WHEN TO USE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Degrees of Adjectives Adjectives can express degrees of modification: Gladys is a rich woman, but Josie is richer than Gladys, and Sadie is the richest woman in town. The degrees of comparison are known
as the , the , and the . positive: tall
comparative: taller superlative: the tallest We use the comparative for comparing 2
things and the superlative for comparing 3 or more things. Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative. Mary is
Anna. Anna is Mary. Sarah is girl in the class.
To make comparative and superlative forms of adjectives some rules must be followed: Rule 1 One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding ER and the superlative by adding EST. POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
the softest the cheapest the sweetest the thinnest Note: if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled and then the suffix
is added. If an adjective ends in E, this is removed when adding ER or EST. If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by y, y is replaced by i when adding ER and EST. Rule 2
Two syllable adjectives which end in Y usually form the comparative by adding ER and the superlative by adding EST Dont forget to change the y to i Rule 3 To form the comparative and superlative of adjectives that are two syllables and more and not ending in a Y, add MORE
and THE MOST in front of the positive adjective. However, a few 2 syllable adjectives can take either ER or EST or MORE or THE MOST. Here are some examples. Irregular adjectives Discussion Questions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What is the scariest thing that ever happened to you? What is the most delicious thing you have ever eaten?
What is the most dangerous thing you have ever done? What is the most disgusting thing you have ever smelled? What is the cutest animal in the world? Children in many African villages play on PlayPumps, what did you play with when you were a child? 7. What do you drink more often, bottled water or tap water (water from the sink)? 8. What are some ways that you and your family conserve water? 9. What are some ways you could conserve more water?
10. What is the biggest problem with Koreas water supply? What do you think should be done about it? Homework for Next Week Your homework for the week is available at http://myelt.heinle.com
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