to organize the seven

primary features of the Davidic Covenant and the first four reflected in Psalm 89. Gods own Son Unlimited Jerusalem Temple These three terms do not have parallels in Psalm 89. Temple. Wisdom

Seven Primary Features of theDavidic Covenant Feature What the Feature of the Reflected in Psalm 89 Davidic Covenant Means Kingdom Davids son will have a I will make him the great kingdom. first-born, the highest of the kings of the earth. Dynasty The covenant is made I will establish his line with Davids whole

for ever and his throne dynasty, his entire as the days of the house. heavens. Gods own Son When the son of David He shall cry to me, is anointed, he is Thou art my Father. adopted as Gods own son. This anointing will make him the messiah, or christ. Unlimited The covenant is

I will set his hand on the unlimited in time and sea and his right hand space. It will last forever on the rivers. and extend to the whole His line shall endure world. forever. Jerusalem Mt. Zion eclipses Mt. Sinai. Jerusalem is now the spiritual center of the world. Temple All the people in the world were invited to

These three terms do not worship the God of Israel in the Temple in have parallels in Psalm 89. Jerusalem. Temple Wisdom Instead of a particular law for Israel alone, Davids son would get a Torah for every Adam a law for all mankind based on wisdom. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203)

FOCUS QUESTIONS What did the prophets foretell about the importance of Jerusalem? There would be a time when all nations would flock to Zion, or Jerusalem. Who built (did the work on) the Temple of Jerusalem? Phoenician, i.e., Gentile, artists and craftsmen built the Temple. What was the new law of the Davidic Covenant? The new law was wisdom. Wisdom literature was to the Davidic Covenant what the Pentateuch was to the Mosaic Covenant. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203)

GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the table, comparing the secondary features of the Davidic Covenant and the features of the New Covenant. Secondary Features of theDavidic Covenant and Christs New Covenant Feature Davidic Covenant Christs New Covenant Queen mother Prime minister Thank offering 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) Secondary Featuresof theDavidic Covenant and Christs New Covenant

Feature Davidic Covenant Christs New Covenant Queen Mother Solomon brought a throne for Christians see Mary, the Queen his mother on his right hand. Mother, as the second highest The Queen Mother became a personage in history and the most permanent feature in the rule of important intercessor. the Davidic king and one of the kings most important advisors. Prime Minister The prime minister or chief Peter was the chief apostle of Christ

steward stands between the king on whom Christ built the Church. and his other ministers. The Christ gave Peter the Keys of the symbol of his office is the keys Kingdom of Heaven with the power of the kingdom, to shut and to bind and loose. open. Thank Offering The thank offering of bread and Christians continue to offer the wine, called todah in Hebrew, Eucharist in which bread and wine eucharistia in Greek, became are transubstantiated into the Body the primary liturgy celebrated at and Blood of Christ in an unbloody the Temple. In the time of the renewal of the sacrifice of Christ,

Messiah, this would be the only the Messiah. sacrifice that would continue to be offered. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) CLOSURE Use the Graphic Organizer on page 201 to write a wellorganized paragraph about the seven primary features of the Davidic Covenant. Write no more than one sentence per feature. 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Study Questions 1016 (p. 205)

Practical Exercise 2 (p. 206) Workbook Questions 2026 3. Features of the Davidic Covenant (pp. 199203) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Free write for five minutes about one of the secondary features of the Davidic Covenant and how it relates to the organization and practice of the Church. The End

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