How position, angle, lens and movement have a major impact on the visual structure of a film FILM STRUCTURE AND THE CAMERA Extreme long shot-A view from a considerable
distance; often used to introduce a film or begin a scene (also called an establishing shot) Long shot-A view from a distance, of a large object or a collection of objects. Often used to establish a
setting, stress environment, or show a characters relationship within an environment (establishing shot). Full shot-A full view of a person
American shot-A three-quarter view of a person, showing her or him from the knees up Medium shot-A view of the upper half of a person's body, showing his or her bodily stance; brings characters
closer to viewer while still showing environment. Close-up-Full view of, typically, a human face; stresses characters or objects over surroundings for expressive/dramatic purposes; guides/
directs viewer to important features of scenes action or meaning Detail/extreme close-up-A small object or part of an object shown large; stresses characters or objects over surroundings
Camera Position Helps get into characters personal space Manipulates what viewer sees Effects of camera position are
context-dependent How is position related to dramatic or emotional context of shot and/or scene? ANGLE OF FRAMING Framing-position of subject in the
frame 3 Essential positions low medium (eye-level) high Straight-on angle-the camera is
positioned at about the same height as the object, shooting straight and level (this is the default angle). Low angle-The object is seen from a low-level position (camera looking up)
high angle-the object is seen from above (camera looking down). A limit case of the high angle shot is the aerial-shot (a bird's-eye view taken from a helicopter or an airplane).
Oblique angle (canted/tilted angle)The camera is tilted sideways showing a tilted view of an object. May suggest disorientation, anxieties, visualizes emotional/psychological instability Angle of framing can convey
characters view of the world and accompanying emotions; also can complicate emotional responses by playing against visual relationships viewers want to have with characters Camera Lens
A lens is a device that gathers light into the camera to a focused point on film, creating an image (emulsion) Choice of Lens can Affect apparent size of objects
Affect apparent relationship of depth and distance between far and near objects type of lens used in each shot helps define relationship between camera and what it photographs.
Focal Length/depth of field- distance from the film inside the camera and the optical center.
Angle of view-how much the focal length of a lens sees Normal lens-focal length of 50mm for 35mm film is standard Telephoto lens-greater than normal focal length, more narrow, will magnify distant
objects with less depth The effect of using a long lens is to compress the apparent depth of an image, so that elements that are relatively close or far away from the camera seem to lie at approximately the same distance.
Wide-angle lens-less than normal focal length, shows a greater, wider area while also providing more depth Zoom-variable focal length, can shift from wide angle to telephoto the frame moves in on or away from an object (zooming in,
zooming out) DEEP FOCUS-all planes are in focus and significant to the scene. All elements at very different depths of the image both be in focus.
Shallow focus-keeps only one plane in sharp focus; the opposite of deep focus. Used to direct the viewer's attention to one element of a scene
Depth of field-Focusing audience's attention on one sharp plain (background in focus, foreground out of focus) RACKING FOCUS-Racking focus refers to the
practice of changing the focus of a lens such that an element in one plane of the image goes out of focus and an element at another plane in the image comes into focus. EXPOSURE-A camera lens has an aperture that controls how much light
passes through the lens and onto the film. Camera Movement There are many ways to move a camera -in fluid long takes
-rapid and confusing motions that establish the rhythm and point of view of a scene. Crane shot-camera moves up or down on a crane structure. Used for long and extreme long shots.
Pan-The camera surveys a scene by turning around its vertical or horizontal axis. TILT-A camera movement with the camera body swiveling upward or downward on a stationary support.
Push in, pull back-the camera moves in on or away from a stationary object. Tracking shot/pulling shot-the camera follows (tracks) or precedes (pulls) an object which is in motion itself. Dolly-rolling platform camera is stationed
on HANDHELD CAMERA, STEADYCAM-The use of the camera operator's body as a camera support, either holding it by hand or using a gyroscopic stabilizer and a harness.
FOLLOWING SHOT-A shot with framing that shifts to keep a moving figure onscreen. A following shot combines a camera movement, like panning, tracking, tilting or craning, with the specific function of directing our attention to a character or object as he/she/it moves inside the frame.
REFRAMING-Short panning or tilting movements to adjust for the figures' movements, keeping them onscreen or centered. Structural Design and
Creative Choice -Where is the camera positioned? -What angle is employed? -Which lens is used and to what effect? -Does the shot/scene employ camera movement?
CINEMATOGRAPHY is the making of camera choices when recording photographic images for the cinema. The look of an image, its balance of dark and light, the depth of the space in focus, the relation of background and foreground, etc. all affect the reception of the
image. POINT-OF-VIEW SHOT-A shot taken with the camera placed approximately where the character's eyes would be, showing what the character would see
ASPECT RATIO-The ratio of the horizontal to the vertical sides of an image.
Customer Quality Networks Gaining a Deeper Understanding of Customer Needs Talking Points Macro Overview Alcoa Our Story How We Strive To Better Connect With Our Customers Customer Quality Networks (CQNs) World's leading producer of: Primary aluminum and alumina Fabricated aluminum...
fast feet forward trauma program. In this time he had turned 18, lost his SW, was told he needed to move from his accommodation and his mother who is still . in Sudan was ill and needed surgery. He was...
Remembering cont' List Memorise Relate Show Locate Distinguish Give example Reproduce Quote Repeat Label Recall Know Group Read Write Outline Listen Group Choose Recite Review Quote Record Match Select Underline Cite Sort Recall or recognition of specific information Products include:...
Some Thoughts on Leadership by Ray Findlay McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario [email protected] Leadership, according to Peter DeLisle, is the ability to influence other people, with or without authority.
17th Century Settlers and Early Government in the Colonies Royal Colonies Charter Colonies Proprietary Colonies Royal Colonies This was the most common type of colony and subject the most control by England John Smith John Smith was made part of...
www.canlearn.ca. Using the RESP: Educational Assistance Payment (EAP) The Education Assistance Payment includes the bond, the grant and the interest. Once the child (beneficiary) of the RESP is enrolled in an eligible post-secondary education program, you withdraw the funds on...
120-bed nursing home, part of a continuing care retirement community (CCRC) 1 day (8 hour) training. Held on the campus of the nursing home. ... Modular. PowerPoint presentations with facilitator notes. Exercises. Short video vignettes illustrating key messages.
David Shand and Parminder Brar The World Bank [email protected][email protected] THE IMPORTANCE OF SOUND PFM Need for accountability to citizens (and donors) Need for pro-poor budgets - and which are implemented Good PFM reduces corruption, poor PFM facilitates it Concern...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!