Chapter 15 The Americas - Mr. Pfannenstiel's AP World History ...
Classical Era Variations: The Americas 500 BCE to 1200 CE AP World History Notes Chapter 7
Todays Class Today we will be talking about the last of the Classic Era Civilizations in the unit Today we are heading back to the Americas to talk about the Mayans
Ancient Maya Bellwork The Mayans are probably the most famous ancient American people What, if anything, do you know about the Maya?
Opinion Objective WWBAT: Discuss the major characteristics of Mayan civilization WWBAT: Summarize key information
and characteristics of Classical India Theme Tuesday Bellwork What is an example of Interaction Between Humans and the Environment in Mali Empire? Answers Vary
What is an example of State-Building, Expansion and Conflict in Kingdom of Ghana? Answers Vary Objective WWBAT: Discuss the major
characteristics of Mayan civilization Interactive Notebook Set Up 1/17/2017 Ancient Mayan Society This will be on one page
Interactive Notebook Set Up 1/17/2017 West African Kingdoms Chart This will be on one page
The Maya Science/Writing Economy/ Hierarchy
Religion Mesoamerica Meso = means middle Mesoamerica =
stretches from central Mexico to northern Central America The Maya
Settled the Yucatan Peninsula of present-day Mexico Mayan ruins have been found throughout the area The height of Mayan civilization dates
from approximately 250-900CE The Maya Not one unified empire, instead, a patchwork of city-states & kingdoms Much like Ancient Mesopotamia and
Greece All city-states shared common language, culture, and so on Social Hierarchy Most Maya were farmers
They supplied resources for an elaborate trading network These farmers were relatively poor Social Hierarchy Each city had a ruling chief
The next highest group was the nobles Nobles served as city officials and military leaders Mayan Economy
Economy was based on agriculture and trade Farmers grew: maize, beans, squash, pumpkins, chili peppers, tomatoes Farmers brought surplus crops to open markets traded for cotton,
jade, pottery, fish, deer meat, and salt Mayan Economy Merchants traded throughout Mexico & Central America Canoes used to trade along rivers
Goods were carried by humans overland no wheels yet; no large domesticated animals
Mayan Science Mayan priests were excellent mathematicians and astronomers Developed very complex math The Mayan independently invented Zero
Mayan Science Mayans developed accurate calendars Calendar of 365.242 days (17 seconds off) These were used to predict eclipses,
schedule religious ceremonies, and determine times to plant and harvest Mayan Writing One of the first Native American cultures to develop a writing system
Only within the past 25 years have we made any breakthroughs in translating Mayan writing Maya recorded: genealogy of their kings & royal families, mythology, history, ritual practices, and trade
Mayan Religion Believed in 2 levels of existence: (1) the daily physical life they lived (2) the Otherworld, a spiritual world of gods, the souls of
ancestors, and other supernatural creatures Actions on 1 level could affect things on the other level Mayan Religion
Religion was the center of Mayan life Mayan kings was BOTH political leaders AND spiritual leaders Performed rituals and
ceremonies to satisfy the gods Huge temples and pyramids built where thousands could gather for special religious ceremonies and festivals
Mayan Religion Images on Mayan temples, sacred objects, and pottery are our best sources on Mayan Religion Human sacrifice and bloodletting rituals was HUGE part of religious
ceremonies Mayan Religion Some ceremonies also included a ritual ball game This games is called pok-a-tok
Rubber balls batted back and forth across a walled court Symbolized back & forth struggle between this world and the next The Maya Ball Game
High-ranking captives, prisoners of war contestants Execution of losers immediately follows the match Most Maya ceremonial centers, towns and cities had courts
Chichen-Itza - Ball Court A Goal in the Ball Court at Chichn Itz, Mexico Collapse of the Maya
Unclear as to why the Maya collapsed Political disunity? Agricultural breakdown from warfare? From over-farming? Long-term drought? Malnutrition, sickness, famine, high
death rates Probably a combination of all of these factors Collapse of the Maya Though the Maya dominance began
to falter in around 900 CE it is debatable whether the Maya collapsed There are still millions of people descended from the Mayans living in the Yucatan Peninsula
Teotihuacan Teotihuacan Teotihuacan was northeast of present-day Mexico City
Had about 200,000 people at its peak City was laid out on a grid Teotihuacan Excavations show this to be an extremely impressive city
600 pyramids, 2000 apartment compounds, 500 workshop areas, and a huge marketplace have all been uncovered Teotihuacan
Reason for collapse is still unknown Probably declined when invaded by another Mesoamerican culture known as the Toltec Like the Mayans there were also like environmental factors that made Teotihuacan vulnerable
Moche Dominated a 250-mile stretch of Perus coast Incorporated 13 river valleys Grew maize, beans, squash, and cotton
Fishermen harvested anchovies from the Pacific Moche Political System Governed by warrior-priests Lived atop huge pyramids
Used hallucinogenic drugs to mediate between this world and that of the gods Presided over sacrifice of human victims Moche Artisans Metalworkers, potters, weavers,
painters, etc. Face masks, animal figurines, and jewelry often plated in gold Images of daily life (of all classes) painted on ceramic pottery
Ostatní - podobné MHC gp I, ale bez schopnosti vázat peptidy či jiné antigenní fragmenty - FcRn, MICA, MICB, HFE MHC glykoproteiny II. třídy - funkcí MHC gp II je prezentace peptidových fragmentů z proteinů pohlcených buňkou tak, aby byly...
Murray State University Building Coordinator Emergency Procedures Nash House For more information on safety and health programs at MSU, visit our website at www.murraystate.edu Objectives Provide information on emergency preparedness procedures to follow in the following events- Fire Tornado Earthquake...
Why is a water molecule shaped differently than expected from its Lewis structure? What are some of the exceptions to the VSEPR model? Molecular Shape (Chapter 9, Section 4) 9.4 - Molecular Shape. VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) Model...
Libraries Thousands of classes Comprehensive and useful documentation And the number one reason is. . . 1. Portable, standard, and free Graphics and GUIs Near misses: wxWidgets (not standard, not particularly easy to use) QT (not free or standard) GTK...
An open system, or a control volume, as it is often called, is a properly selected region in space.It usually encloses a device that involves mass flow such as a compressor, turbine, or nozzle. Flow through these devices is best...
was written in Middle English, the primary language spoken by the population. In part due to CT's popularity, Middle English becomes primary language for the royal court and upper class as well. Chaucer is called "The Father of English Literature"
WWF Living Planet Report 2018 shows population sizes of wildlife decreased by 60% globally between 1970 and 2014. German Report reveals that flying insects surveyed on nature reserves in Germany have declined by 76% in 27 years. At 1.5 degrees...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!