Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development Chapter 7 Novak and Pelaez Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Piaget's Worldview What Changes? -- Structure Types of Schemes How do the structures change? -Functions: Adaptation = Assimilation Accommodation Equilibrium-Disequilibrium

and Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Stage (Birth - 24 months) Preoperational Stage (2 - 7 years) Preconceptual Period (2 - 4 years) Intuitive Period (4 - 7 years)

Concrete Operations Stage (7 - 11 years) Formal Operations Stage (12 years and up) Piaget and Function Behavioral Approaches to Cognitive Development

Knowledge and Ability Natural & Contrived Consequences What Reinforces Cognitive Behavior? Problem Solving Exploratory Behavior Creative Behavior

Knowledge Class of behaviors specified by a stimulus Simple discriminative behavior conceptual (abstract) behavior describing past events

describing how things work Ability Do things in a certain order Do things with a certain topography Problem Solving

Operant chain Precurrent behavior - makes correct response more likely Exploratory Behavior Reinforced by ecological stimuli Needs environment which affords

exploration Automatic (natural) reinforcement Creative Behavior Large repertoire of knowledge & ability History of reinforcement for creative combinations of behavior

Skill Learning: A Dynamical Systems Approach to Cognitive Development What Develops?--Operant Response Classes How Skills Develop -- Functions Transformational Rules

. Levels of Cognitive Skills Tiers of Cognitive Development

Sensorimotor Tier Representational Tier Abstract Tier Levels within a Tier

Level A - Single Response Classes Level B - Mapping one class onto another Level C - Systems (mappings of mappings) Level D - Systems of Ststems (Shares with next tier) Figure 8-1: Fischers Levels of Cognitive Skills

10 Levels How Do Levels Change Transformational Processes Compounding (Chaining)

Focusing Intercoordination Differentiation Substitution Skill Theory and Dynamical Systems Stimulus Equivalence Identity (Reflexivity)

[ A =A Symmetry [ A=B then B=A Transitivity [ A=B and B=C then emerges A=C

The development of response systems Equivalencing: How? Basic Process (M. Sidman) Learned Skill (S. Hayes) Can Equivalencing be taught?

Charlie Studies (Lipkens, Hayes & Hayes) Is Equivalencing taught? Novak, et al. Skill Theory Analysis

and Behavior Cognitive skills as operants Stimulus Equivalence Classes Some Speculation on Stimulus Equivalence

and Cognitive Skills Theory Speculation on Skill Transformation Rules and Behavior Analysis Why are equivalence relationships important to the study of development?

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Chapter 7 Quiz Review - Loyola High School

    Chapter 7 Quiz Review - Loyola High School

    Congruence Problems Using the theorems Congruency Thms. List the 4 triangle congruency thms. SSS SAS ASA RHS (or AAS) x -Consider this- Why are the two triangles congruent?
  • Titel / Thema der Präsentation - IBM

    Titel / Thema der Präsentation - IBM

    Usage Scenarios for a Community Cloud in Education and Research Paul Heinzlreiter, Wolfgang Hennerbichler, Michael Krieger The Location Johannes Kepler University Linz founded in 1966 3 faculties social sciences & business and economics, law, engineering & natural sciences about 15.000...
  • Computational Neuroanatomy John Ashburner

    Computational Neuroanatomy John Ashburner [email protected]

    Quality Assurance NITRC Enhancement Grantee Meeting June 18, 2009 Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli & Satrajit Ghosh RapidArt MIT Acknowledgements THANKS!
  • Research Computing Services

    Research Computing Services

    Staff. David Currie - Director, Research Computing [email protected], 96457. Janet Keener - Research Computing Consultant. [email protected], 94142. Vince Thompson - Research Computing Consultant
  • 2.6 Multiplication and Division Properties

    2.6 Multiplication and Division Properties

    Multiplication & Division Properties Lesson 2.6 Theorem 14: If segments or angles are congruent, then their like multiples are congruent. (property of multiplication.) B,C and F,G are trisection points on two segments AD and EH respectfully. ... Look for a...
  • SAS Workshop - East Carolina University

    SAS Workshop - East Carolina University

    Assignment Statements. Let's use an assignment statement to assign the score for the class that combines the homework and the test scores. Suppose the syllabus indicates that the score is comprised of 25% for each test, 40% for the final...
  • There are 2 types of cells in the

    There are 2 types of cells in the

    Fig 14.18 Fig 14.15 Sensory Pathway Motor Pathway Interneuron (Integration) CNS PNS Receptors Effector Tissue 1. Sensory Neuron 3. Motor Neuron 2. Interneuron A typical Neuron Anaxonic Bipolar Unipolar Multipolar Telodendria The Anatomy of a Motor Neuron Axolemma (outermost surface...
  • Teaching and Learning Forum 11 October 2016 Pauline

    Teaching and Learning Forum 11 October 2016 Pauline

    University of Plymouth Employability Jigsaw Project 2016-2018. By the end of September 2018: All students at undergraduate, taught postgraduate and research levels will have more consistent, effective and more visible, employability support, leading to an evidential increase in professional graduate...