Organized crime and Corporate Crime had I a hundred tongues, a hundred mouths, a voice of iron and a chest of brass, I could not tell all the forms of crime Virgil (70-19 B.C.) Introduction Economic crimes of the powerful and/or influential Evolution of the concept of greed
Piracy: past and present Defining Organized Crime H. Abadinsky 1976 Am Task Force Two or persons Supply illegal goods predatory
CDN Criminal Code enterprise crime s. 462.3 (Box 11.4) Attributes Nonideological Hierarchical Limited or exclusive membership Perpetuous Specialization or division of labour Monopolistic Rules and regulations
Crime Groups in Canada Aboriginal crime groups: Kahnawake & St. Regis smuggling cigarettes, alcohol and illegal gambling operations ? manufactured organized crime Power of the black market CP through social development
Cartels: Definition Drugs Columbia, Nigeria, Japanese, Russian Threats to democracy and national security Transcend borders tour de
force Counter measures Ethnic groups: ? An assimilation problem Influence of past social and political environment The power of violence
(Vietnamese) International recognition (e.g., Netherlands) Role of immigration (?) Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs Rebellion or misaligned? Ritualism and retreatism Hells Angels and Harleys A subculture of capitalist system Evolved in level of sophistication
Chain of command Use of violence and bribery Defined rules and regulations Explaining organized crime: Definitional challenge
Che Guevara Crusaders of 1100-1300s Some foreign governments Strain, blocked opportunity, and anomie Functionalism Line between crime and government!
SUMMARY Widespread! Economic impact!! Providing an illicit market Definitional challenge O.C. is formalized and highly structures To counter requires Interdisciplinary, integrated, and international approach
Corporate Crime Crimes against public order by big business The good bad corporate citizen White collar crime E. Sutherland Pervasive in society Challenge to counter Computer and High Technology
Crime Highly profitable and relatively risk free Types of computer crimes Ss. 342.1 & 430 Law enforcement resources limited
Explaining Corporate Crime Differential association Conflict perspective Neutralization Shaming Power of being economically motivated NO single theory or strategy sufficient SUMMARY
Organized crime and corporate crime pervasive Differ in characteristics but similar in modus operandi Intervention efforts minimal Temptation powerful Role of an interdisciplinary and integrated approach Time is up
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