Conjugation for regular verbs (-er, -ir, and re) Verbs are action words and you cannot speak French without them! There are three main verb categories in French: -er, -ir, and re verbs -er verbs are the most common Examples: visiter, voyager, parler, habiter, manger, aimer, adorer, dtester, tudier, regarder, couter You also need to know pronouns Je (J) Tu Il/Elle Nous Vous Ils/Elles
I You (familiar) He/She and it We Yall (or you formal) They How to conjugate an -er verb Steps: Find verb Drop er to get stem Put stem with pronouns and add endings Example: parler parler Je parle Tu parles
Il/Elle parle Nous parlons Vous parlez Ils/Elles parlent Common er verbs Aider Aimer Chanter Chercher Commencer Compter Danser
Tlphoner Traverser Voler Voyager Translation French Je parle Tu parles Il/Elle parle Nous parlons Vous parlez Ils/elles parlent English I speak, I do speak, I am speaking You speak, you do speak, you are speaking He/She speaks, he/she does speak, he/she is speaking We speak, we do speak, we are speaking
Yall speak, yall do speak, you are speaking They speak, do they speak, they are speaking Questions French questions can be made three ways Tu parles franais? Parles-tu franais? Est-ce que tu parles franais? Adding a question mark Inversion Adding est-ce que Negative Questions French questions can be made three ways
The nepas goes around the verb and anything attached. Tu ne parles pas franais? Ne parles-tu pas franais? Est-ce que tu ne parles franais pas? Adding a question mark Inversion Adding est-ce que Negatives Add nepas around the verb Sometimes it is n Negative question Je ne parle pas franais. Tu naimes pas lcole. Naimes-tu pas lcole? How to conjugate an -ir verb Steps: Find verb Drop ir to get stem
Put stem with pronouns and add endings Example: finir finir Je finis Tu finis Il/Elle finit Nous finissons Vous finissez Ils/Elles finissent How to conjugate an -re verb Steps: Find verb Drop re to get stem Put stem with pronouns and add endings Example: vendre vendre Je vends Tu vends Il/Elle vend Nous vendons
Vous vendez Ils/Elles vendent Common ir and re verbs Btir Choisir Finir Grandir Grossir Gurir Obir Punir Remplir Russir
Rougir Maigrir Attendre Dfendre Descendre Entendre Perdre Rendre Rpondre Vendre The Pronoun on The pronouns on is conjugated like il or elle in French. It means many things that dont really translate easily
into English. It can be used for one as in One should do ones best. It can be used as a general you as in You have to be 18 in order to buy lottery tickets. It can replace the nous for saying we. It can be used for invitations (Lets) as in Lets do lunch. It can be used for talking about PEOPLE in general as in People should be nice. It can be used for they when talking about generalizations as in They say French is hard. Shortcut for endings -er verb -ir verb -re verb
tre Avoir Je -e -is -s suis ai Tu -es -is -s es as
Il/Elle/On -e -is __ est a Nous -ons -issons -ons sommes avons Vous
-ez -issez -ez tes avez Ils/Elles -ent -issent -enz sont ont
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