Chapter 8

Chapter 8

Chapter 5 Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbXjW-c X9kQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-c50H NnPg0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pN6yd

LE4EQ ABA http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=lOYdpxpFX08 http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=vApghedypFc floor time 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=qtszqdr4GW4 sensory integration/SI

2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Autism Spectrum disorder 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Federal Definition A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction, usually evident before age 3, that

adversely affects a childs educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movement, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual sensory experiences. Source: http://idea.ed.gov/ 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Historical Overview History

Kanner (1943) Asperger (1944) Rutter (1966) Bettelheim (1974) Neurological Disorders (Current)

2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Etiological Factors Neurology and Brain Development Mirror neurons system Genetic factors

Environmental factors 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Autism & PDD Incidence Occurs between 2 to 6 per 1000 children. Autism & PDD 4 times more common in boys than in girls. From NICHCY, 2008.

2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Identifying Autism CHAT Protodeclarative pointing Gaze monitoring Pretend play www.firstsigns.org

2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Early Identification and Intervention Language and social skills development Critical developmental 18 months to 3 years Imitation of motor behaviors Eye gaze to communicate 2012 Cengage Learning.

All rights reserved. Special Characteristics Lack of Theory of Mind Hypersensitivity to Sensory Stimuli Social and communication difficulties Motor skills difficulties

2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Information Processing Model 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Programs for Children with ASD

UCLA Young Autism Project TEACCH LEAP Pivotal Response Model 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

School-Age Programs for Children with ASD Inclusion-based IEP - clear goals and objectives Structured teaching Functional behavior assessments

Technological supports 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Social Skills Approaches

Ecological Variations Collateral skills interventions Child-specific interventions Peer-mediated intervention procedures Comprehensive interventions 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Family and Lifespan Family Issues: Parents as teachers

Relationship focused (RF) Sibling considerations Family support services Transition 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Sam and Mike Characteristics

Similarities Differences Strengths and challenges 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Meet the Students Sam and Mike Strategies

Communication goals Social Skills training RTI Tiers IEP goals - Table 5.3 in text 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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