Chapter 3: LINE

Chapter 3: LINE

LINE An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms. LINE

Has many different definitions in the dictionary. You can hit a LINE drive in baseball. You can practice your LINES for a play. You can stand in a LINE in the cafeteria.

Lines can be found in nature in such things as: Veins of a leaf Branches of a tree in winter A puddle of mud that has dried

LINES IN ART DESCRIPTIVE LINES are lines that help us understand what we are seeing. Outlines Contour Lines Single Lines Hatching

IMPLIED LINES are lines that suggest an edge rather than clearly defining one. Implied Lines occur where textures, colors, and values change at edges of shapes in artwork.

EXPRESSIVE LINES are lines that send us messages about what the artist wants his or her work to make us feel. DESCRIPTIVE LINES

OUTLINE An outline is a line that surrounds a shape. The lines of an outline are usually the same thickness throughout. Also, only the outer

edges of the shapes are defined. DESCRIPTIVE LINES CONTOUR LINES Also define the outer

edges of shapes. Unlike outlines, however, contour lines vary in thickness and darkness. They also define the edges of shapes within a form. They give a greater

sense of depth to the object. DESCRIPTIVE LINES INDIVIDUAL LINES Just

a single line can represent the letter s. Chinese writing is an example. Calligraphy is an elegant writing and an individual line. L

Hermann DESCRIPTIVE LINES Hatching / Cross-Hatching Artists

use many thin, closely spaced, parallel lines called hatching. Hatching lines that are crossed, which make a more solid shadow, are called cross-hatching. HATCHING AND CROSS HATCHING

ARE WAYS OF USING LINES FOR SHADING TO CREATE DARKER TONES, IN ORDER TO SHOW DIMENSIONALITY OR FORM. Above by Pablo Picasso. Left by George Seurat. IMPLIED LINES

Are lines that are not seen, at least in the usual way. They are indicated indirectly. An actual line does not have to be present in order for a line to be suggested, or implied. Lines can be implied by: Edges Closure

Lines of sight IMPLIED LINES EDGES Exist

where one shape ends and another shape begins. These edges imply a line. EDGES IN 3-DIMENSIONAL ART IMPLIED LINES

CLOSURE Our tendency to see complete figures where lines are left open is called closure. Example would be a dotted line, we always finish it to make it a solid line.

IMPLIED LINES LINES OF SIGHT Are implied lines that are suggested by the

direction in which the figures in a picture are looking, or from the observers eye to the object being looked at. EXPRESSIVE LINES

Are lines that are produced to express an idea, mood, or quality. A definition of DRAWING--lines and marks made on a

surface. Ernesto Caivano Particular drawing lines may be thick or thin, heavy or light Saul Steinberg, ink drawing Kathe Kollwitz, charcoal drawing

(often depending on the drawing medium employed) A drawing might be characterized by lines that are curvilinear or angular, continuous or interrupted Oskar Kokoshka

Brice Marden (or broad or delicate, rough or precise) Lebbeus Woods S.

Kape 289 LINE PERSONALITIES We associate certain feelings with a lines shape, movement, and direction. Artists often rely on line personality, or the general characteristics of a line, to convey a specific mood or feeling.

Particular directional lines tend to evoke different energies or moods:

HORIZONTAL line in an artwork may Contribute a sense of restfulness, stability, stillness. Pablo Picasso Karen Kunc

VERTICAL line or directional movement can suggest power, forceful stability. Jay DeFeo, graphite pencil Hong Chun Zhang, charcoal graphite

Ernesto Caivano DIAGONAL line best evoke motion, energy, dynamism! Gomedia Most compositions contain a variety of directional lines, whose energies play off against one another.

Juan Gris Hokusai, wood-block print Drawing Examples: various eras, artists, media Lascaux Caves, France

15,300 BCE (charcoal, earth pigments on stone) Nasca Lines, Nasca Desert, Peru (moved. scraped earth) 400 650 AD

Charcoal Edgar Degas (black and white chalk on paper) PASTEL (colored chalk) Odilon Redon

GRAPHITE David Musgrave (graphite on paper) PEN and INK Charles Dana Gibson

Leonardo Da Vinci COLORED PENCIL LINE An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and

volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes

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