Chapter 9: Are We Free or Determined? - Cengage

Chapter 9: Are We Free or Determined? - Cengage

Chapter 9: Are We Free or Determined? Introduction Determinism all events are caused Fatalism events are predetermined by

some impersonal cosmic force or power Predestination events are predetermined by some personal power Problem of freedom and determinism If all events are caused, then how can any human action be free? Introduction The dilemma Human choice is either free or not free If it is free, then the law of causality is

false If it is not free, then people are not responsible for their actions Therefore, either the law of causality is false, or people are not responsible for their actions The Case of Dr. Svengali Jonathan Harrison

Uses science fiction to explore issues of freedom and determinism Dr. Svengali is able to determine the actions of the housekeeper, but he is unable to successfully control her will without unwanted consequences We Are Determined Hard determinism every event

has a cause that is incompatible with free will Simple determinism is not necessarily incompatible with free will Not Guilty Robert Blatchford

Blatchford denies that humans are free to rise above heredity and environment Rewards and punishments cannot be based on human responsibility A man is free to act as he chooses to act, but what causes him to choose? We Are Free Libertarianism some human

choices, such as moral choices for which we are responsible, are not determined by antecedent events Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialism existence precedes essence. Man defines himself after he exists

If human nature is not predetermined but is something that we create as we make decisions, then we are radically free Karma and Freedom The law of karma states that as each sows, he shall reap. Past and present actions determine future

spiritual, moral, and physical conditions The perfect law of moral justice operates automatically in the universe Karma and Freedom Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Radhakrishnan supports a type of libertarianism Agent causation when your whole self is the agent that causes you to choose and act, then you are free What is the self? We Are Both Free and Determined

Soft determinism every event has a cause, and this fact is compatible with human freedom. Compatibilism even if determinism is true, people ought to be held responsible for those actions they do voluntarily Chanelle, Sabrina, and the Oboe Bruce N. Waller

Explores the soft determinist position Rejects the idea of moral responsibility Distinguishes between taking (or taken) responsibility and moral responsibility Taken responsibility does not necessitate rewards and punishment

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Guam Department of Education Consolidated Grant to the ...

    Guam Department of Education Consolidated Grant to the ...

    Guam Department of Education Consolidated Grant to the Insular Areas Abstract The island of Guam, which is located in between Hawaii, the Philippine Islands and Japan, is the westernmost territory of the United States. Guam is an unincorporated territory of...
  • Photosynthesis.PPT - Model High School

    Photosynthesis.PPT - Model High School

    In most plants, photosynthesis occurs primarily in the leaves, in the chloroplasts. A chloroplast contains: stroma, a fluid . grana, stacks of thylakoids . The thylakoids contain chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the green pigment that captures light for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis occurs...
  • Practical FRBR

    Practical FRBR

    Dublin Core in Kentucky Digital Library. Dublin Core is the core of its metadata. Accepts data / metadata submissions from all over the state. Not enough time / subject expertise to do all description here. Guidelines describe specifics of metadata...
  • World War I - Mrflessa.com

    World War I - Mrflessa.com

    It introduced the concept of total war. ... The first war to pit entire societies against one another—soldier vs. soldier, citizen vs. citizen. The war decimated Europe, its people, wealth and culture. ... World War I Last modified by: Flessa,...
  • Addressing Burnout and Secondary Trauma Presenters: Christine Gendron,

    Addressing Burnout and Secondary Trauma Presenters: Christine Gendron,

    Completing the cycle is a physiological shift, not an intellectual choice. Just telling yourself that everything is okay will not work. Physical activity tells your brain that you have survived the threat and now your body is a safe place...
  • video slide - Wild about Bio

    video slide - Wild about Bio

    Figure 32.3 Three lines of evidence that choanoflagellates are closely related to animals Figure 32.4 Ediacaran fossils Figure 32.5 A Cambrian seascape Figure 32.7 Body symmetry Figure 32.8 Body cavities of triploblastic animals Figure 32.9 A comparison of protostome and...
  • The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

    The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

    The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire. Rome built great stuff. Rome built great roads to travel on and aqueducts to bring water into the city. ... The Roman Empire fell in 476 AD. The eastern part of the...
  • The Muscular System

    The Muscular System

    Skeletal muscle cells must be stimulated by nerves. One motor neuron may stimulate a few cells or many cells (one neuron and the cells it stimulates is a . motor unit) When the axon of the neuron reaches the muscle...