Chapter 12 Services and Settlements - Amy Robbins

Chapter 12 Services and Settlements - Amy Robbins

Distribution of Services Central Place Theory Explains why consumer services follow a regular pattern based on size of settlements. It provides a framework for the relationship between settlements of different sizes, and their ability to provide

goods and services. Proposed by Walter Christaller in the 1930s Remember! CPT ONLY deals with CONSUMER services! Central Place Theory Central place -

Central Place Is The Market Center A central place is the market center for the exchange of goods and services. It is centrally located to maximize accessibility.

Central Place Theory Hinterland/Market Area - Hinterland (Market Area) of A Service The area surrounding a service from

which customers are attracted Note- market areas are examples of nodal regions Central Place Theory Range Distance

Range Range- the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use it: people travel short distances for everyday services groceries and movie rentals low order goods people travel greater distances for exclusive services like concerts and professional sporting events

high order goods Central Place Theory Threshold Distance Threshold Threshold- the minimum number of people needed to support the service

Why Hexagons? Circles are equidistant from center to edge, but they

overlap or leave gaps. Squares nest together without gaps, but their sides are not

equidistant from the center. Hexagons offer a compromise between geometric properties of circles

and squares. Nesting of Services and Settlements The number of Services and size of a Settlement are Positively correlated!!! Different levels of market area exist: 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. Metropolis City Town

Village Hamlet Decreasing Population & Number of

Services Consumer Service Providers Determine Profitability of a Location By Step 1: Range survey local residents about willingness to travel a specific amount of

time to the potential site of a new store Step 2: Threshold identify how many patrons are needed to meet expenses Step 3: Market Area draw the range around potential location of new store, then

identify whether or not the threshold is met within that radius Low Order vs High Order Goods and Services Burgers and Fries Low Order Sizzling Steaks High Order

ChevroletLow Order FerrariHigh Order NEISD Distribution of Schools

Elementary Low - Order Middle Schools High Schools High Order

You Think YOUR Bus Ride is Bad? Click to read! The Services Hierarchy

San Antonio- Austin Corridor

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