Chapter 6.3

Chapter 6.3

BIG BUSINESS AND LABOR ADVANTAGES OF BIG BUSINESS MASS PRODUCTION OFFERED THE PUBLIC NEW, IMPROVED, & LESS EXPENSIVE PRODUCTS WIDE DISTRIBUTION INCREASED PROFITS BY USING LARGESCALE ADVERTISING & BY SELLING THEIR PRODUCTS TO ENTIRE NATION

EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT COULD AFFORD TO HIRE MOST CAPABLE EXECUTIVES, MAINTAIN COSTLY RESEARCH LABORATORIES, & RAISE CAPITAL FOR EXPANSION ABUSES BY BIG ELIMINATION OF COMPETITION BUSINESS OF SMALL DESTRUCTION BUSINESSMAN POWER OVER THE CONSUMER

FORCE CONSUMER TO PAY HIGH PRICES & ACCEPT INFERIOR QUALITY EXPLOITATION OF WORKERS PAY LOW WAGES & KEEP WORKERS FROM FORMING UNIONS INFLUENCE OVER THE GOVT TRUST GROUP OF COMPANIES TURN THEIR CONTROL OVER TO A BOARD OF DIRECTORS

BOARD RUNS THE COMPANIES AS A SINGLE ENTERPRISE A TRUST CAN TURN INTO A MONOPOLY WHEN A TRUST GAINS TOTAL CONTROL OVER AN INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF TRUSTS SHERMAN ANTI-TRUST ACT OF 1890 CREATED IN RESPONSE TO PUBLIC

DEMAND FOR CURBING EXCESSES OF TRUSTS PROVISION ANY ATTEMPT TO MONOPOLIZE AN INDUSTRY OR RESTRICT TRADE WAS MADE ILLEGAL BREAK UP TRUSTS AND HELP WEAKNESSES OF SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT VAGUE LANGUAGE OF THE LAW ABILITY OF BUSINESS LEADERS TO

USE FORMS OF COMBINATION OTHER THAN THE TRUST LACK OF SUFFICIENT FUNDS, PERSONNEL, & EXECUTIVE DETERMINATION FOR ENFORCEMENT INTERPRETATIONS BY SUPREME COURT FAVORING BIG BUSINESS LABOR UNIONS GROUPS OF WORKERS THAT TRY TO GET BETTER WAGES, HOURS, WORKING CONDITIONS FOR ITS MEMBERS

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WHEN THE BOSSES AND THE LABOR UNIONS GET TOGETHER TO NEGOTIATE CONTRACTS IF THE UNION IS NOT PLEASED WITH THE OFFER, THEY MAY GO ON STRIKE KNIGHTS OF LABOR 1ST NATIONAL UNION OF WORKERS IN THE US

WORKED FOR THE 8 HOUR WORK DAY, EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK AND CHILD LABOR LAWS AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR LED BY SAMUEL GOMPERS LIMITED ITS MEMBERSHIP TO SKILLED WORKERS INDIVIDUAL UNIONS FOR MINEWORKERS, STEELWORKERS

WANTED 8-HOUR WORKDAYS, SAFER WORKING CONDITIONS AND HIGHER PAY HAYMARKET RIOT (1886) IN CHICAGO, TWO WORKERS WERE KILLED IN A STRIKE (KNIGHTS OF LABOR) BY THE POLICE THE NEXT DAY UNION MEMBERS MET TO PROTEST THE KILLINGS A BOMB WAS THROWN INTO THE CROWD KILLING 7 AND WOUNDING

60 POLICE OFFICERS RESULTS OF HAYMARKET RIOT TURNED PUBLIC OPINION AGAINST LABOR UNIONS, ESPECIALLY KNIGHTS OF LABOR HOMESTEAD STRIKE AT CARNEGIES STEEL PLANT IN (1892) PENNSYLVANIA, MACHINES WERE BROUGHT IN TO REPLACE WORKERS, WORKERS RECEIVED CUT IN PAY

UNION WORKERS WERE LOCKED OUT, SO THEY OVERTOOK THE TOWN POLICE WERE CALLED IN AND 9 WORKERS AND 7 OFFICERS WERE KILLED STRIKE LASTED 4 MONTHS AND THE UNION WAS DEFEATED PULLMAN STRIKE (1893) PULLMAN, ILLINOIS GEORGE PULLMAN LAID OFF HALF OF HIS WORKERS AND LOWERED THE PAY TO THE OTHERS

WORKERS WENT ON STRIKE, SHUTTING DOWN THE RAILROADS THE RAILROAD ATTACHED MAIL CARS TO THE TRAINS MAKING IT A FEDERAL OFFENSE TO INTERFERE WITH THE TRAINS, ENDING THE STRIKE IMPACT OF 2ND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION URBAN CENTERS

MUSHROOMED AS FACTORIES INCREASINGLY DEMANDED MORE LABOR FREE-ENTERPRISE ECLIPSED BY MONOPOLY AMERICAN AGRICULTURE ECLIPSED BY INDUSTRIALISM

WORKPLACE BECAME REGIMENTED & IMPERSONAL FOREIGN TRADE DEVELOPED AS HIGH U.S. PRODUCTIVITY THREATENED TO FLOOD AMERICAN MARKET WOMEN ACHIEVED SOCIAL & ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE

SOCIAL STRATIFICATION MORE PRONOUNCED STANDARD OF LIVING ROSE SHARPLY

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