Chapter 17 Section 2: The Northern Renaissance

Chapter 17 Section 2: The Northern Renaissance

Chapter 17 Section 2: The Northern Renaissan ce Setting the Stage Classic ideas impressed academics and students who visited Italy. Merchants spread ideas from Italy to other European urban centers. 1400s Renaissance spread to

Northern Europe England France Germany The Northern Renaissance Begins Italy governed by city-states Northern Europe dominated by monarchs Renaissance Ideas Spreads Italy Artistic Ideas centered on religious glorification

Northern Europe Artistic Ideas inspire humanist thinking which would lead to social reform Artistic Ideas Spread France launches war on Italy Artistic movement goes North to Germany Franc e

Germany Italy German Painters Hans Hoblein Most famous for his portraits which were photographic in detail.

Flemish Painters Pieter Bruehgel Paintings were Realistic Detailed Of the common people Used rich colors, vivid details of everyday life Flemish Artist

Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt Was greatest of the Northern Renaissance artist Known for his use of light and shadow

Northern Writers Try to Reform Society Renaissance writers produced work in the vernacular or in ones own language. Northern writers adopted the use of humanism in their writings. Many writers gave their writings a more religious slant were known as Christian Humanists

Christian Humanists Sir Thomas More Writer who wrote about the flaws of society Most famous work Utopia Greek term meaning No Place in English came to mean Ideal Place Utopia was about a place that was free from war, crime and greed.

William Shakespeare English writer Poet and playwright *Greatest Plays

Romeo and Juliet Julius Caesar King Lear Macbeth Hamlet Midsummer Nights Dream *The Elizabethan Age *Renaissance of England

Named after the youngest daughter of Henry VIII Queen Elizabeth I Good Queen Bess Patron of the arts in England *Funded the literature works of William Shakespeare Moveable Type: Printing Press Printing Spreads Renaissance Ideas

Block printed items reached Europe from China *Johann Gutenberg Reinvented moveable type in 1440 Craftsman from Germany Gutenberg Invents the Printing Press *Gutenberg

invented the printing press Invention used to mass produce written work First printed work = BIBLE Only 46 copies remain of Gutenberg Bible *Printing Spreads Learning

Enabled mass production of printed word Books (became less expensive) New ideas were easily spread (*secular ideas spread too) Vernacular became more common People could not afford Classical education. Questioning the Bible since could read it on own!

*Development of printing led to increased literacy the ability to read. *Shakespeares poems circulated Quick Review What country did Elizabeth I rule as queen and support the development of Renaissance ideals in her nation? 2. What was the result of the Elizabethan Age? 3. Who invented the printing press? 4. What were the effects of the printing press?

1.

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