CHAPTER 2: Geography Through the Ages

CHAPTER 2: Geography Through the Ages

Human Geography by Malinowski & Kaplan CHAPTER 3 LECTURE OUTLINE Population Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-1 Chapter 3 Modules

3A Population Growth in the Past 3B World Population Today: The Americas 3C World Population Today: Europe and Africa

3D World Population Today: Asia and Oceania 3E The Basic Demographic Equation and Fertility 3F Mortality and Population Change 3G The Demographic Transition Model 3H Population Profiles 3I Population Change in the Future 3J Population Planning Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-2

3A: Population Growth in the Past Neolithic Revolution Domestication of livestock and agriculture Began about 12,000 years ago Slow but steady growth from 10,000 BCE until 1750 Decline during plagues of the 1300s Industrial Revolution Mid-18th century Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

3-3 World Population Growth Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3A.1 3-4 The Black Death in Europe

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3A.2 3-5 Life Expectancies, 2010 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3A.3

3-6 Population in the Americas Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3B.1 3-7 Density

Arithmetic Density Calculated by dividing a countrys population by its total land area. Such as people/km2 Physiologic Density Calculated by dividing a countrys population by its area of arable land. people/km2 of farmland

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-8 Population in Eurasia & Africa Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3C.1 3-9

3E: The Demographic Equation Future population = current population + births deaths + immigrants emigrants Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-10 3E: Fertility Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

# of children born per year per 1000 people in a population Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The # of children a woman can expect to have in her lifetime given current fertility rates Replacement Level of Fertility A TFR of 2.1-2.3 Also called zero population growth Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

3-11 Crude Birth Rates Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3E.1 3-12 Total Fertility Rates

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3E.2 3-13 3F: Mortality Crude Death Rate (CDR) # of deaths per year in a population per 1,000 people Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

(The # of infants who die before age 1 /by all births) x 1000 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-14 Crude Mortality Rates Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3F.1

3-15 Infant Mortality Rates Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3F.3 3-16 3F: Natural Population Change

Rate of Natural Increase as a % (RNI%) RNI = (crude birth rate crude death rate) / 10 Does NOT account for migration Rate of Population Growth Factors in migration Doubling Time Doubling Time = 70 years / RNI% Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

3-17 Rates of Natural Increase Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3F.5 3-18 3G: Demographic Transition Model A model of demographic change based on

Europes population in the 18th-20th centuries. Argues that, as a country modernizes, its fertility and mortality rates drop, but not at the same time. Because death rates drop before birth rates, population increase will occur. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-19 Demographic Transition Model

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3G.1 3-20 Population Profiles: Shows the # or % of a Figure 3H.1 population that is a particular age (or age range)

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-21 3I: Population Change in the Future 1 Thomas Malthus 1798, An Essay on the Principle of Population Believed that food production would not keep up with population growth Neo-Malthusians Modern theorists who believe in Malthus notion

that population growth will lead to global crisis Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-22 Malthus View of Population Growth Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3I.1

3-23 3I: Population Change in the Future 2 Ester Boserup Argued that population growth stimulates societies to innovate and produce more food. Marxists Argue that food is poorly distributed Implosionists vs. Explosionists Implosionists believe lack of population will be a

problem because jobs will be unfilled Explosionists are more Malthusian Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-24 3J: Population Planning Can be controversial Comstock Law, 1873 Resistance from some religious groups Modern focus is on cultural attitudes,

contraceptives, better recordkeeping & technology, and improving the status of women Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-25 Chinas One-Child Policy

Began in late 1970s Restricts # of births for most couples Strictest in urban areas Weakest in rural, minority regions Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 3-26 Total Fertility Rate in China

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Figure 3J.2 3-27

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Unit 3, Lesson 4: The Muscular System - Colorado FFA

    Unit 3, Lesson 4: The Muscular System - Colorado FFA

    Unit 3, Lesson 4: The Muscular System Function of the muscular system Provides movement in conjunction with the skeletal system Important in life support Used by humans for food Classifications of Muscles Voluntary: Movement of the muscle is under the...
  • Ones and Zeros - Widulski

    Ones and Zeros - Widulski

    Ones and Zeros Chapter 12 Early Computers The definition of a computer is "a device that computes, …" The abacus could be considered the first computer. Its effectiveness has withstood the test of time and it is still used in...
  • Fact Families - Berea City School District

    Fact Families - Berea City School District

    Fact Families We are family! An introduction to fact families Welcome This virtual lesson will teach you all about fact families. It is meant to be a collaborative effort between student and parent. Before you begin, you will need to...
  • Welcome to

    Welcome to

    Our shield and defender, the Ancient of Days . pavilioned in splendor and girded with praise. 4. Though children of dust, as feeble as frail, By thy endless trust, we fear not to fail. Thy wing with its sheltering touch...
  • 1 of 3 essays on your ap language test - PC\|MAC

    1 of 3 essays on your ap language test - PC\|MAC

    1 of 3 essays on your ap language test. ... Example: the eulogy of Brutus provided by Marc Antony in Julius Caesar. The purpose here was not to honor Brutus, but to shed doubt on his reputation and to stir...
  • Unit 1: Introduction - CERT Basic Train-the-Trainer Presentation

    Unit 1: Introduction - CERT Basic Train-the-Trainer Presentation

    CERT Train-the-Trainer: Introduction. Importance of each individual's contribution. Practice, practice, practice. Self-sufficiency and problem-solving. Leadership. Ability to do greatest good for greatest number in shortest amount of time. CERT Values (con't)
  • Warm-up activity

    Warm-up activity

    English Bill of Rights. One of the basic documents of English constitutional law, along with the Magna Carta. Statement of certain positive rights that its authors considered that citizens and/or residents of a constitutional monarchy should have.
  • Festival de San Fermn Espaol III In Pamplona,

    Festival de San Fermn Espaol III In Pamplona,

    The tradition of the Running of the Bulls (el encierro) came from the difficult task of transporting bulls from the pens to the bullring.The bulls were simple led along the town streets to the bullring. Some risk-takers found in amusing...