Chapter 30 The Revival of Conservatism, 1980-1992

Chapter 30 The Revival of Conservatism, 1980-1992

Chapter 30 The Revival of Conservatism, 19801992

The American People, 6th ed. I.

The Conservative Transformation The New Politics

The adaptation of conservatism was not limited to America, it was a world-wide phenomena in the 1980s Conservatives seized on Thomas

Jeffersons maxim: Government is best that governs least The conservative philosophy had enormous appeal and covered a broad

political spectrum Conservative Leadership Ronald Reagan, running against Jimmy

Carter in the 1980 election personified the conservative ideal His eight years as president saw a return to nationalism and consistently high

approval ratings for the executive office In 1988 Reagans Vice President, George Bush, captured the White House and continued the policies of his former boss

II. An End to Social

Reform Civil Rights Republican policies slowed the civil rights

movement Regan opposed busing and worked to eliminate affirmative-action programs Women fared somewhat better with highprofile nominations within the federal

government The Environmental Movement

Public policy of the 1980s and early 90s were discouraging to environmentalists The federal government consistently leased forest lands, wilderness areas,

and coastal waters for economic exploitation with little concern for the future

III. Economic and Demographic Change The Changing Nature of

Work Technological advances, primarily in the field of automation, had significant impact on the workplace

Less people were needed for production jobs and had to retrain for the growing service industry based on computers Although work became less labor

intensive, Americans worked longer hours Workers in Transition The trade union movement, always and

integral part of American business, faltered as the economy changed to a service-based system Increases in women and young people in

the workforce eroded unions even more Farmers were also hurt as growing consolidation meant fewer farms

IV. Foreign Policy and the End of the Cold War The End of the Cold War

Gorbachevs vision of a restructured and modernized Soviet Union met with aggressive opposition; he was overthrown in 1991 Boris Yeltsin, president of Russia, was

powerless to stop the emerging nationalism of the former satellite states of the U.S.S.R Communist regimes throughout Europe crumbled, seemingly overnight, and the Berlin

Wall was finally dismantled

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