Chapter 6

Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Essential Vocabulary Chapt 6, Sects 1 & 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Metacomet Militia King Phillips War (pg 158)

French and Indian War Treaty of Paris of 1763 Pontiacs Rebellion Proclamation of 1763 King George III of England Essential Vocabulary Chapt 6,Sect 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. Prime Minister of England, George Grenville Sugar Act James Otis Stamp Act Samuel Adams Committee of Correspondence Sons of Liberty Patrick Henry Repeal of Stamp Act Essential Vocabulary Chapt 6, Sect 4

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Townshend Acts Writs of Assistance Propaganda Boston Massacre Tea Act Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts

Section 1- Trouble on the Frontier Colonists relations with American Indians Review: Which nation primarily built forts rather than cities in an effort to further their fur trade? Review: As a result of this, what was their relationship with the Native Americans? How did the English differ in their colonization of the Americas? King Philips War Natives unhappy with English attempts to encroach on their land and English feared Natives.

Led to war 1675 war between English and Metacomet (English called him King Philip) Colonists created MILITIA- civilians fighting rather than trained army Result-continuing tension between English colonists and natives English Tension with French Review: What areas in America were French occupying? Where were the English?

French & Indian War Began when French attacked English Fort Necessity on Ohio River-1754 Led to war between France and England in both America and in Europe (known in Europe as Seven Years War) Native American allied with French because of their trade relationship with French and saw French as lesser of two evils English took Quebec and won most major battles Lands claimed by English and French prior to the French and Indian War Treaty of Paris of 1763

1. 2. 3. Ended the French and Indian War England received Canada and all French American lands east of Mississippi River with exception of New Orleans England received Florida from Spain Review: What was the first Spanish city in Florida? 4. Changed the balance of power in Americaonly England owned land east of

Mississippi river After the French and Indian War all Indian lands formerly English assumed belonging to France now belonged to England they were wrong Meanwhile-English colonists (pioneers) began expanding west into formerly French lands (the backcountry) Pioneers moved into the Ohio River valley and found fertile soil for farming-encouraging more to settle there

English began to build cities, unlike French before them-Natives angered Pontiacs Rebellion Native tribal leader, Pontiac, angered that British pioneers settling in his lands Pontiacs Rebellion Native tribes joined Chief Pontiac to fight British and attack British forts near Great Lakes Bloody conflict on both sides Eventually other tribes left Pontiacs tribe and Pontiac

surrendered Proclamation of 1763 Issued by English King George III Forbid British from settling west of the Appalachian mountains Required British settlers in Ohio Valley to leave, but most ignored Good example of colonist growing disapproval of British rule Troubl e over Coloni sts

Rights First time England passed a tax strictly to raise money and not regulate trade (mercantilism) England needed money War with France (French & Indian War) was expensive England kept a standing army in America

to fight Natives it was expensive to maintain Parliament began passing laws to make money but they restricted colonists rights 1. Sugar Act- 1764 England put taxes on molasses and sugar imported by colonists 2. Parliament refused to let the colonists print their own money 3. Parliament increased power of courts controlled by England to punish American colonists

Taxation without Representation Parliaments laws upset colonists Especially James Otis who was one of the first colonists to argue against the Sugar tax he said Parliament could not tax without the consent of the personAmerican colonists had no representatives in Parliament Led to slogan No Taxation without Representation Sam Adams agreed with James Otis started the Committees of Correspondence- groups that contact other colonists and organized boycotts to refuse to buy certain goods

Stamp Act Stamp Act 1765 law by Parliament that taxed the colonists every time they bought paper (newspapers, legal documents) Most English in England paid a similar tax, but colonists upset because they were not represented in Parliament Colonists protest Stamp Act Sons of Liberty- secret groups organized to

protest against taxintimidated tax collectors Sam Adams led group in Boston Patrick Henry proposed resolutions to the House of Burgesses in Virginia to protest Stamp Act which the House of Burgesses agreed Review: what was the House of Burgesses? 9 colonies together asked Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act Benjamin Franklin went to England and spoke to Parliament Parliament repealed the Stamp Act Colonists vow loyalty to King of England!

Townshend Acts-Parliament passed law placing tax on imported glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. Like Stamp Act, revenue paid for British military To enforce Townshend Acts, Parliament enforced Writs of Assistance- allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods Colonists hated the new law Again, colonists boycotted (refused to buy) certain goods Sam Adams wrote to Parliament that laws violated colonists rights British troops occupied Boston Boston Massacre

People of Boston were very upset the British troops were in town Trouble started when one English soldier got into a fight with an angry colonist A crowd formed around the soldier-threw snowballs and shouted insults at him A few more soldiers arrived, the crowd became angrier The British soldiers fired into the angry crowd, killing a few colonists Aftermath of the Boston Massacre

Sam Adams publicized the event-using it as propaganda (one sided information) to rally support for the colonists The British soldiers were charged with murder but found not guilty based on self defense Parliaments response to Boston Massacre Parliament repealed most of the Townshend Acts EXCEPT tax on tea Then Parliament passed the Tea Act-allowing the British East India Company to sell cheap tea directly to the colonists Colonists feared the East India Company would have a monopoly on

tea A ship carrying tea arrived in the Boston harbor-colonists dressed as Indians dumped the tea into the harbor= Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts Parliament was mad when they heard about the Boston Tea Party To punish Boston, Parliament passed the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) 1. Boston Harbor closed until they paid for lost tea 2. Massachusetts charter (self rule) was canceledroyal governor in charge 3. Officials accused of crimes sent to England for trial

to avoid friendly juries in colonies 4. Colonists required to quarter (pay for housing and food) British soldiers 5. Parliament appointed a new governor of Massachusetts Summary In general, Parliament was trying to assert control over American colonists trying to raise money after French and Indian War However, prior to the French and Indian War the colonists had enjoyed mostly self rule (little interference from England) Parliaments actions caused conflict

between the colonists and England leading to the American Revolution Rewrite the chart from page 174 into your notebook Act Sugar Act (1764)Stamp Act (1765) Townshend Acts (1767) Tea Act (1773) Intolerable Acts (1774) Colonial Response

British Reaction

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