DESERTEC INDUSTRIAL INITIATIVE: A WIN-WIN PARTNERSHIP Boukhalfa Boukhalfa Yaici, Yaici, Cevital Cevital Energies Energies Renouvelables Renouvelables MENA Regional Concentrated Solar Power Scale-Up Program Tunis, October 21-22, 2009 Agenda 1. Industrial perspective from Cevitals side Current situation Opportunities 2. Desertec Industrial Initiative: Focus on the activities in the field of power generation on the sun and wind as sources of energy Creating the political framework Benefits for all Industrial perspectives from Cevitals side Current situation General General aspects: aspects: From From food food processing processing to to industrial industrial sectors sectors US US $$ 22 billion billion in in 2008 2008 7,400 7,400 people people Two Two digits digits rate rate growth growth since since 1999. 1999. Industrial Industrial aspects: aspects: More More than than 20
20 subsidairies subsidairies Float-glass Float-glass lines lines (2007: (2007: 600 600 T/d; T/d; 2010: 2010: 800 800 T/d) T/d) Concrete Concrete fab; fab; Construction Construction Energy: Energy: aa new new sector sector 2x25 2x25 MW MW cogeneration cogeneration power power plant plant (December (December 2009) 2009) 1x17 1x17 MW MW electrical electrical power power plant plant (February (February 2010) 2010) 33 MW MW CSP CSP pilot pilot plant plant (2012) (2012) Industrial perspectives from Cevitals side Opportunities Algeria: Algeria: Huge Huge solar solar radiation radiation Close Close to to Europe Europe Comparative Comparative advantages advantages Cevital: Cevital: Local Local manufacturing: manufacturing: Solar
Solar mirrors, mirrors, collectors collectors Construction: Construction: Civil Civil work, work, engineering engineering Power Power plant: plant: Operating Operating & & Maintenance Maintenance Source: Source: REMAP. REMAP. Delivrable Delivrable 3.1., 3.1., January January 09 09 The deserts represent the largest but least exploited source of clean energy on earth Thrilling scientific theory Within Within 66 hours, hours, deserts deserts receive receive more more energy energy from from the the sun sun than than humankind humankind Required CSP collector area necessary to meet the worlds energy need in 2005 consumes consumes within within aa year. year. Dr. Dr. Gerhard Gerhard Knies Knies (Chairman (Chairman of of the the Supervisory Supervisory Board Board of of the the DESERTEC
DESERTEC Foundation) Foundation) 02/28/2020 5 The DESERTEC concept (I) Origin and Vision Developed Developed by by the the Club Club of of Romes Romes TREC TREC Initiative Initiative (Trans(Transmediterranean mediterranean Renewable Renewable Energy Energy Cooperation) Cooperation) Vision: Vision: Providing Providing Europe Europe (EU), (EU), the the Middle Middle East East and and North North Africa Africa (MENA) (MENA) with with aa sustainable sustainable supply supply of of renewable renewable energy energy by by the the year year 2050 2050 02/28/2020 6 The DESERTEC concept (II) Basic assumptions and facts Sources
Sources of of renewable renewable energy energy are are abundant abundant DESERTEC DESERTEC mainly mainly aims aims to to make make use use of of solar solar energy energy from from the the deserts, deserts, the the biggest biggest energy energy resource resource available available on on earth earth More More than than 90 90 % % of of the the worlds worlds population population are are living living in in areas areas that that are are less less than than 3.000 3.000 km km away away from from deserts deserts and and thus thus could could be be supplied supplied with with clean clean power power DESERTEC DESERTEC offers offers an an integrated integrated solution solution for for aa variety
variety of of mankinds mankinds key key future future problems: problems: Climate Climate change, change, lack lack of of energy, energy, lack lack of of drinking drinking water, water, further further economic economic development development for for MENA MENA 02/28/2020 7 The DESERTEC concept (III) Feasibility studies MED-CSP MED-CSP (2005) (2005) Concentrating Concentrating Solar Solar Power Power for for the the Mediterranean Mediterranean Region Region focuses focuses on on the the electricity electricity and and water water supply supply Commissioned by TRANS-CSP TRANS-CSP (2006) (2006) Trans-Mediterranean Trans-Mediterranean interconnection interconnection for for Concentrating Concentrating Solar Solar Power Power focuses focuses on on the
the interconnection interconnection of of the the electricity electricity grid grid of of Europe, Europe, the the Middle Middle East East and and North North Africa Africa (EUMENA) (EUMENA) with with the the purpose purpose of of supplying supplying about about 15% 15% of of the the European European electricity electricity demand demand by by solar solar energy energy imports imports from from the the South South by by the the year year 2050 2050 AQUA-CSP AQUA-CSP (2007) (2007) Concentrating Concentrating Solar Solar Power Power for for Seawater Seawater Desalination Desalination analyses analyses the the potential potential of of concentrating concentrating solar solar thermal thermal power power technology technology for for seawater seawater desalination desalination in in the
the Middle Middle East East and and North North Africa Africa 02/28/2020 8 The DESERTEC concept forms the basis of the Desertec Industrial Initiative (DII) Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) 12 12 companies companies and and the the DESERTEC DESERTEC Foundation Foundation signed signed aa Memorandum Memorandum of of Understanding. Understanding. The The objective objective of of this this initiative initiative is is to to analyse analyse and and develop develop the the technical, technical, economic, economic, political, political, social social and and ecological ecological framework framework for for carbon-free carbon-free power power generation generation in in the the deserts deserts of of North North Africa. Africa. 02/28/2020 9 The DII has the overall mission to put the DESERTEC concept into practice
Mission of DII The The mission* mission* of of the the DII DII is is to to accelerate accelerate the the roll-out roll-out of of the the DESERTEC DESERTEC concept concept with with the the target target of of supplying supplying EUMENA EUMENA with with power power produced produced from from sun sun and and wind wind as as renewable renewable sources sources of of energy energy in in MENA MENA and and establishing establishing related related industries industries there. there. The The aim aim hereby hereby is is to to cover cover 15% 15% of of the the European European and and substantially substantially more more of of the the MENA MENA electricity electricity demand demand by by 2050.
2050. To To achieve achieve this this mission mission four four areas areas can can be be derived derived on on which which the the initiative initiative has has to to focus focus within within the the next next three three years: years: 1. 1. Creation Creation aa of of favorable favorable regulatory regulatory and and legislative legislative environment environment 2. 2. Development Development of of aa roll-out roll-out plan plan 3. 3. Proposal Proposal of of concrete concrete reference reference projects projects 4. 4. Additional Additional or or more more detailed detailed studies, studies, where where needed needed (e.g. (e.g. on on feasibility) feasibility) *In line with MoU signed at the Founding Meeting on July 13th, 2009 02/28/2020 10 The vision of DESERTEC helps to build bridges
between EU and MENA Benefits of the DESERTEC concept for the EUMENA region Close Close cooperation cooperation between between the the EU EU and and the the countries countries of of the the MENA MENA region region on on introducing introducing renewable renewable energies energies in in the the market market and and building building power power distribution distribution networks networks (grid) (grid) New New potential potential for for economic, economic, ecological ecological and and social social development, development, particularly particularly in in the the MENA MENA region region (e.g. (e.g. seawater seawater desalination) desalination) Growth, Growth, development development and and employment employment opportunities opportunities for for the the MENA MENA region region as as aa result result of of substantial substantial private private investment
investment Greater Greater energy energy security security in in the the EU/MENA EU/MENA countries countries Reduction Reduction of of carbon-dioxide carbon-dioxide emissions emissions and and thus thus aa significant significant contribution contribution to to climate climate protection protection targets targets 02/28/2020 11 Objectives of the DESERTEC industrial initiative Major challenges are politics and regulations Overview of the main modules Regulatory Regulatory and and legislative legislative environment environment Roll-out Roll-out plan plan Analysis and negotiation of a substantial (sustainable), political and legal framework for the implementation of the DESERTEC concept Analysis of the important legal and political conditions for the rollout plan in MENA and Europe (eg. Feed-in Tariffs) Investigation of possible barriers in the energy industry across the value chain and elaboration of necessary adaptation measures. Identify favorable locations in the MENA Europe, safekeeping and governmental assistance of the involved countries and states Detailed planning of the rollout until 2020. Rough planning until 2050 Determination of the aimed capacity for every country as well as power system planning including requirements for European transmission grids Development of a time table for the rollout and a rough business plan containing funding and investment concepts Simulating the development of energy demand, (cut in) CO2 emissions, Finding possibilities to involve local industries Additional Additional
studies studies Initiation of reference projects in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the DESERTEC concept Specified by location, expected output and amount of byproducts Consideration of the energy transmission from MENA to Europe Assumptions regarding technologies (including the generation concept, storage and network as basis for feasibility studies 02/28/2020 12 Communication A flyer on DESERTEC Industrial Initiative The The DESERTEC DESERTEC concept concept and and the the main main objectives objectives of of DII DII are are detailed detailed on on aa flyer flyer available available during during the the Meeting. Meeting. For For more more information: information: [email protected][email protected] Thank Thank you. you. 02/28/2020 13
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