CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE IN A VUCA WORLD Lesson 2: What is Culture? LEARNING OBJECTIVE It is essential to understand the importance of cultures influence on society and how it shapes values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. KEY TAKEAWAY
Define the traditional meaning culture. Explain why culture is abstract, complicated, and paradoxical. Explore whether you take a surface or deep approach to culture learning. Create your own personal definition of culture based upon how you imagine culture. LEADERSHIP APPLICATIONS CQ leaders are able to grasp the importance of knowing about cultures impact on all of life, and then work towards understanding cultures complexity in all human relationships. Example: Why do we do the things we do? From the film: Narnia the Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
Watch the video clip: What happened in this encounter between two fundamentally different beings and their initial meeting? What were some of the specific things that Lucy and Mr. Tumnus said to each other? What are some of your experiences when bumping into cultural differences? Culture Definition Culture is: The underlying values, beliefs, attitudes, and beliefs of a group (both accepted and expected) that are expressed through behaviors. Shared and invisible
Learned and enduring Powerful influence on behavior Systematic and organized Front-Stage / Back-Stage Culture: What we see on the surface = behaviors and practices, but also: Customs Foods Dress Holidays Symbols
Greetings Outward religious practices The hidden dimensions that are below the surface: Values Beliefs Attitudes The explanations of WHY we do things in a certain manner Cultural Metaphor
An innovative method for understanding the cultural mindset of a nation = looking for cultural cues. Identifies some phenomenon, activity, or institution of a nations culture that all or most of its members consider to be very important and with which they identify cognitively and/or emotionally. This is supported by a research method that analyzes these phenomena/activities/institutions through the constant comparison method and use a variety people from that culture to confirm or disconfirm the findings. The characteristics of the metaphor then become the basis for describing and understanding the essential features of the society. 6 Cultural Metaphor
Metaphors are not stereotypes rather, they rely on the features of one critical phenomenon/activity in a society to describe the entire society. Americans love football and are passionate about it. The characteristics of this metaphor then become the basis for describing and understanding the essential features of the society. Speed, constant movement, high degree of specialization, consistent aggressiveness, and intense competition sum up the nature of American Football. 7 Paradox
A paradox is a statement that seems to be untrue but is in fact true. It is the simultaneous existence of two contradictory or inconsistent elements that represents the essence of paradox. Paradoxes are complicated since we can agree or disagree with them based upon our individual experiences. Just because you prove a paradox exists does not eliminate it. Paradox A paradox is a statement that seems to be untrue but is in fact true. It is the simultaneous existence of two
contradictory or inconsistent elements that represents the essence of paradox. Paradoxes are complicated since we can agree or disagree with them based upon our individual experiences. Just because you prove a paradox exists does not eliminate it. Source: MonkThailand.Fotolia_1917 6406.Ana Summary It is essential to understand the importance of cultures influence on society and how it shapes values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.
Culture is the collection of values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors of a group of people who are expected to behave a certain way. Culture can be viewed as front-stage (superficial) or back-stage (deep). Global leaders need to pursue a deep cultural understanding. Culture is complicated, complicated, abstract, and paradoxical; therefore we can only make generalizations of any group of people as differences will surely exist in any society. Cultural metaphor can help us grasp the elusive nature of culture by bringing it into each of our present day reality and experience.
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