Congress of Vienna - Sarah Smith

Congress of Vienna - Sarah Smith

Congress of Vienna What was the Congress of Vienna? What were its goals? Was it effective? Key Players at Vienna Tsar Alexander I (Rus.) King Frederick William III (Prus.)

Foreign Minister, Castlereagh (Br.) The Host Prince Klemens von Metternich (Aus.) Foreign Minister, Charles Maurice de Tallyrand (Fr.)

European Balance of Power Allied powers to discuss how to handle France Offered lenient terms to France after Napoleons abdication Wanted France to still be powerful but put in place some defensive measures Emphasis on balance of power After Napoleons final defeat at

Waterloo, 1815 Congress still relatively moderate towards France Louis XVIII restored to his throne second time France lost only a little bit of territory Had to pay an indemnity of 700 million francs Support a large army of occupation for 5 years Members agreed to meet periodically to discuss their common interests and to consider appropriate measures for continued peace in Europe Marked beginning of Congress System

The New Old Map of Europe Boundaries Re-drawn (largely resembling old boundaries) Conservatism Dominates Austrian foreign minister Metternich dominated discussions at the Congress of Vienna

Emphasized monarchial status quo Obedience to authority and institutions Importance of institutional religion Against revolutionary upheavals and liberal reforms Against nationalist aspirations Community over individual rights Importance of a well-ordered predictable society based on tradition STABILITY between states

The Holy Alliance 18151825 Agreement between rulers of RUSSIA, PRUSSIA, & AUSTRIA to rule in a spirit of Christian charity and to assist each other

in times of trouble Issues in Southern Europe In the 1820s revolutionaries forced the monarchs of Spain and the Italian Kingdom of the Two Sicilies to establish constitutional monarchies emphasized press freedom, universal male suffrage, and other liberal reforms Metternich horrified called a conference at Troppau in Austria Proclaimed the principle of active intervention to stop revolutions in Europe Austrian forces marched into Naples and restored the monarch in the

Two Sicilies, French forces invaded Spain to return the king to power there Conservative policies of Metternich and the Holy Alliance crushed reform not only in Austria and Italian Peninsula, but also German Confederation New confederation based on Napoleons reorganization of the territory replaced 300 principalities with 38 states, dominated by Prussia and Austria Karlsbad Decrees, 1819 Required the German states to outlaw liberal political organizations,

police their universities and newspapers, and establish a permanent committee with spies to clamp down on liberal or radicals Conservative regimes in central Europe used the powers of the state to repress liberal reform wherever possible The Spread of Radical Ideas What new ideologies emerged to challenge conservatism? In the years following the peace settlement of 1815, intellectuals and social observers rejected conservatism with its stress on the old and tradition Inspired by liberties championed during the French Revolution

Liberalism Conservatism Nationalism Socialism Assignment In small groups (2-4), please research the assigned ism. Explain what the movement is, important works, and people associated with the movement An important event associated with it?

Try to find one primary source to go along with your movement You can create a chart, word web , or wordle for your ism

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